Questions tagged [antenna]

Questions about the design, selection, building, testing, mounting, or properties of antennas. See also specific tags: [antenna-theory], [antenna-construction], [dipole], etc.

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5
votes
1answer
657 views

Minimum thickness of whip antenna

I'm looking at designing a communication system using very low power transmitter (0.1 W) and operating in the 400 Mhz range. For my uses I think a quarter wave whip antenna would work well, so I've ...
3
votes
2answers
296 views

Fox Hunting w/o yagi to find a lost High altitude balloon payload

First off, very new to ham radio. I wanted to track my High altitude balloon using APRS, and after loosing that payload in a mature cornfield for 2 months, decided to add a micro-fox from Byonics to ...
4
votes
1answer
210 views

How far the near-field reactive region extends from the transmitting antenna?

I am doing research on near-field harvesting. In my situation the transmitting antenna is a dipole antenna operating at 2.45 GHz and its length is 14 cm long. I am trying to find how far near-field ...
5
votes
1answer
112 views

Can PIM occur with one carrier?

the literature talks about PIM occuring with two or more carriers: can it not happen in a single carrier antenna? e.g. creating second harmonic (2*f)?
7
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2answers
511 views

Simulating two antennas (transmitter and receiver) using 4nec2 tool

I am trying to find near field mutual coupling affects between two antennas - one being transmitter and other being receiver. The receing antenna is fed with very little voltage (I think, if I don't ...
4
votes
1answer
601 views

Correct number of elements in 4nec2 antenna simulation

I am designing a 1.25-wavelength dipole antenna with the 4nec2 software. What I noticed is that the input impedance of antenna is changing greatly when I change the number of segments. How many ...
5
votes
3answers
13k views

How to improve reception with a headphone-cord antenna?

I have a headphone and a cellphone that has built-in FM radio, and the headphone acts as the radio antenna. but my problem is the radio stations I listen to are very far from my place, good thing ...
1
vote
0answers
239 views

What will be antenna impedance of a dipole antenna when it is kept lambda/2 away from the transmitter

I understand that half-wave dipole antenna, which is in far-field, impedance is around 73 ohms. If I keep same antenna in near-fied at distnace lambda/2 from the 1.25 lambda length tranmiter?
1
vote
1answer
256 views

Determining the correct sidelobe envelope

I need to determine the correct sidelobe envelope for various VSAT antennas. Given the radiation pattern (this one, for example http://www.gdsatcom.com/vsat/technical_docs/patterns/6000-023.pdf), how ...
3
votes
1answer
782 views

maximum distance omnidirectional antenna

I want to know this omnidirectional antenna's maximum distance: gain 15 dBi frequency 2400 GHz power 50 watts
9
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2answers
1k views

Marine VHF whip antennae - what are they?

For marine VHF (156~162 MHz), the most commonly used antenna is a 1/2-wave dipole or a collinear array in the form of a fibreglass rod. Collinear arrays are used to increase gain in some antennas. ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there good antenna for 160m Band?

I live in Japan. Japanese houses are very narrow, but I want to try 160 m band. Is there good antenna for 160 m band? I want to operate HF (160m~10m) bands. Now I use vertical antenna (40, 30,20,15,...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Tuning/trimming a ground plane antenna

I've built a ground plane antenna with a 19.5" vertical and 4 20" radials. Currently, at 147.135 MHz my SWR is 3:1, clearly not ideal (and even bad for the transmitter!). I'm reluctant to start ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Ideal antenna type for FM 2 meters?

Clearly, building a Yagi tuned for 2 meters will likely have the best directional performance. Putting that aside, I'm trying to get information on what antenna type will have the best overall ...
3
votes
2answers
908 views

Dipole versus ungrounded end fed for HF RX

I've built a 2 meter ground plane antenna that works pretty well for RX and has a decent SWR on 2 meters with my Alinco. However, I'm experimenting with SDR quite a bit and would really like to build ...
2
votes
3answers
243 views

Can you place reflective material near to an antenna without interfering with the radiation pattern?

So I'm trying to understand how radiation pattern are calculated and it's going well (so far!). I've come across a bit of an issue when it comes to the following situation: If we have a ...
2
votes
1answer
396 views

VHF antenna / receiver suggestion for a UAV

I am currently working on a student project that involves having a UAV fly an orthogonal path over a series of transmitters -- taking in data (through an arduino-based system for data processing). ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

What's the general difference between radiation patterns of stationary and adaptive aerials in mobile communication systems?

I am trying to find general difference between radiation patterns of adaptive and stationary antennas (common difference, calculation difference and any other). I am interesting in any example and ...
3
votes
1answer
175 views

Does a rotating source antenna (omi) cause any issue for receiving?

Lets say I want to send some data from the London eye. I decide to mount the antenna at the centre of the wheel point out (normal to the circular plane). It's an omnidirectional antenna so I know ...
4
votes
2answers
813 views

Cross Yagi Antenna Design

What will be the effect if I add the insulation between elements and metallic boom of the cross yagi antenna (where elements from outside of the boom, instead of through boom) and in this case boom ...
2
votes
1answer
180 views

Should I ground a 2 array crossed yagi-uda antenna?

I am using 2 array crossed yagi-uda antenna operating at 437.025 MHz. Where and how should I ground it? Should I ground at mast of antenna or to its metallic boom?
8
votes
1answer
188 views

Antenna size for wideband

I just bought a SDR dongle that comes with an antenna. The dongle is for DVB-T. The antenna is very small but the specs say that the dongle can go 30Mhz to 850Mhz. From my knowledge of antenna ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

Query about double stacked circular polarized yagis

I have heard that stacking two or more antennas help in increasing the reception gain. Will this be true for transmission? For example, in transmission using double stacked yagis, wouldn't each ...
1
vote
1answer
148 views

Wideband impedance matching

I'm using an antenna that works in the range from 1 GHz to 3 GHz. I want to match impedances between a cable from the transmitter and the input amplifier and from the output amplifier and the cable to ...
5
votes
2answers
175 views

Theoretical Wifi antenna not working for the expected range

You buy a "20dBi omni" Wifi antenna, operating in the 2.4-2.5GHz band. You note that the expected range is not achieved from this 300mm long antenna. What could be wrong? Can someone please tell me ...
3
votes
1answer
548 views

Receive antenna design for a small apartment

I am looking to make a simple receive antenna from some wire, and I have some questions about resonance. Being that this wire can only be so long (about 3 meters maximum, as it must fit inside my ...
3
votes
2answers
574 views

2 antennas and 2 amplifiers connected to same exciter radio

Does anyone here have experience connecting one exciter radio to a pair of identical amplifiers each connected to identical cables connected to identical antennas? Let's suppose we are talking about ...
6
votes
2answers
10k views

Connect two receiving antennas to the same radio

I have built a 1090 MHz ADS-B antenna roughly following some video instructions. It appears to work reasonably. However, because of how it is placed, it captures signals for more or less a half of ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How does power received by a dipole relate to electric field intensity?

Let's say there's a transmitter far away, and I'm going to receive the transmitted signal. To keep things simple let's further say the transmitted signal is a pure, unmodulated sine wave. Further, let'...
10
votes
6answers
1k views

While backpacking, is it worth mounting the antenna to the backpack frame (above my head)?

I am planning a trip with a large group in 6 weeks. We will be spread out in small groups on a trail in a mostly desert plateau landscape perhaps 5 miles apart, but mostly in a straight line. I'm new ...
3
votes
3answers
532 views

WIFI Antenna Design

I have designed a dual band WIFI antenna (2.4-2.5GHz and 5.1-5.7GHz). In 2.4GHz it's completely omnidirectional but with negative gain and in 5.6GHz it's somehow directional but with very good ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

Can I convert a telescoping antenna radio to work with an FM Dipole?

I have an older FM Radio with a telescoping antenna. Is it possible to convert that to work with an FM dipole antenna to get better reception? Such as this one. Preferably without any soldering. (I'...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Broadcasting a WiFi SSID long-distance

Which equipment would be good for broadcasting a WiFi SSID the longest possible range? We're making an orienteering race in a forest and would place a sender somewhere high over the trees, ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

will my G5RV Jr. work/tune beside the house

My house is vinyl sided with aluminum around the windows. But will the inverted vee tune? will it adversly effect the radiation pattern of the G5RV ?
2
votes
1answer
906 views

Is there a 4:1 current balun model for 4nec2?

I don't seem to be able to find the data to enter a 4:1 current balun in the 4nec2 software. Has anyone found or written one? I am building a 75 Ω fed OCFD and need to model the radiated patterns, ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

What is the impedance of a 1.25 λ dipole antenna?

I would like to make a dipole antenna. This particular antenna is used for reception only; no transmission is involved. I would like to receive as much power as possible by this antenna as it is used ...
3
votes
1answer
560 views

What determines the optimum frequency range for the transmission of signals?

What determines the optimum frequency range for the transmission of signals in a system that's transmitting electromagnetic signals between an antenna on the surface of the earth and an orbiting ...
1
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0answers
54 views

Interpreting the Friis transmission equation [duplicate]

In the Friis transmission equation, can you please explain the significance of the factor $$\left(\frac{\lambda}{4\pi R}\right)$$ and what it helps us achieve? Specifically in terms of path loss.
1
vote
3answers
185 views

Shallow underwater wireless sensor network

I need to make shallow (max 2m) underwater wireless sensor network. Data payload is about 10kB/s. I know that VLF band (~3-30kHz) could be the best solution for that, but because of time-to-market I ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

How to build the smallest directional antenna (ISM band)?

What kinds of configurations should I try when trying to make the physically smallest 2.4 GHz (ISM band) antenna that is significantly directional front-to-back. "Smallest" meaning in in cm maximum ...
0
votes
1answer
169 views

How does a multi-element vertical work?

For example, Diamond makes the X700HNA which is stated as a 4x5/8 vertical on 2m. Does this just mean that it is 20/8 wavelength long vertical? Or is there some magic to phasing the 5/8 segments? I'...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How to measure gain of an antenna?

I have dual stacked crossed yagi antenna. How can I practically measure the gain of the antenna combination? I know that this can be done in an anechoic chamber. But this is not feasible for me (...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Ferrite Rod Price Differences

We are trying to make a VLF geophysics device for our graduate project and we need two ferrite rod antennas (desired length is 6"). Searching on the internet, we have found two ferrite rod suppliers. ...
1
vote
0answers
82 views

Best frequency for very local dense building chat [closed]

Let's say everyone has general liscense classes and can erect antennas to whatever can fit on the human body. What would be the best frequency to talk locally in an area with lots of buildings and man ...
4
votes
2answers
399 views

How should I mount a mobile antenna on a vehicle with a non-conductive body?

I would like to mount a self tuning antenna, ATAS-120, matched with the FT-857D transceiver. I would like to make this pair function on an ARGO 8x8 amphibious vehicle with a polyethylene body. There ...
9
votes
3answers
6k views

What is the effect of using different number of radials with ground plane antenna

I'm new to electronics and telecommunication at all, I having trouble with understanding the difference between 2, 3 and 4 radials, as I've searched online I've learned that I can use only 1 radial(...
3
votes
2answers
493 views

70cm antenna for an apartment

I have a blind friend who can't put anything outside, and is restricted to antennas near the window in his apartment. Luckily he lives closer to the top, which helps with range a little bit. He has a ...
5
votes
2answers
9k views

What is the aperture efficiency of an antenna?

For reflector antennas, I see a number called aperture efficiency. What does it mean?
3
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1answer
1k views

Counterpoise from artificial ground vs base of antenna

I have an MFJ-934 tuner/artificial ground for my MFJ-1699 multi-band vertical (stuck on a balcony, so limited HF antenna options), and I'm wondering if there's any downside to the counterpoise ...
10
votes
4answers
892 views

How does an antenna transform impedances along its length?

If I insert some impedance (like a loading coil, or a trap) at the base of a monopole antenna, the effect on the feedpoint impedance is easy to predict: the impedance is in series with the antenna, so ...