Questions tagged [antenna]

Questions about the design, selection, building, testing, mounting, or properties of antennas. See also specific tags: [antenna-theory], [antenna-construction], [dipole], etc.

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2
votes
1answer
113 views

How can I render my 2.4GHz antenna directional?

With barely no knowledge in this field, I would like to render my antenna used with Bluetooth BLE devices more directional. I tried to shield the antenna with different kind of metals with no luck. ...
7
votes
2answers
320 views

Center frequency spike on software radio for mismatched/disconnected antenna

A while ago I was using a software radio receiver to perform some antenna analysis. I left the spectrum display on while disconnecting the cable and noticed that when the cable was disconnected I ...
2
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3answers
1k views

How to shorten the length 50 ohm characteritic impedance antenna cable

I have two 50 ohm characteristic impedance cables of which I need to shorten their length to compact my design. (put everything in to a box) The cables I need to shorten are the GPS & GSM antenna ...
3
votes
1answer
602 views

Idea for better reception in crowded city

I am living in crowed area of a city. It is impossible for me to set up an antenna outside the apartment. I receive signal inside the room. I have a funcube dongle pro+ and some RTLSDR, the picture ...
4
votes
2answers
212 views

Antenna Design for specific directions

I am designing an antenna for a device and was hoping to gain some insight in the correct design direction for the antenna. The Idea: A receiver & antenna that fits in a 6" diameter by 3" deep ...
5
votes
1answer
258 views

What is a general procedure for aligning directional antennas?

I want to establish a microwave link (1.2GHz) between two stations using antennas with a directional radiation pattern. The stations have a clear line of sight to each other. Each antenna is attached ...
6
votes
3answers
759 views

2.4 GHz Antenna for RC copter

What is the best omni-directional antenna design for any RC flying objects? Many times I've lost signal and my copter falls due to lost signal. (Using default antenna). Since the receiver and ...
6
votes
5answers
9k views

Wifi passive repeater (antenna to antenna connection)

I have two buildings. Building A has wifi (2.4GHz) infrastructure, Building B doesn't. One side of building B can pick up the wifi signal from building A. I want to passively extend the signal through ...
1
vote
1answer
138 views

Magnum 257 & Firestik 3' Tuning

Trying to tune a Firestik antenna connected to Magnum 257 on my '98 Jeep Wrangler. Having trouble with SWR reading as it is reading too high (~4) after I set needle on FWD and then switch back to REF. ...
1
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1answer
495 views

In which direction should single wire antenna in underground parking be pointed?

In our collective building lot we have an underground parking, in which a company recently changed a functional garage door system, since then the reception is a lot worse than before. (Like it doesn'...
0
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1answer
99 views

If the desired frequency is known, can an antenna tuner tune its 'x' different dimensions sequentially for maximum gain?

Assume I have rotators that are able to move an antenna in different dimensions. For example, on the x, y, and z axis. I want to automatically move the antenna to its optimal physical orientation, ...
2
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1answer
1k views

How much loss for 1 to 1.5 inch Coil (rubber ducky) Antenna at 70cm band?

1What is the likely antenna loss for this (coil hidden inside rubber ducky) 1 to 1.5 inches coil antenna, when placed vertically over 4 to 6 inches each side square ground plane as compare with a ...
3
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2answers
2k views

Adequate lightning protection for sloped dipole or G5RV?

Has anyone had experience, or knows from first principles, whether installing a G5RV or dipole BELOW a "lightning-rod" in such a manner would serve as a means of discouraging direct lightning strikes ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

How to calculate or estimate surface area of required ground plane for a mobile antenna?

I don't have conditions for installation of a fixed 2 m/70 cm antenna at home, so I'm thinking of using a mobile magnetically mounted antenna on a conductive plate instead. So my question is: What ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

What are the effects on an ATAS-120A screwdriver antenna with a limited ground plane?

I'm going to be installing an ATAS-120A screwdriver antenna at the corner of a metal roof building, without radials going out over 270 degrees of the plane it's on. Will this significantly change the ...
4
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2answers
4k views

Can I ignore the radial elements of a 2m/70cm antenna if it's on a metal roof?

I'm looking for a dual band base station antenna, and find that many of them have short radials around the base. Due to the specifics of my installation, I need to remove them. However, it is being ...
3
votes
2answers
617 views

Why isn't the mast an antenna?

A lot of "big antenna" pictures show these very tall masts being used to hold up a variety of other HF antennas. The mast itself is almost always conductive, though, and I'm wondering why they aren't ...
0
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8answers
608 views

Explain how an antenna works to an 18 year old

It's either math or magic. It seems like the only thing that will explain operation are complex formulas. If a child were to ask "how does an antenna work" what should one say, it magically changes ...
6
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2answers
471 views

How to determine if my antenna is an effective radiator?

So I build an antenna, tune it with the SWR and make it look great for a 50 ohm load. That does not determine if it is good at getting a signal out or not, it could just be a 50 ohm dummy load. ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Does a larger Biquad antenna give better results?

Consider a biquad antenna used for receiving, not for sending. They are typically built with each side having a length of $\lambda / 4$. If a biquad antenna was built with a side length of $\lambda / ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

How does a Dual Band Handheld Antenna work?

Looking to get a (highly recommended) NAGOYA NA-771 37cm "Dual band (2M/70cm) handheld antenna" for my Baofeng UV-5R. If my math is correct - this is about a half-wavelength antenna for 70cm, but ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

How do I determine which HT antenna is better based on their very similar catalogue descriptions?

I'm considering getting an after-market antenna for my new 2 m/70 cm HT and am trying to decide which of the two antennas I should get. My primary reason for considering an alternative antenna is ...
8
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3answers
2k views

What sort of radiation efficiency can one expect from a folded dipole?

It is pretty well established that folded dipoles have much greater acceptable-SWR bandwidth than ordinary dipoles. Radiation efficiency is simply the quotient of radiated power to the antenna ...
3
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1answer
1k views

recommended capacity bottom-hat clearance above metal roof

In a few days I'm expecting to mount a Cushcraft R7000 multi-band (HF) vertical antenna on top of a metal mast that will be attached to the outside wall of a large metal shed. The aim is to have the ...
9
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2answers
1k views

Why is the risk of damage to a transmitter due to a mismatched antenna at lower frequencies greater?

A quick follow-up to this answer ... If the impedance mismatch is large, you risk damaging your radio, particularly on the lower frequencies ... I'm sorry to be so dense, but uh why is the risk ...
2
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1answer
450 views

Will these wires affect antenna performance negitavely?

We moved into a new house, and I noticed these wires sticking up for some sort of tent thing for shade. •I tested the wires to the 3rd prong in the outlet, and it showed a DC dead short to ground. •...
1
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1answer
389 views

What is the best resonator in Yagi antennas?

As we saw many design for this Yagi feed point. Q1 . Which one would be the best resonator / driven? Gamma match, T-match, delta match, folded dipole, quad, loop? Q2. And what is the reason if ...
6
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4answers
528 views

Weather-proofing antenna connections

Here's a problem: you buy a fancy new vertical for a fair bit of coin, but there's no coax connector on the thing. There are just screw terminals. You need to attach coax to it, but in such a way ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How does adjusting the sleeve on antenna traps tune an antenna?

Take for example, the Hustler 4BTV. It has traps formed by an inductor, covered by a sleeve that's connected at the lower end, and the upper end is covered by a non-conductive cap: The tuning ...
2
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1answer
311 views

What is this matching technique called?

I've had this suggested to match 50 ohm coax to a lower feedpoint impedance, like a vertical, especially mobile shortened verticals. What's it called? simulate this circuit – Schematic created ...
3
votes
1answer
724 views

Closest antenna to an isotropic? [closed]

What is the closest antenna ever made to an isotropic antenna? That is, has the same gain in every direction in free space?
6
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2answers
435 views

How to increase antenna aperture?

I know that in the short wavelength region, where parabolic antennas are used, the aperture can be increased simply by making the dish larger, as is the case with the radio telescopes. But how to do ...
9
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7answers
30k views

What is a Gamma match in the context of the driven element of a Yagi antenna?

How (and why) does a Gamma match work, when used on the driven element of a Yagi antenna? As shown here: (source: http://www.iw5edi.com/ham-radio/?2-element-yagi-for-10-meters-band,49) The article ...
2
votes
2answers
129 views

Capacitance methods (antenna extensions, whole body as antenna) for receiving better

I have seen that there are times where reception isn't very good on a radio, but as soon as the hand is approached as much as possible to the antenna (with or without direct contact to the actual ...
3
votes
2answers
11k views

Spacing between elements on a Yagi antenna

Does anyone know what the spacing between elements on a beam antenna should be? I built a 146 MHz 3 element beam following instructions, and the spacing was 16" between the driven element and the ...
1
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2answers
2k views

How to make a loop antenna for HF?

While researching this answer, I came across information that indicates that a many good Low Frequency/ Very Low Frequency antennas are loops, with high directionality and good overall characteristics....
6
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1answer
283 views

How to stack circular polarised antennas

I'm interested in stacking a pair of circularly polarized "crosshair" antennas. Do I construct such as both antennas are in phase with one another then match the two signals in phase via the coax line,...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

What kind of antenna has a spiral connected to a reflector like this picture?

The description on the antenna says it is used for satellite communication, but it was taken in 1984. Is this an antenna style that is still in use? What is it called? What kind of gain should be ...
13
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4answers
3k views

Why does ice on a wire dipole affect the SWR?

We just had snow and ice overnight and my wire dipole was coated in ice. Why does the ice covering negatively affect the SWR of the antenna?
10
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1answer
2k views

How does a “chip antenna” work?

How does a tiny surface-mount "chip antenna" for the 2.x thru 5.x GHz frequency bands work? What allows such a tiny item to radiate or receive RF with some amount of efficiency? What allows a chip ...
16
votes
8answers
16k views

Are there any real advantages to an aftermarket NA-701 over the Baofeng stock antenna? [closed]

I have a Baofeng UV-5R HT radio that I have been using for about a month now and I really like it because it was very inexpensive and portable. It currently has the stock antenna on it and I have ...
12
votes
3answers
4k views

Share antenna between receiver and transceiver?

I recently put up a fan dipole for 80/40/20/10. I'm looking for a way to share this antenna with a receive-only SDR and my shack transceiver. Obviously I can just switch this antenna between the two ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Antenna Tripod for a vertical antenna

I'm considering buying a vertical HF antenna (Such as the Cushcraft R8), and a tripod antenna stand, such as the MFJ-1918, and setting it up on my back porch when I'm operating (Which won't be all of ...
1
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1answer
122 views

Comparing antenna effeciency

Let's say I have three dipoles, one is resonant at some frequency and is matched at the antenna, the second is shortened with loading coals and is also matched at the antenna, the third is shortened ...
1
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0answers
206 views

Designs for a multi band vertical/collinear antenna for the 1.9 gigahertz range [closed]

I'm starting to research building a multi-band antenna in the 1.9 gigahertz range. I see them offered on wireless routers, and they use them in cellular sites. Can anyone provide a reference or quick ...
5
votes
3answers
293 views

Why is gain used?

It always confused me why 100 watts out of your transmitter could radiate 200 watts coming from a high-gain antenna. Why is the term gain used instead of directionality?
8
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1answer
899 views

Is a VHF antenna on a vehicle's body a bad idea?

For context, I'm brand new, with nothing but an HT & 19" dual band (2m/70cm) whip on it. While I'll likely go with a magnetically mounted vertical antenna, I've been thinking of other more covert ...
8
votes
3answers
6k views

Why is the electric field orthogonal to the magnetic field from an antenna?

I've read in several places that the electric field is 90 degrees orthogonal to the magnetic field, and both are orthogonal to the direction of the wave from a transmitting antenna. What causes this? ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Antenna RX vs. TX

If I only want to receive radio signals and not transmit, are there any differences in the way I design the antenna I need to use, or is it the same either way? I was going to pick up a Realtek ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is optimal polarization different for fm as to SSB/CW

On the article "7db for 7 bucks", which is an article about building a simple three element 2M yagi, they stated that vertically polarizing the antenna is better for FM work, and horizontally ...