Questions tagged [antenna]

Questions about the design, selection, building, testing, mounting, or properties of antennas. See also specific tags: [antenna-theory], [antenna-construction], [dipole], etc.

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76 views

Antenna Type of a Chinese Antenna

Recently, I have received an antenna from one of the Chinese manufacturer and they haven't disclosed the detailed specification with us. Below is the picture of my antenna (please ignore the ...
5
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1answer
248 views

Dipole antenna radiation field equation

Can anybody provide me with an idealised formula that describes the radiation pattern of an omnidirectional dipole antenna? In particular I am interested in the formula that creates a plot similar to ...
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1answer
97 views

Is it possible to make antenna for one specific frequency?

I have a GSM Modem that works on 2300MHz Frequency (LTE), but it could only receive 3 bar of signal strength. I plan to make a DIY directional antenna that is made specifically for this Frequency ...
6
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2answers
4k views

How does a folded balun work?

A folded balun is made from two quarter-wavelength, parallel conductors. A picture is worth a thousand words: Here are some pictures of an actual construction from Gisela & Joe Noci on diydrones....
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1answer
101 views

How do I have a full signal of noise on a handheld?

I'm new to ham (although I've had a license for a long time) and I'm having issues with receiving on a basic handheld. I have a cheap BaoFeng UV-82HP and I keep getting full signal noise at random ...
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2answers
195 views

Communications : Ground wave propagation

I was studying ground wave propagation, my book writes the lines about it without explaining it. I really do not know any explanation for these queries coming in my mind. I've Googled it, and you will ...
5
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1answer
128 views

Can this 960 MHz CelWave fiberglass antenna be retuned for the 70cm band?

I recently inherited a CelWave fiberglass antenna pictured below. It is marked that it's for 959.9875 MHz. The model number appears to be either 339 or 359. It is 96 1/2 inches from base to tip. I ...
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2answers
121 views

Can I reflect a radio wave by receiving it with one antenna and then sending it back out with another?

An outside source is broadcasting an RF signal at 406 MHZ. I want to know if it's possible to receive this signal with one antenna, and then simply send the signal to another antenna that sends it ...
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2answers
437 views

If one were to add reflector elements above and below a dipole would it change the direction to horizontal?

Since adding a reflector and a director horizontally to a dipole (as in a three element Yagi) causes the beam to reflect horizontally, what should happen if reflectors above and below the dipole were ...
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6answers
1k views

While backpacking, is it worth mounting the antenna to the backpack frame (above my head)?

I am planning a trip with a large group in 6 weeks. We will be spread out in small groups on a trail in a mostly desert plateau landscape perhaps 5 miles apart, but mostly in a straight line. I'm new ...
4
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2answers
137 views

100MHz to 1000MHz Antennas for Transmit and Receive

I am building a ground and wall penetrating frequency modulated continuous wave radar. The only components that I have not been able to track down are the antennas. I need two antennas (one for ...
3
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1answer
323 views

Benefit to remote antenna tuner for end-fed non-resonant antenna?

Does addition of a remote feed-point antenna tuner affect the use of the coax braid as a radiator? If it no longer "radiates" in such a setup, what does? Is a shack or remote tuner better for ...
2
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1answer
199 views

What does co-phasing of cross-polarized antennas mean?

I was working with the 3GPP release 14.6, and it mentioned that modern communication systems have cross polarized antennas, and in order to perform beam-forming we need to co-phase our pre-coder. Pre-...
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7answers
31k views

Using a balun with a resonant dipole

I am preparing to construct a resonant, center-fed, horizontal dipole. I have seen people use baluns at the feedpoint of the antenna, and some people swear by them, but I have never gotten a ...
3
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3answers
412 views

The right antenna size

I'm preparing for the USA Technician exam and I was reading in the manual that the ideal size for a dipole is following this strange formula: 1/2-lambda. But based on what I read after, it seems it ...
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2answers
319 views

Simple antenna for an old Grundig Satellit 800

I just got my technician license, and I'm just fooling around a bit on the Grundig. I'm trying to pull in WWV from NJ, so 1st, is that possible with the radio whip? I've tried the built-in whip on 5,...
5
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3answers
455 views

Efficiency of short dipole receiving antenna

For a transmitting dipole antenna, its length is important. If it is close to half the wavelength, it will be efficient and most of the input power will be radiated. How important is the length of ...
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3answers
215 views

Will an iron chimney work well as an antenna?

There is an iron chimney near my house that is not used anymore. It is ~15 meters in length and ~0.5 meter in diameter. How good will it be as an antenna for rtl-sdr?
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4answers
781 views

Is a copper J-Pole antenna better than a Slim Jim for transmitting?

I live in a fairly sheltered valley but there are several hill-top VHF repeaters that I can receive very well. However the one repeater in particular I want to transmit to, I can't reach well. I ...
3
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1answer
302 views

Twisting copper wire for a less-flexible DIY antenna

I am making DIY antenna for a home project. The antenna is going to be "V-dipole" with leg length about 53cm. Unfortunately, I didn't find a thick copper wire, but I have a lot of thin core from tv ...
2
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3answers
203 views

Do PCB antennas suit for NOAA and ADS-B?

I saw many designs for creating DIY antennas for NOAA (~137MHz) and ADS-B (~1090MHz) but never seen it in a PCB implementation. So I have a rookie question: why nobody uses PCB antennas for such ...
2
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2answers
181 views

Choke at feed point of delta loop with Q match

I am working on putting together a 40 meter delta loop using a 1/4 wavelength of RG-6 as the matching section. However I'm unsure of where to create my feedpoint choke. Do I coil up the RG6 right at ...
13
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4answers
3k views

How does a folded dipole work?

A folded dipole is like an ordinary dipole, but with the ends extended and folded back, until they meet. Although it looks like a loop, I'm told it behaves similarly to a dipole. How does this thing ...
2
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2answers
541 views

Design and impedance matching for simple resonant loop antenna (2 GHz)

What is the best way to impedance-match a simple, resonant loop antenna (intended for transmission) to a 50 ohm amplifier? Assume that the antenna is: circular, with a circumference equal to the ...
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2answers
338 views

G5RV Jr. fed with ladder line and coax

I am a new ham and I was just given a G5RV Jr. I have about 20 feet of coax plus about 60 feet of 450 ohm ladder line I can feed it with. Can I extend the G5RV Jr. feed line with the ladder line I ...
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3answers
300 views

Mounting a J-Pole and Yagi on the same mast

I have two 2-meter antennas, a copper J-Pole and a Hy-Gain VB-25FM. The J-Pole is my all-around antenna, what I use for general 2 meter stuff like connecting to my local repeaters using my main 2-...
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12answers
12k views

How can I safely transmit without an antenna tuner or SWR meter?

Just what the title says. An Antenna Tuner, henceforth AT, is almost a de facto piece of equipment in a shack; working the bands without one is tantamount to leaping off the diving board into a ...
2
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3answers
415 views

SWR, overall, is too high

This is a sort of follow-on question from my tuners in series question. The problem I am ultimately trying to solve is this: I am using a manufactured end-fed, half-wave 40m antenna. The ...
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2answers
1k views

Is this a broadcasting antenna?

We bought an old house and found an antenna inside the attic of the house. I don't know much about antennas or radio but searching in Google I found a similarly shaped one and it describes it as a ...
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2answers
113 views

True near field distance for a short monopole antenna?

Antenna properties: Height x Diameter = 3.3 inches x 1.4 inches Test Frequency: 900 MHz (Wavelength = 33 cm or 13 inches) I see some conflicting formulas to calculate the near field distance for ...
17
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3answers
2k views

What is a “random wire antenna”?

Some antenna tuners claim to match any “random wire” to any HF frequency. Can one really use a random wire as a practical antenna system? From everything I have heard, the resonance of the antenna (...
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1answer
75 views

Improving coverage of AIS receiving station

I have just set up my first AIS receiving station with compliments of Marinetraffic.com. They have supplied me with a Comar SLR350Ni receiver and a http://www.sirioantenne.it/en/products/vhf/gp-3-e ...
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2answers
761 views

Vertical antenna on HF?

What are some of the advantages and disadvantages of using a vertical antenna on high frequency? Are there any better antenna types that I should use?
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4answers
311 views

Why does not a bigger antenna receive more power?

According to http://www.antenna-theory.com/basics/aperture.php, the power received by an antenna depends on the power density of the incoming wave, the wave length (which I consider to be fixed) and ...
10
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2answers
4k views

Conductive boom vs non conductive boom: what's the difference on a Yagi?

I designed a Yagi antenna using 4nec2, assuming that I would use a non conductive boom. If I use an aluminum boom but I insulate the elements from the boom, can I keep the same design? How does it ...
5
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2answers
4k views

Can I use a CB antenna with a ham radio?

I just passed General and purchased a FT-450D with an internal antenna tuner. While my ultimate plan is to use a G5RV, it will be a while before I can get it up. What modifications would I need to ...
4
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2answers
2k views

Ideal antenna type for FM 2 meters?

Clearly, building a Yagi tuned for 2 meters will likely have the best directional performance. Putting that aside, I'm trying to get information on what antenna type will have the best overall ...
5
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5answers
256 views

Signal path to maximize RFI rejection in an urban environment

Urban ham here (Cambridge, MA - FN42ki - KC1JZE) looking for tips to make this hobby possible in the city. I rarely can hear both sides of HF phone transmissions, and have yet to make contacts despite ...
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1answer
89 views

Why would a nearby antenna cause intermittent transmission?

I'm having an issue with some handheld transmitters, and not sure if they're bad, or the newly-installed antenna is bad, or if this even makes sense. I've been using a handheld Icom aviation radio (...
23
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4answers
8k views

What is the relationship between SWR and receive performance?

If an antenna analyzer shows 1:1, does that mean it's an ideal receiver as well? And what about the converse, will a well performing receive antenna show a 1:1 SWR? I've wondered this for a while, ...
4
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1answer
402 views

DAB antenna in roof space

We are setting out our roof-space as an attic, and after decorating, there will be a triangular void under the house ridge, which will be about 36" wide, and 18" high. I can easily fit a standard ...
2
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1answer
120 views

What type of this antenna is it?

Could you please tell me which kind of this antenna is? I supposed it is a modified dipole, but not quite sure. Is there any available equation for calculating the original dimensions of this type of ...
2
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1answer
88 views

Is it possible to get a set of radios that will work 10 Miles in suburbs? [duplicate]

I don’t have much experience with radios, but I was wondering if it would possible to have two CB or GMRS radios that will connect to each other over 8-12 Miles og distance? My budget is about $175. ...
2
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2answers
108 views

4G extension cable and antenna height?

I have recently bought a 4g Sim Card Router (TP-Link mr6400) and a 4g exterior LTE Antenna. With testing I have now doubled my connection speed. To go one step further, I am looking at the possibility ...
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1answer
76 views

What does an antenna range really mean?

When I hear that a base camp antenna has a range of 15-50 Miles does that mean it could reach a radio with a small antenna within that range, or that it would need to reach a radio with the same ...
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2answers
154 views

Could I expect 12 mile range with the GXT1000VP4 radios?

I’m considering buying a Midland GXT1000VP4 radio set from amazon here: https://www.amazon.com/dp/B001WMFYH4/ref=cm_sw_r_cp_api_6BfmBbBQZ5VBY In Suburban Pennsylvania how much range could I expect ...
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4answers
356 views

Is there any downside to consolidating on BNC connectors for HF?

I'm new to ham and quickly finding that the new and old equipment I'm accumulating at an alarming rate has an equally alarming array of connectors: UHF PL-259 BNC SMA Type N Is there any downside to ...
4
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1answer
134 views

Two way ham radio to communicate between two stations

Apologies if this not the right place for this question. I'm into electronics and now endeavouring into radios and communications. Unfortunately I'm not sure what terms to use to find what I'm ...
2
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1answer
387 views

Current flow in a coaxial cable

I was wondering how the current flows in a coaxial cable. Say for instance that the inner conductor transfers the signal, so there flows a current. How will in the outer conductor(shield), flow a ...
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2answers
105 views

Removing the whip on a 2m/70cm antenna makes no difference

Today I was trying to measure the SWR of a new aerial on my car which has 3 loading coils. Whilst doing this I took the whip out on the top to see how drastically I might have needed to cut the ...