Questions tagged [antenna]

Questions about the design, selection, building, testing, mounting, or properties of antennas. See also specific tags: [antenna-theory], [antenna-construction], [dipole], etc.

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1answer
56 views

multiple pcb trace antennas in the same design. Bad idea?

Since time is money and my PCB home making skills are not the sharpest, I would rather fit my PCB design with two unbalanced antennas (no balun, just impedance matching parts, for 315 / 433 MHz) for ...
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2answers
185 views

Mounting a vertical antenna on a fiberglass mast

I have a multiband SE-X80 HF vertical antenna which works ok from 20 meters to 10 meters with a tuner. It is attached to the railings of my apartment balcony at the moment. This is the antenna : https:...
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3answers
205 views

Is this true about ferrite loop antennas?

There is an article on wikipedia about loop antennas. It shows like an AM radio's antenna with the ferrite rod and says this: This greater conductance channels thousands of times more magnetic power ...
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2answers
81 views

Broadband dipole with no standing waves?

If a diode or directional coupler is fitted at the outer ends of the elements of a dipole, would this stop current reflected from the ends and so result in no standing wave on the antenna ? It can't ...
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1answer
71 views

Does antenna Q cause distortion?

Everyone knows that a 1/2 λ dipole has on the elements a standing wave the voltage and current of which are a bit less than 90° out of phase with each other, and the departure of this phase difference ...
2
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2answers
141 views

Why do ham radio operators say that a full wave dipole isn't resonant?

Every reputable antenna book that I've read says that dipole antennas are resonant at integer multiples of a half wave length. Wikipedia describes resonance as: the phenomenon of increased amplitude ...
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2answers
41 views

Sealing connection between mobile antenna and mount

I've got a brass mount installed on my car which has a 3/8-24 socket. All the antennas I'm looking at seem to have stainless steel connectors. Is packing the connection between antenna and mount with ...
3
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2answers
192 views

Why does beamforming bring more power to the received desired signal?

Consider a normal array model with $N$ element. The output of the array is given by, $$\mathbf{y}=\mathbf{w}^H\mathbf{x}=\mathbf{w}^H\mathbf{as}$$ where $\mathbf{a}=[a_1,...,a_N]^T=\in\mathbb{C}^{N\...
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2answers
69 views

Does a NVIS antenna have to be exactly below the maximum NVIS frequency to have NVIS characteristics?

For example if the maximum NVIS frequency is 5 MHz in a given region, would a NVIS antenna have to be resonant at less than 5 MHz to have NVIS propagation characteristics or can it be slightly above ...
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1answer
571 views

Antenna relay switch design

I want to build a generic multi-antenna switch using relays. Many projects on the web have done this but the relays have silver contacts. This would be fine if I were to transmit to all antennas so ...
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1answer
110 views

What type of antenna are these?

On top of a mountain in south Salt Lake City, Utah there are many antennas. What are these curly ones?
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2answers
2k views

Ideal antenna type for FM 2 meters?

Clearly, building a Yagi tuned for 2 meters will likely have the best directional performance. Putting that aside, I'm trying to get information on what antenna type will have the best overall ...
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5answers
1k views

How do VHF antennas compensate for change in frequency in Frequency Modulation?

I would like to understand how antennas specifically, compensate for variability in the frequency while receiving FM waves in VHF. The way FM works is that the receiver system - receiver and antenna ...
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2answers
93 views

Why is there so little difference in the gains of Yagi Uda antennas with omnidirectional antennas? Shouldn't the power at the back be at the front?

Consider an omnidirectional antenna with X dBi gain. Intuitively I understand that the power that would have been dispersed in now-dead directions is directed around the antenna. What I don't get is ...
3
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2answers
309 views

Fan dipole with loading coil(s)?

There seem to be plenty of construction articles on center-fed wire fan dipoles with pairs of arms of different lengths, each pair dimensioned for a different band (e.g. half-wave 80M+40M+20M). Would ...
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5answers
542 views

Grounding a vertical antenna from a balcony

I have a multiband vertical antenna mounted onto the railings of my balcony apartment high up on the 6th floor of an apartment building. The antenna is not grounded. This antenna comes without radials....
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3answers
80 views

SWR erratic based on time of day

I have an odd issue - SWR swings wildly, like a loose connection (there are no loose connections), on 17 and 15 M, only mid-afternoon local. I have made contacts as far as Japan (from central NC) at ...
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1answer
112 views

Do you need to analyse the SWR of your radio repeatedly? Or periodically? If so, Why?

Let us assume that I have an adjustable antenna, between 160m - 6m. And let's also assume that using an antenna analyser I have estimated the SWR for that antenna for a specific frequency. If my ...
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4answers
293 views

I'm looking for an effective beam antenna for both 20 meters and 10 meters

My favorite HF bands are 20 meters and 10 meters. I am currently using a multiband vertical antenna, but really it's not so great for DX'ing. I am looking for a good upgrade. I'm still learning alot ...
3
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0answers
55 views

Is this author correct about using a λ/2 of wire for a coil to get the proper delay on a λ/2 collinear antenna?

Is this author correct about using a λ/2 of wire for a coil to get the proper delay on a λ/2 collinear antenna? Improving the Super-J August 5, 2012 by John S. Huggins I agree with him that there has ...
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1answer
149 views

UV-5R High Gain Antenna Performance

My Baofeng UV-5R came with a shorter 6.5” antenna and a “high gain” 15.3” RH-771 antenna. In your experience, how much of a difference in range does the use of the longer antenna achieve?
3
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3answers
4k views

Choke at antenna and feedpoint?

I'm planning on putting up a G5RV. From the ladder line I connect 5m coax to the shack; would it be worth doing a common mode current choke at both the antenna feedpoint and the coax feedpoint? (I ...
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0answers
41 views

Troubleshooting range on Lora Radio

I am using these Adafruit LoRa radio microcontrollers: M0 radio paired with these parts to make up the antenna system: antenna connector cable And for some reason I am unable to get much further than ...
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2answers
364 views

What gauge of winding wire will be "invisible" but sturdy as an antenna?

I plan to build a receive-only longwire/Beverage antenna. The wire will be at least 40m/120' long and strewn at about 7m/21' above ground. Tried "regular" thin insulated wire but it was an ...
3
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1answer
169 views

Can I use electrical ground / earth as my RF ground?

I live on a high floor in an apartment block and have a radial-free multi-band vertical antenna attached to my terrace railing. This is the antenna : https://www.thunderpole.co.uk/amateur-radio-...
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2answers
117 views

Is there such thing as a center-fed longwire?

I want to make a longwire/Beverage receive antenna that will work on a wide range of bands (80-10m or wider). I've got a place where I can put a wire of at least 50m/150'. The only problem is — the ...
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4answers
2k views

Is a copper J-Pole antenna better than a Slim Jim for transmitting?

I live in a fairly sheltered valley but there are several hill-top VHF repeaters that I can receive very well. However the one repeater in particular I want to transmit to, I can't reach well. I ...
3
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3answers
1k views

Mounting a J-Pole and Yagi on the same mast

I have two 2-meter antennas, a copper J-Pole and a Hy-Gain VB-25FM. The J-Pole is my all-around antenna, what I use for general 2 meter stuff like connecting to my local repeaters using my main 2-...
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2answers
427 views

baofeng UV-5RA has issues with j-pole

I have a baofeng UV-5RA which doesn't seem to receive properly with my j-pole antenna. my dad's radio (same model, different firmware) receives without a problem, so it's a radio issue. if I go into ...
8
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3answers
750 views

How would I calculate antenna gain?

The concept of antenna gain is pretty important for calculation of link budget and is something I've had contact with. I know that it tells me how focused the waves emitted by the antenna are and I ...
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2answers
49 views

Generally speaking what might one expect from a J-pole based on PVC covered in tinned braid? [closed]

Would the skin effect provide benefits or would capacitance/inductance cause problems?
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0answers
29 views

Titan antenna VSWR and radio problem

I just installed a new Titan DX antenna and I am using psk31 with fldigi. When I transmit on 20m at 14072, the SWR is 1.65 and it shuts off my computer and the radio keeps transmitting. However, on ...
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3answers
115 views

Can ham radio antennas interfere with RING devices, causing them to produce high-pitched noise? [closed]

Can a HUGE ham radio antenna on a house with an array of RING devices (5 in total) cause interference and high-frequency reverberation? The attached shows one of these devices (there's 2 under the ...
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2answers
87 views

Isolated linearly loaded antenna?

Is there a name or common descriptive term for a linearly loaded dipole or end-fed, where a (near) parallel loading element or elements are not connected (galvanically isolated) to the fed element or ...
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0answers
177 views

Hardened UHF Antennas

Minuteman missile silos used an interesting hardened UHF antenna. What kind of antenna is this? Does anyone have a drawing with a cross section? Edit: Jay Moore added a picture to a different type of ...
4
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4answers
181 views

3D Printed yagi antenna

I'm trying to produce a Yagi antenna for the 2.45 GHz band using a 3D dual extruder printer. The idea is to print the antenna elements using a metal filament and encasing it all in plastic. The ...
2
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1answer
97 views

When to use air dielectric cables for antenna installation

I'm putting up antennas on a tower, and have a couple of 7/8" cables style on hand. One is Hj5-50 air dielectric cable and the other AVA5-50 "Virtual Air" cable. I notice that the HJ5 ...
1
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2answers
1k views

Can I connect a 75 ohm antenna to a 50 ohm radio?

I have been looking for an affordable yagi antenna to use with a dual band handheld radio and I came across some very inexpensive VHF/UHF (HDTV) antennas. They are all 75 ohm though. Is it ok to use a ...
2
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2answers
348 views

What do radials really do for a vertical antenna?

I have read everything I can find about monopole (vertical antenna) radials, and also watched many YouTube videos that touch on the topic. I see conflicting information about what they do, where a ...
2
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2answers
84 views

How to compute the efficency of an omnidirectional antenna from its gain?

Some antennas have very limited specifications with no stated efficiency. For example, this antenna has the following specifications: Frequency Band 902-928 MHz VSWR <2.0:1 Impedance 50 Ω Gain ...
3
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1answer
105 views

Yagi antenna isolation from other Yagi antennas

I have multiple Yagi antennas horizontally polarized. They are all placed in closed proximity at the same height horizontally and operating in a similar frequency. The yagis are 2.45GHz, bluetooth ...
4
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3answers
620 views

Measurement of antenna with VNA does not match its specs

I have a NanoVNA V2 Plus (50kHz - 3GHz) and decided to test my LoRa antennas: an unknown antenna delivered with a LoRaWAN gateway (RAK831) a 868Mhz antenna from Linx Technologies (ANT-868-OC-LG-RPS) ...
4
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1answer
119 views

How does a loopstick antenna actually receive signal?

Around 1970, I acquired a little transistor radio (powered by 4xAA cells, 6V) that had no external antenna. Inside the back panel (which opened to allow replacing the battery cells) one could see the ...
6
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5answers
9k views

Shortwave Antenna Listening with Portable Receiver Like TECSUN PL-660?

I have a Tecsun PL-660 (link is to the manual) has the usual AM/FM radio telescoping internal antenna, and a 1/8th-inch jack for an external shortwave antenna. There appears to be no facility for ...
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2answers
115 views

Can a smartphone with single antenna receive signals modulated by different schemes

I am working on a system whereby a smartphone may receive signals simultaneously from different sources. As we know, the fading and pathloss will make the transmitters send their traffic with ...
2
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2answers
191 views

How much dB gain do you need from an LNA in front of an antenna for great low-signal reception from satellites in the 2m and 70cm bands?

We are building a multi-stage LNA for a TR module we are building in the 144MHz and 440MHz range. This LNA we are considering (Qorvo QPL9547) provides about 22dB gain in the 2m and about 27dB in the ...
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2answers
92 views

At near-QRP levels should I include a balun/unun in the antenna system? [duplicate]

To my comprehension a BALUN/UNUN is an RF Transformer. If this is correct and since a BALUN/UNUN is part of the antenna system ... how much power does one expect to lose there? Specifically, how much ...
8
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6answers
8k views

Can you use a satellite dish for a ham radio antenna?

Can I use a satellite dish as a ham radio antenna? I was thinking that because there are two unused, working satellite dishes that have all appropriate wires attached conveniently to the roof of my ...
3
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2answers
87 views

Ground plane reflects RF or brings it to ground

I'm still confused with the purpose of a ground plane purpose in an antenna. My understanding is this. If an antenna is perfectly balanced, there will be no common-mode currents going to ground. If an ...
6
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4answers
3k views

Can an HF antenna be put inside a tree?

There are some trees around with branchy tops that seem wider than half of 10M, maybe even half of 20M, and above the nearby rooftops. Can a wire dipole or a vertical be mounted inside a tree? If so,...

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