# Questions tagged [antenna]

Questions about the design, selection, building, testing, mounting, or properties of antennas. See also specific tags: [antenna-theory], [antenna-construction], [dipole], etc.

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314 views

### Antenna suggestions for 160m band in smallish yard?

I have a decent-sized but not huge yard (roughly 50x100' / 15x30m) and I'd like to get on the 160-metre band. It's hard enough to get out on this band so I'm looking to do something reasonably ...
14k views

### Why do folded dipoles have greater bandwidth than ordinary resonant dipoles?

This is something I've read in passing, but never encountered an explanation of why. For example, Wikipedia says: Another common place one can see dipoles is as antennas for the FM band; these are ...
65 views

### impedance matching with window twinlead

Question from new ham here, regarding ways of matching impedances between a feedline and an antenna. Is it possible to fashion a broadband HF impedance matcher from a length of windowed twinlead, in ...
2k views

### Balun and tuner configuration for multiband dipole

I'm putting up a multiband dipole in some tall trees. (Perhaps it's more correct to call it a "dipole-doublet"). The situation I'm imagining looks like this: The legs of the antenna are each 100 ...
54 views

### What is the formula for coupling between non-parallel wires?

I want to solve the equations for wire antennas where the wires are not all parallel. The classic method for parallel wires is to compute the magnetic potential at points on one wire due to current ...
346 views

### Any reason not to choose a discone antenna over a Wide/ MultiBand mobile antenna for TX/RX operations

We are setting up a all-band radio in an emergency com center that's intended most for amateur band use, but since its' for emergency use will also be used in the public safety bands; (150-170)MHz, (...
38 views

### On a horizontally setup 20m delta loop I am looking to determine the calculations for the proper length of a feed wire

Base of loop will be about 6 feet above ground. RG-8 or 213 will be used for the feed wire. Ugly balun as well.
92 views

### Antenna Basics - Open/Short Circuit & Half-Duplex/Full-Duplex

I am beginner in the Antenna theory and I have a few basic questions. Please help me to clarify my understandings related to the basics which I have read. And this question has 3 basic questions. ...
32k views

### What is a Gamma match in the context of the driven element of a Yagi antenna?

How (and why) does a Gamma match work, when used on the driven element of a Yagi antenna? As shown here: (source: http://www.iw5edi.com/ham-radio/?2-element-yagi-for-10-meters-band,49) The article ...
149 views

### Determining one exact antenna length for a whole band (e.g. FM/AM broadcast, Bluetooth and others)

How does a single FM antenna length work in the entire FM frequency band range, when there are theories which state that the antenna size should always be close to wavelength/4 for proper reception &...
176 views

### Using a trap out of its resonance frequency?

I have a vertical antenna, about 7M total length, with a loading coil at 6M height. This is just because aluminium tubing is sold in 6 meter lengths. The loading coil is used to make it resonate at 7....
4k views

### How does a folded dipole work?

A folded dipole is like an ordinary dipole, but with the ends extended and folded back, until they meet. Although it looks like a loop, I'm told it behaves similarly to a dipole. How does this thing ...
30k views

### Is there a simple, DIY, antenna suitable for HF receive only?

So the antenna I'm thinking about doing might be* way too large for my property. Is there another simple, cheap, DIY antenna I could try on my receiver? I know I'm going to want to hook it up and ...
120 views

### Grounding for lightning safety - upper floor (UHF/microwave antennas)

I have some UHF, microwave antennas and an antenna rotator on a roof mounted mast. The "radio room" is in the second floor just below the antennas. Also the service entrance for building electricity ...
355 views

### What is the best type of feedline for a base UHF VHF ground plane antenna with a distance of around 50-75 feet of coax?

I'm going to be putting up a Comet GP6 UHF/VHF Ground Plane Antenna. It will be chimney mounted to a mast, and the total height is around 40 ft. The upper half of the chimney starts at the first ...
1k views

### Broadcasting a WiFi SSID long-distance

Which equipment would be good for broadcasting a WiFi SSID the longest possible range? We're making an orienteering race in a forest and would place a sender somewhere high over the trees, ...
2k views

### Can you use a satellite dish for a ham radio antenna?

Can I use a satellite dish as a ham radio antenna? I was thinking that because there are two unused, working satellite dishes that have all appropriate wires attached conveniently to the roof of my ...
145 views

### Space Requirements

As I progress in my path to getting a ham license I notice that a lot of radio enthusiasts avidly talk about their radio shacks (or do they call it cabins?). Do I need that much space to start? Do I ...
67 views

### Setting up an Outdoor Antenna

If I would buy a ham radio with an outdoor antenna, what would I need to do to make it work (e.g can I just stick it outside) especially because I live in Miami and Miami doesn't exactly have the best ...
115 views

### Can I use a 1/4 wave decoupling stub to enable mounting of a vertical yagi on a metal pole?

My understanding is that the ground plane radials used on, for example, a free standing 5/8 wave 10 m vertical antenna mounted on a metal pole, are actually 1/4 wave length decoupling stubs, the ...
211 views

### Designing a helical antenna for a dish

I'm interested in a dish antenna with an axial mode helical feed for receiving video. My target frequency is about 1280 MHz or the 1.2/1.3GHz range. I've been able to figure out helical basics, like ...
108 views

### Why can't we use a simple wire for receiving 2.4 GHz signals?

I wanted to build a small drone of my own as a hobby project. My old drones were broken so I wanted to salvage as much as I could to build a small indoor one. I wanted to use an Arduino, however, I am ...
7k views

### Shortwave Antenna Listening with Portable Receiver Like TECSUN PL-660?

I have a Tecsun PL-660 (link is to the manual) has the usual AM/FM radio telescoping internal antenna, and a 1/8th-inch jack for an external shortwave antenna. There appears to be no facility for ...
671 views

### Why does an “electrically small” antenna have narrow bandwidth?

Reading this interesting piece on magnetic loop antennas, the author explains that a magnetic loop has great efficiency even at small size, but the the price you pay is very narrow bandwidth. Why is ...
68 views

### Why do some 1/2 wave collinear designs have a 1/4 wave element?

I think I understand the basic principles of a collinear antenna. How the Coaxial Collinear Antenna Works? seems to describe it well. However, I've just repaired a 1090MHz (ADS-B receive only) ...
120 views

### Is “coil loading” a type of impedance match?

If I have a too short dipole, or vertical, I can add a coil to lenghten in electrically. But it's my understanding that I could also do this with any other kind of match: given the complex impedance ...
72 views

### What kind of antenna for an automatic high bands monitoring station?

I would like to monitor NCDXF beacons, and WSPR. What kind of antenna would be good for reception in the bands of 6, 10, 12, 15, 17 and 20M? Some antennas I considered: A trapped dipole, with traps ...
814 views

### Impedance matching between antenna and load - Theory and Practice?

I'm trying to do impedance matching between my PCB antenna and my circuit. My PCB antenna has a measured impedance of 49.4 - j8.1 ohms. The operating frequency is 915 MHz. The goal of matching is to ...
22k views

### How does a mag mount antenna achieve a ground plane?

I've been thinking for some time about magnet mount mobile antennas and wondering how they establish their ground plane. Consider that many mag mount antennas have some kind of protective coating on ...
43 views

### Connecting Directional Antenna To Two Antenna Ports on NIC

I want my n/ac Wi-Fi card to operate in a spatially directional manner. To achieve that I want to use a directional antenna(s). There is a slight complication though, because my Alfa AWUS036ACH ...
162 views

### Magnetic loop antenna : loops vs selectivity

I've built 2-turn magnetic loop RX antenna using 5 meters of 6.5mm copper tube. I was able to tune it with a variable air-spaced capacitor in the range of 1.8-10Mhz, but I noticed that as tuning ...
65 views

### I have a hf vertical antenna I'd like to put on my high-rise balcony

If I mount an HF vertical antenna at say a 45 degree angle to avoid a balcony ceiling, what do you suppose might happen?
255 views

### What is the radiation pattern of an ~60 foot end fed wire antenna used for 40 meters?

I live in a retirement center. The rule here is āNever do anything anywhere at anytime.ā That translates to āNo Antennasā which I have been told means I can put out an antenna as long as it is ...
90 views

### Loop on ground for transmit?

If a large horizontal loop antenna, insulated but laying at ground level, works as an MF and low HF receive antenna, why (even though it has very high ground losses) can't it be used for transmit (to ...
1k views

### Efficiency of short dipole receiving antenna

For a transmitting dipole antenna, its length is important. If it is close to half the wavelength, it will be efficient and most of the input power will be radiated. How important is the length of ...
257 views

### Coax fed dipole: shield goes to one side, yet is grounded via chassis line to Earth

Suppose I have a coax-fed half-wave dipole antenna. The coax shield goes to one side of the antenna, the center conductor to the other side. The transceiver's chassis is connected (via the coax ...
137 views

### Optimal length of HT antenna for VHF UHF and diminishing return

I see folding antennas of various lengths that people are using for for their HT. My question is about the optimal length. I know it may "depend" on many factors so let me know if I need to provide ...
89 views

### How to model my rooftop vertical on 4NEC2?

A few months ago I built a coil loaded vertical, and put it on my rooftop. My roof is made of corrugated metal, so I connected GND to it, to act as a ground plane (or is it a counterpoise?). With some ...
144 views

I am making an AM radio with the specifications of: Part 1. Design a circuit with an antenna for tuning your receiver to a signal of a specific carrier radio frequency so that you can select a certain ...
2k views

### How to receive a signal from multiple sources simultaneously (helical antenna)

I'm working on a system (theoretical at the moment) whereby I wish to receive data from multiple sources all transmitting at the same time. I've read that a helical antenna is capable of this. I'm ...
4k views

### How do Handheld antennas work without ground?

Dipoles have the 2 wires going to each leg of the antenna completing the circuit. Big AM towers use the second wire as a ground plane But how to handheld rigs transmit and recieve with just one wire ...
94 views

### What is happening in a gutter “antenna”?

can you explain me what is happening with RF in a iron gutter? I've tried to simulate with nec2, but I'm just a beginner and doesn't really know all the parameters to come close to reality. This is ...
369 views

### Bandwidth, Q-factor, Radiation Eff calculations

Is it possible to give approximate answers about what an antenna is capable of? There are a lot of formulas out there, but every single one I found is based on actual measurement; input, output, SWR ...
77 views

### 144/430 MHz antenna on 155 MHz?

We have a local radio shop that started selling us Relm P150s with a high gain 9 inch antenna, and those are ok. He also has thrown in longer 15 to 14 inch dual band antennas saying use those in ...
6k views

### Conductive boom vs non conductive boom: what's the difference on a Yagi?

I designed a Yagi antenna using 4nec2, assuming that I would use a non conductive boom. If I use an aluminum boom but I insulate the elements from the boom, can I keep the same design? How does it ...
133 views

### Working satellite on 2 meters, at what arc distance to sun (center) will noise floor be problematic to a disruption of a communication path?

Is there some simple utility, or published set of charts, or suite of formulae, where one can approach the situation by inputting a space weather summary, (sunspots, various indexes, etc), the receive ...
169 views

### Short low dipole, better if horizontal or vertical?

Say I have a shortened HF dipole (with significant inductive loading and/or capacitive hats), and can only mount it very close to ground level (but not touching), over lossy ground, and with no ...
91 views

### 4:1 Balun question

With an OCF dipole, does it matter which leg, short or long, is connected to which side of the 4:1 balun, hot(coax center) or shield? How can you tell which is which, the balun is not marked. Thank ...
4k views

### Does mounting a ground plane antenna upside down change the takeoff angle?

A typical gain pattern for a quarter wave ground plane antenna is: Image from a similar question and see watermark. For a situation where the signals of interest are below the antenna in elevation (...