Questions tagged [antenna]

Questions about the design, selection, building, testing, mounting, or properties of antennas. See also specific tags: [antenna-theory], [antenna-construction], [dipole], etc.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Marine VHF whip antennae - what are they?

For marine VHF (156~162 MHz), the most commonly used antenna is a 1/2-wave dipole or a collinear array in the form of a fibreglass rod. Collinear arrays are used to increase gain in some antennas. ...
5
votes
3answers
546 views

Tiger Tail + capacitive coupling… what's the interaction?

I've been working on a 2m setup for hiking. My goal is to have the best possible antenna that can be used while walking, and that won't get damaged if I walk under a low branch or some other forest ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

What is the radiation pattern of an EH antenna?

I haven't been able to find NEC cards or pictures of radiations patterns. I'm used to seeing them as polar diagrams, however, the only description I've gotten is "[t]he modification of the loop ...
7
votes
4answers
175 views

Antenna options for a 10x20m property with a large metal roof?

I live in a house that sits in the middle of the city, in a lot 10x20m in size. The first 6x10m are covered by a metal roof with a rather low angle (IIRC only 50cm difference between the highest and ...
2
votes
2answers
128 views

Beamwidth of omni-directional antenna with gain

I am looking to buy a wifi antenna for a boat to connect to shore based wireless hotspots that may be "far" away. Due to the waves, I am assuming that the antenna mast sways +-15° from vertical. The ...
7
votes
4answers
166 views

Real world performance of magnetic loop antennas?

I was investigating about magnetic loop antennas. In a paper about them I found some bold claims: and This almost sounds too good to be true, considering a lot of us hams are surronded by city noise ...
6
votes
4answers
407 views

Weather-proofing antenna connections

Here's a problem: you buy a fancy new vertical for a fair bit of coin, but there's no coax connector on the thing. There are just screw terminals. You need to attach coax to it, but in such a way ...
6
votes
2answers
394 views

Multiband vertical antenna not working as expected

I built a vertical out of a 5M aluminium pipe. It tunes fine (and wide!) on 20M. I decided to add a loading coil to operate it on 40M, and it also worked fine, albeit not so wide. While I was at it, I ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

What are the effects of a ground plane under a horizontal dipole?

What are the effects on signal propagation if this ground plane is just a metal object and what are the effects if the ground plane is actually grounded? I am asking this question because someone ...
3
votes
2answers
713 views

Does a receiving antenna need radials?

I am very new to radio and am using two 433MHz 1/4 wavelength monopole antennas to send and receive data. On the transmitting antenna I'm going to add radials (as it is the standard in my application)...
5
votes
2answers
118 views

Is there any practical advantage to a parabolic reflector over a high-gain beam antenna?

I've been looking at options for a high-gain directional antenna recently, and I've noted that there are commercially available parabolic antennae for the shorter bands -- specifically 70 cm, with an ...
8
votes
4answers
206 views

Why are there differences in antennas that depend on electrical component and magnetic component of a radio wave?

I understand the idea that when we are targeting the electrical component of the radio waves we need to have some form of a linear conductor that receives the electrical component, this creates a ...
19
votes
3answers
3k views

Can I build a radio telescope out of a parabolic TV satellite dish?

I have the possibility to buy a very inexpensive 2.4m parabolic satellite dish and I would like to build a radio telescope from it. Originally this dish was designed to be a satellite TV antenna. ...
2
votes
1answer
625 views

Difference between antennas for Wi-Fi vs. ham repeaters

I understand that Wi-Fi transmits on 2.4 GHz or 5 GHz whereas local ham repeaters transmit around 147 MHz or 450 MHz. What differences would be needed in antennas tuning into either of these ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Should I run RG8x / mini8 zip tied to a cat 5e ethernet cable?

I'm running a feed line from the end of my amplifier to the antenna for HF transmissions. I'm using RG8x / mini 8. There's an existing pathway through my house I'd like to use that has a cat 5e ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

SWR characteristic changes when lifting coax off the ground?

I was at Anaheim HRO and few guys there were talking about an MFJ all band vertical antenna that does not need radials. I forget what model number it is but it is one of those "wife pleasing antennae" ...
1
vote
3answers
185 views

Do I have to disconnect antennas during thunderstorms?

lightning damage can be extensive and costly, its even life-threatening. If I have properly grounded the equipment and have a Surge protection device, do I have to disconnect the antennas during the ...
1
vote
2answers
67 views

Will close-loop metal hangers affect antenna radiation?

I'm working on a kite-supported antenna for an 80m QRP rig -- to be flown at beaches, on mountaintops, and possibly other places where I want to work HF but don't want to lug poles or give up ...
2
votes
3answers
95 views

Weakly directive VHF/UHF antenna

Most resources around the internel discuss common antena types, classifying them between directive (like Yagi) and nondirective (like a simple dipole). Directive antennas are good when you know from ...
4
votes
2answers
947 views

My Baofeng UV-5RV2+ will receive a signal with rubber duck antenna but not with a new Nagoya

I bought my self a Baofeng UV-5RV2+ as an inexpensive way to introduce myself to the world of ham radio. With all of the stock components everything has been working fine. I wanted to try to increase ...
3
votes
2answers
81 views

Determining whether signal meets the 12 dB SINAD voltage

The specification for a certain radio receiver says: Typically 12dB SINAD NBFM for 0.15uV at 145MHz. If I understand correctly, this means that the received radio wave should have a voltage level of ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

How to best connect an FM transmitting GPIO pin to an antenna?

I'm trying to use a RaspberryPi3 as a FM transmitter, using pifm and/or PiFmRds to send audio in 88-108 MHz band. The RPi can then use the GPIO-4 pin to transmit between ...
1
vote
2answers
90 views

What is the best type of feedline for a base UHF VHF ground plane antenna with a distance of around 50-75 feet of coax?

I'm going to be putting up a Comet GP6 UHF/VHF Ground Plane Antenna. It will be chimney mounted to a mast, and the total height is around 40 ft. The upper half of the chimney starts at the first ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Passive receiver power needs & data rate

I'm working on a project to design a space-based low frequency array. It will only be receiving signals, and it will operate between 10MHz - 100MHz. It is made of short wave crossed dipole antennas. I ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

Low mass, low frequency transmission line

I'm interested in a low frequency (10 MHz - 100 MHz) radio receiver array, made up of crossed dipole antennas. I'm working on a design project mainly focused on the mechanical engineering side of ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

why is 3rd order intermodulation for 2110-2155 = 1710-1755?

Trying to calculate 3rd order intermodulation for a frequency range (2110 to 2155). I know the answer is 1710 to 1755, but I don't know how to get there. attempts: ...
1
vote
1answer
274 views

What is the equation for the arm lengths of a half wavelength dipole antenna?

I was operating under the impression that the arm length of a half dipole antenna is λ/4 while making one that operated at the 145Mhz frequency using a piece of 9.525 mm (3/8 inch) copper tubing, at a ...
2
votes
3answers
355 views

Maximum Thickness for NMO Mounting Surface?

How thick can the metal be for a common NMO antenna mount? I know they're meant for sheet metal but can they go as thick as 1/4"? Edited to add: By "common", I mean NOT the ones designed for extra ...
5
votes
3answers
385 views

Mounting my antenna

I just bought a CB and mounted it in my truck. I ran my antenna to the back and was going to stick it to my tool box but it turns out to be aluminum, so I'm thinking of bolting a metal plate to the ...
5
votes
2answers
65 views

Effective Area of Dipole Array

I'm trying to design a low frequency dipole interferometer antenna array. I am realizing how little I know about radio antennae. I'm confused by the concept of effective area $A_e$ and how it applies ...
6
votes
2answers
77 views

distance between shack and antenna

I am putting a 40m antenna in my attic and I was wondering would it be safe to have a shack in the room right below the attic (10ft of coax or less) or should I have my shack in the basement/ground ...
2
votes
2answers
99 views

What's the earth in this antenna exactly?

This antenna: comes with an balun (or unun) that has three connectors. One for the coaxial cable to the radio, one for the antenna and one for the earth. My understanding is that the earth is an RF ...
3
votes
3answers
472 views

How thick should counterpoise wires be?

I would like to use a shortened whip antenna with a coil in it's base, e.g. OPEK HVT-400B. My transceiver maximum power is 100 W (and antenna's - 120 W). To make the antenna work I need counterpoise ...
3
votes
2answers
264 views

Not-too-distant saltwater ground

Problem I'm planning on mounting a vertical HF multiband antenna on the edge of my roof. Due to the presence of a paved walkway and some other similar property constraints, I have no room for ...
26
votes
11answers
26k views

What's a cost-effective way to boost the range of my cheap 2m/70cm handheld?

I'm a very casual/beginner level ham and as such have mostly avoided committing too much in the way of financial resources - I have a UV-5R for a personal radio, anything else I do I've used others' ...
9
votes
5answers
24k views

Is there a simple, DIY, antenna suitable for HF receive only?

So the antenna I'm thinking about doing might be* way too large for my property. Is there another simple, cheap, DIY antenna I could try on my receiver? I know I'm going to want to hook it up and ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

If i connect two antennas to one radio using a t connector will it work?

If I connect two antennas to one radio using a t connector will it work? If a connect 2 antennas (a mag mount + a dipole?) to the same radio with an adapter will it work normally on 2M band and will ...
6
votes
1answer
110 views

How do I identify a genuine Nagoya antenna?

I recently purchased a Nagoya NA-771 that I believe is counterfeit given the overall feel of the antenna. How do I identify a genuine Nagoya antenna vs. a counterfeit?
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Hobby Wire for Ground Radials

I'm putting in a radial system for my inverted-L and am wondering if the hobby wire like the kind sold at Hobby Lobby or Home Depot for hanging pictures, which is 22-24 gauge copper or aluminum, would ...
6
votes
2answers
909 views

Does a tube based HF transmitter need an antenna tuner?

With the adjustments on a transmitter such as a Yaesu FT-101E, is there any purpose for an antenna tuner, or can you accomplish the same thing by adjusting the loading and other controls?
1
vote
2answers
153 views

RTL-SDR dongle - what antenna should I use for APRS receive only?

I was following this guide to setup an iGate using an RTL-SDR dongle and a Raspberry Pi. It worked, and I have been able to test it by seeing some APRS packets from a separate transmitter (Arduino+...
8
votes
5answers
5k views

Aluminum vs copper antenna element lengths

Does the particular metal used in antenna elements make any difference in element length or spacing, i.e. 1/2" aluminum tube vs 1/2" copper tube? I know that length and diameter have an effect on ...
6
votes
1answer
119 views

Why does adding 50-ohm BNC Ethernet terminator(s) in parallel to my 4-element yagi improve my radio's reception? (70cm)

I have this radio, with a rubber duck antenna, and a repeater twenty miles away to my north-northwest. If I set my radio on the top of a cabinet in my bathroom, I receive the repeater fine. I can't ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

How can the gain of an antenna be negative?

Aaronia released this ultra-wide-range antenna, that can measure up to 35GHz. This was really impressive for only 3000 Euros, so I was considering purchasing it, when I figured I would look at the ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

How do I use multiple antennas with two or more radios?

I'm building multiple antennas tuned to different amateur bands and would like them connected to my SDR for remote listening and analysis, and a handheld radio for transmission, which I may upgrade or ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Can every antenna be used both for transmit and receive?

Assuming I have an antenna for receiving GPS signals, can I use it also for transmit — to create a repeater in a tunnel (or some place with no reception)?
0
votes
3answers
363 views

Total cancellation in corporate feed network for patch antenna

I'm trying to build an array of patch antennas in order to receive a GPS signal. The idea is to build 4 patches and connect them with a corporate feed network. An example of corporate feed is this one....
18
votes
2answers
9k views

What makes a 5/8 wavelength vertical desirable?

An ordinary 1/4 wavelength vertical is smaller and resonant without any loading coil or matching network. What's the advantage to a 5/8 wavelength vertical? Why 5/8 in particular, and not something ...
3
votes
2answers
114 views

What are these antennas used for?

I noticed this antenna park in Heidmoosstrasse, Switzerland. What is it used for?
2
votes
2answers
533 views

How to determine the minimum distance between ham and TV antennas

I'm planning on putting a quarter wave ground plane antenna in my attic for use with 2m/70cm. In order to keep the feed line short, it needs to be near my TV antenna. Is there a rule of thumb for ...