Questions tagged [antenna]

Questions about the design, selection, building, testing, mounting, or properties of antennas. See also specific tags: [antenna-theory], [antenna-construction], [dipole], etc.

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20 views

What is the signal of a receptor antenna irradiated with a plane wave?

Lets say there is a reception antenna connected to a detection system with a coax, and a transmitter sends a plane wave. What happens is that the antenna gets a certain power, following the [...
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2answers
178 views

How much attenuation (dB) from a balun is expected?

I'm building a dipole antenna for 433 MHz, first one ever. I will have to use a ferrite bead to balance the feed. How many decibels of attenuation should I expect from the ferrite bead?
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130 views

Fractal antenna shapes that work for you? [closed]

I just answered this question, and I wanted to know if any particular shape has been found to be successful for anyone. There seems to be a lot of research on IEEE that indicates that there should be ...
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4answers
2k views

Do these look like amateur radio antennas?

I am planning to move into a new apartment, and of course would like to install a HF antenna there, on the roof if possible. Today I noticed a small Yagi antenna on the roof of the building , more ...
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3answers
145 views

Why half-wave dipole is the most efficient one in comparison to other electrical lengths of that antenna?

I have a problem on the understanding of a half-wavelength antenna. Namely, why is the half-wave antenna has a highest power emission. Considering Far Field factor F($\theta$), which is known from the ...
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188 views

1/8 wave 3-element 2m beam antenna

Here's what I am working on, and someone please tell me if I'm doing this right or wrong, but be kind and gentle. Center frequency 146.520MHz Driven element is 1/8 wave 10.25" long set at 6.125&...
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4answers
235 views

If I tie antenna wire in a knot, will there be damage to the wire?

I'm building HF kits 80m EFHW kit, and in the instructions it directs you to tie a knot in the antenna wire. I'm concerned of damage to the wire. I have found no source as of yet that indicates if ...
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101 views

far-field in air versus vacuum [migrated]

I think the far-field is significantly different in vacuum versus air, is this true? More specifically, when we talk about far-field, we mean the electromagnetic wave as a whole etc. but in the near ...
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3answers
140 views

Does anyone know of a compact ELF wave transmit antenna I can buy or make?

I need to transmit frequencies as low as 1Hz and I know the wavelength is the speed of light but wondered if there has been any breakthroughs in this field? I need a handheld antenna or at least one ...
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1answer
58 views

What steps to take to secure for G2 geomagnetic storm?

So I see NASA has issued a geomagnetic storm watch for a possible G2-level storm on the 11th. I’m at about 53 degrees north geomagnetic latitude. Is this something I need to care about equipment-wise? ...
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2answers
113 views

Output power from the TX/RX port of the USRP N210 decreases as the frequency increases

I am trying to build an FMCW radar using a USRP N210 with a CBX40 daughterboard. I generate a sweep from 1.5GHz to 5GHz. According to their respective datasheets, the daughterboard and the USRP should ...
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197 views

Why is the total radiated power of array calculated by sum of square of excitation coefficients different from the result by integral of power pattern

Consider an array with same isotropic antennas, $P_{ele}^n$ is the input power of the nth antenna. As I consider antenna radiation efficiency = 1, the $P_{ele}^n$ is also the radiated power of the nth ...
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2answers
83 views

How to make ELF-ULF antenna myself?

I want to check the EM pulse between 3HZ-3kHZ with N9041B UXA Signal Analyzer,it seemed the only antenna I can use is Aaronia MagnoTRACKER,but the price is not affordable. Then I plan to make ELF-ULF ...
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1answer
37 views

How the ELF-VLF background noise spectrum looks like?

In the ELF-VLF frequency band,some background noise like Schumann resonances shows in the spectrum analyzer as peaks. I want to have a overview look of the background noise of ELF-VLF frequency band,...
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1answer
321 views

What's the proper way to mount antenna mast to the side of a house?

I'd like to mount an antenna mast to the gable end of my house. I was planning for the mast to extend from ~10 feet above the roofline down to the ground. I've seen wall mounts specifically for masts, ...
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4answers
296 views

Is an antenna always matched to free space impedance?

In this thesis the following model for an antenna is proposed: It is seen as a 2 port network, in which only port 1 is accessible (port 2 is an imaginary connection between the antenna and the free ...
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2answers
64 views

Will a HF beam antenna on rooftop building interfere with other antennas there

I am moving into an apartment on the top floor of a building and I intend to install a HF beam antenna for 20 to 10 meters, on the rooftop of the building. I notice that there are already some ...
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2answers
64 views

Mounting a hex beam on top of a high urban building

I am moving into a new apartment in the city soon which is on the 24th and last floor of an apartment building. I will have access to the roof of the building also. I'm still trying to understand ...
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1answer
41 views

Calculating SWR for a dipole

I have a dipole wire antenna that is tuned to 14.0 MHz so that it has an SWR there of nearly 1:1. Is there a mathematical formula by which I can compute the expected SWR for other frequencies? I would,...
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1answer
66 views

Recommendations for Antennas installation with Steep slopes

I have a property that I am trying to figure out the right antenna setup for. Currently running the following Antennas: 1x Hustler 5BTV Vertical with radials 1x Chameleon in a NVIS configuration 1x ...
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1answer
108 views

Common-mode choke (CMC) hurting my SWR. Live with it? Drop the choke?

I have been using a Par EndFedz Mk2 Trail Friendly 40/20/10 though using the matchbox from an EndFedz EF-QUAD (with Vibroplex’s blessing) so I could transmit at more than 25W. On all three bands I ...
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2answers
114 views

Is tuning at all useful for an antenna that is already resonant?

Say you have a resonant antenna that also has a tuner. Does this help at all? Can your antenna be "fine tuned" ?
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1answer
52 views

multiple pcb trace antennas in the same design. Bad idea?

Since time is money and my PCB home making skills are not the sharpest, I would rather fit my PCB design with two unbalanced antennas (no balun, just impedance matching parts, for 315 / 433 MHz) for ...
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2answers
95 views

Mounting a vertical antenna on a fiberglass mast

I have a multiband SE-X80 HF vertical antenna which works ok from 20 meters to 10 meters with a tuner. It is attached to the railings of my apartment balcony at the moment. This is the antenna : https:...
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3answers
146 views

Is this true about ferrite loop antennas?

There is an article on wikipedia about loop antennas. It shows like an AM radio's antenna with the ferrite rod and says this: This greater conductance channels thousands of times more magnetic power ...
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1answer
96 views

EFHW: better to get far end really high, or middle somewhat high?

I built a 40m end fed halfwave antenna and unun, and the wire is about 66 ft long. I have some tall trees nearby I can hang it in, semi-permanently. Which of the following would be better? A) hanging ...
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2answers
74 views

Broadband dipole with no standing waves?

If a diode or directional coupler is fitted at the outer ends of the elements of a dipole, would this stop current reflected from the ends and so result in no standing wave on the antenna ? It can't ...
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1answer
68 views

Does antenna Q cause distortion?

Everyone knows that a 1/2 λ dipole has on the elements a standing wave the voltage and current of which are a bit less than 90° out of phase with each other, and the departure of this phase difference ...
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2answers
119 views

Why do ham radio operators say that a full wave dipole isn't resonant?

Every reputable antenna book that I've read says that dipole antennas are resonant at integer multiples of a half wave length. Wikipedia describes resonance as: the phenomenon of increased amplitude ...
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2answers
37 views

Sealing connection between mobile antenna and mount

I've got a brass mount installed on my car which has a 3/8-24 socket. All the antennas I'm looking at seem to have stainless steel connectors. Is packing the connection between antenna and mount with ...
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2answers
183 views

Why does beamforming bring more power to the received desired signal?

Consider a normal array model with $N$ element. The output of the array is given by, $$\mathbf{y}=\mathbf{w}^H\mathbf{x}=\mathbf{w}^H\mathbf{as}$$ where $\mathbf{a}=[a_1,...,a_N]^T=\in\mathbb{C}^{N\...
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2answers
65 views

Does a NVIS antenna have to be exactly below the maximum NVIS frequency to have NVIS characteristics?

For example if the maximum NVIS frequency is 5 MHz in a given region, would a NVIS antenna have to be resonant at less than 5 MHz to have NVIS propagation characteristics or can it be slightly above ...
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1answer
525 views

Antenna relay switch design

I want to build a generic multi-antenna switch using relays. Many projects on the web have done this but the relays have silver contacts. This would be fine if I were to transmit to all antennas so ...
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1answer
106 views

What type of antenna are these?

On top of a mountain in south Salt Lake City, Utah there are many antennas. What are these curly ones?
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2answers
2k views

Ideal antenna type for FM 2 meters?

Clearly, building a Yagi tuned for 2 meters will likely have the best directional performance. Putting that aside, I'm trying to get information on what antenna type will have the best overall ...
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5answers
1k views

How do VHF antennas compensate for change in frequency in Frequency Modulation?

I would like to understand how antennas specifically, compensate for variability in the frequency while receiving FM waves in VHF. The way FM works is that the receiver system - receiver and antenna ...
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2answers
83 views

Why is there so little difference in the gains of Yagi Uda antennas with omnidirectional antennas? Shouldn't the power at the back be at the front?

Consider an omnidirectional antenna with X dBi gain. Intuitively I understand that the power that would have been dispersed in now-dead directions is directed around the antenna. What I don't get is ...
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2answers
280 views

Fan dipole with loading coil(s)?

There seem to be plenty of construction articles on center-fed wire fan dipoles with pairs of arms of different lengths, each pair dimensioned for a different band (e.g. half-wave 80M+40M+20M). Would ...
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5answers
293 views

Grounding a vertical antenna from a balcony

I have a multiband vertical antenna mounted onto the railings of my balcony apartment high up on the 6th floor of an apartment building. The antenna is not grounded. This antenna comes without radials....
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3answers
65 views

SWR erratic based on time of day

I have an odd issue - SWR swings wildly, like a loose connection (there are no loose connections), on 17 and 15 M, only mid-afternoon local. I have made contacts as far as Japan (from central NC) at ...
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1answer
109 views

Do you need to analyse the SWR of your radio repeatedly? Or periodically? If so, Why?

Let us assume that I have an adjustable antenna, between 160m - 6m. And let's also assume that using an antenna analyser I have estimated the SWR for that antenna for a specific frequency. If my ...
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4answers
192 views

I'm looking for an effective beam antenna for both 20 meters and 10 meters

My favorite HF bands are 20 meters and 10 meters. I am currently using a multiband vertical antenna, but really it's not so great for DX'ing. I am looking for a good upgrade. I'm still learning alot ...
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0answers
50 views

Is this author correct about using a λ/2 of wire for a coil to get the proper delay on a λ/2 collinear antenna?

Is this author correct about using a λ/2 of wire for a coil to get the proper delay on a λ/2 collinear antenna? Improving the Super-J August 5, 2012 by John S. Huggins I agree with him that there has ...
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1answer
73 views

UV-5R High Gain Antenna Performance

My Baofeng UV-5R came with a shorter 6.5” antenna and a “high gain” 15.3” RH-771 antenna. In your experience, how much of a difference in range does the use of the longer antenna achieve?
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3answers
4k views

Choke at antenna and feedpoint?

I'm planning on putting up a G5RV. From the ladder line I connect 5m coax to the shack; would it be worth doing a common mode current choke at both the antenna feedpoint and the coax feedpoint? (I ...
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0answers
36 views

Troubleshooting range on Lora Radio

I am using these Adafruit LoRa radio microcontrollers: M0 radio paired with these parts to make up the antenna system: antenna connector cable And for some reason I am unable to get much further than ...
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2answers
342 views

What gauge of winding wire will be "invisible" but sturdy as an antenna?

I plan to build a receive-only longwire/Beverage antenna. The wire will be at least 40m/120' long and strewn at about 7m/21' above ground. Tried "regular" thin insulated wire but it was an ...
3
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1answer
117 views

Can I use electrical ground / earth as my RF ground?

I live on a high floor in an apartment block and have a radial-free multi-band vertical antenna attached to my terrace railing. This is the antenna : https://www.thunderpole.co.uk/amateur-radio-...
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2answers
97 views

Is there such thing as a center-fed longwire?

I want to make a longwire/Beverage receive antenna that will work on a wide range of bands (80-10m or wider). I've got a place where I can put a wire of at least 50m/150'. The only problem is — the ...

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