Questions tagged [antenna]

Questions about the design, selection, building, testing, mounting, or properties of antennas. See also specific tags: [antenna-theory], [antenna-construction], [dipole], etc.

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1answer
53 views

Can I use a car antenna intended for 2m/70cm on a 868mhz Lora device?

I have a Lora radio device that runs at 868mhz, it came with a tiny stubby antenna. I want to use the device out and about so wanted to know if it will be OK connected to a magnetic/car antenna I got ...
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1answer
37 views

How to communicate with about 1 km range? [closed]

How can I set up a communication link between some drones that can be 1 km away from each other? The communication should be done by broadcast (Ad Hoc) and not point to point. What type of transmitter/...
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0answers
45 views

Coupling Capacitor of an Antenna

I have a simple question about general meaning & importance of the coupling capacitor in following part of a simple receiver circuit: Is it true that the proper reason why this coupling capacitor ...
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3answers
3k views

Can I build a radio telescope out of a parabolic TV satellite dish?

I have the possibility to buy a very inexpensive 2.4m parabolic satellite dish and I would like to build a radio telescope from it. Originally this dish was designed to be a satellite TV antenna. ...
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1answer
53 views

Phasing stub length for colinear 5/8λ?

I've been designing a "Super J-Pole" for 10M in MMANA-GAL, but I'm designing it having two 5/8λ sections. However, I came across this picture: Various J-Poles types diagram indicating the ...
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1answer
79 views

High electrical noise only when coax shield is connected

I'm trying to understand a noise issue on my Yaesu FT-891. I have very high 60 hz electric buzz on most bands with 40 and 15M being the worse at about S9+. My antenna is a MyAntennas 66ft EFHW fed ...
7
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1answer
76 views

Are there any active ham satellites orbiting that use the 5cm band?

I see that 5cm is available for satcom in amateur radio. Are there any active satellites for that? If so, what satellites and are their TLE's available?
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2answers
70 views

Antenna Size limits at 2-30 MHz (10 m to 150 m wavelength)

I am interested to know what are the smallest antenna sizes that are efficient transmitters for skywave propagation/ham radio applications. Has anyone been able to design a transmit antenna to work in ...
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0answers
61 views

Narrow bandstop filter not requiring ground connection in SMD package

I’m designing an antenna that I’ll implement on a printed circuit board. The antenna will be working on both sides of 900 MHz, so it’s not exactly for ham use. I’m planning to use a bandstop filter in ...
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2answers
131 views

Will a HF beam antenna on rooftop building interfere with other antennas there

I am moving into an apartment on the top floor of a building and I intend to install a HF beam antenna for 20 to 10 meters, on the rooftop of the building. I notice that there are already some ...
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0answers
35 views

Could my HF antenna cause problems to these other antennas on the roof? [duplicate]

I am planning to purchase a property soon in an apartment block on the top floor. I am very very keen to install a HF multiband Yagi antenna on the rooftop. I notice some small cell towers and a ...
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1answer
64 views

Using Decoupling Stubs to Allow a Vertical Yagi to be Mounted on a Metal Pole

A while a go i asked a couple of questions on this site about mounting a vertical yagi antenna on a metal pole. One of the answers given to the first question talks about using decoupling stubs to ...
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5answers
998 views

How does an antenna transform impedances along its length?

If I insert some impedance (like a loading coil, or a trap) at the base of a monopole antenna, the effect on the feedpoint impedance is easy to predict: the impedance is in series with the antenna, so ...
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2answers
142 views

4:1 Balun question

With an OCF dipole, does it matter which leg, short or long, is connected to which side of the 4:1 balun, hot(coax center) or shield? How can you tell which is which, the balun is not marked. Thank ...
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0answers
36 views

What is the signal of a receptor antenna irradiated with a plane wave?

Lets say there is a reception antenna connected to a detection system with a coax, and a transmitter sends a plane wave. What happens is that the antenna gets a certain power, following the [...
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2answers
202 views

How much attenuation (dB) from a balun is expected?

I'm building a dipole antenna for 433 MHz, first one ever. I will have to use a ferrite bead to balance the feed. How many decibels of attenuation should I expect from the ferrite bead?
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1answer
142 views

Fractal antenna shapes that work for you? [closed]

I just answered this question, and I wanted to know if any particular shape has been found to be successful for anyone. There seems to be a lot of research on IEEE that indicates that there should be ...
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4answers
2k views

Do these look like amateur radio antennas?

I am planning to move into a new apartment, and of course would like to install a HF antenna there, on the roof if possible. Today I noticed a small Yagi antenna on the roof of the building , more ...
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3answers
163 views

Why half-wave dipole is the most efficient one in comparison to other electrical lengths of that antenna?

I have a problem on the understanding of a half-wavelength antenna. Namely, why is the half-wave antenna has a highest power emission. Considering Far Field factor F($\theta$), which is known from the ...
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2answers
198 views

1/8 wave 3-element 2m beam antenna

Here's what I am working on, and someone please tell me if I'm doing this right or wrong, but be kind and gentle. Center frequency 146.520MHz Driven element is 1/8 wave 10.25" long set at 6.125&...
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4answers
261 views

If I tie antenna wire in a knot, will there be damage to the wire?

I'm building HF kits 80m EFHW kit, and in the instructions it directs you to tie a knot in the antenna wire. I'm concerned of damage to the wire. I have found no source as of yet that indicates if ...
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3answers
153 views

Does anyone know of a compact ELF wave transmit antenna I can buy or make?

I need to transmit frequencies as low as 1Hz and I know the wavelength is the speed of light but wondered if there has been any breakthroughs in this field? I need a handheld antenna or at least one ...
3
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1answer
74 views

What steps to take to secure for G2 geomagnetic storm?

So I see NASA has issued a geomagnetic storm watch for a possible G2-level storm on the 11th. I’m at about 53 degrees north geomagnetic latitude. Is this something I need to care about equipment-wise? ...
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2answers
121 views

Output power from the TX/RX port of the USRP N210 decreases as the frequency increases

I am trying to build an FMCW radar using a USRP N210 with a CBX40 daughterboard. I generate a sweep from 1.5GHz to 5GHz. According to their respective datasheets, the daughterboard and the USRP should ...
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2answers
217 views

Why is the total radiated power of array calculated by sum of square of excitation coefficients different from the result by integral of power pattern

Consider an array with same isotropic antennas, $P_{ele}^n$ is the input power of the nth antenna. As I consider antenna radiation efficiency = 1, the $P_{ele}^n$ is also the radiated power of the nth ...
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2answers
93 views

How to make ELF-ULF antenna myself?

I want to check the EM pulse between 3HZ-3kHZ with N9041B UXA Signal Analyzer,it seemed the only antenna I can use is Aaronia MagnoTRACKER,but the price is not affordable. Then I plan to make ELF-ULF ...
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1answer
41 views

How the ELF-VLF background noise spectrum looks like?

In the ELF-VLF frequency band,some background noise like Schumann resonances shows in the spectrum analyzer as peaks. I want to have a overview look of the background noise of ELF-VLF frequency band,...
2
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1answer
426 views

What's the proper way to mount antenna mast to the side of a house?

I'd like to mount an antenna mast to the gable end of my house. I was planning for the mast to extend from ~10 feet above the roofline down to the ground. I've seen wall mounts specifically for masts, ...
4
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4answers
313 views

Is an antenna always matched to free space impedance?

In this thesis the following model for an antenna is proposed: It is seen as a 2 port network, in which only port 1 is accessible (port 2 is an imaginary connection between the antenna and the free ...
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2answers
70 views

Mounting a hex beam on top of a high urban building

I am moving into a new apartment in the city soon which is on the 24th and last floor of an apartment building. I will have access to the roof of the building also. I'm still trying to understand ...
3
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1answer
44 views

Calculating SWR for a dipole

I have a dipole wire antenna that is tuned to 14.0 MHz so that it has an SWR there of nearly 1:1. Is there a mathematical formula by which I can compute the expected SWR for other frequencies? I would,...
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32 views
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1answer
69 views

Recommendations for Antennas installation with Steep slopes

I have a property that I am trying to figure out the right antenna setup for. Currently running the following Antennas: 1x Hustler 5BTV Vertical with radials 1x Chameleon in a NVIS configuration 1x ...
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1answer
117 views

Common-mode choke (CMC) hurting my SWR. Live with it? Drop the choke?

I have been using a Par EndFedz Mk2 Trail Friendly 40/20/10 though using the matchbox from an EndFedz EF-QUAD (with Vibroplex’s blessing) so I could transmit at more than 25W. On all three bands I ...
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2answers
119 views

Is tuning at all useful for an antenna that is already resonant?

Say you have a resonant antenna that also has a tuner. Does this help at all? Can your antenna be "fine tuned" ?
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1answer
54 views

multiple pcb trace antennas in the same design. Bad idea?

Since time is money and my PCB home making skills are not the sharpest, I would rather fit my PCB design with two unbalanced antennas (no balun, just impedance matching parts, for 315 / 433 MHz) for ...
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2answers
133 views

Mounting a vertical antenna on a fiberglass mast

I have a multiband SE-X80 HF vertical antenna which works ok from 20 meters to 10 meters with a tuner. It is attached to the railings of my apartment balcony at the moment. This is the antenna : https:...
3
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3answers
162 views

Is this true about ferrite loop antennas?

There is an article on wikipedia about loop antennas. It shows like an AM radio's antenna with the ferrite rod and says this: This greater conductance channels thousands of times more magnetic power ...
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1answer
109 views

EFHW: better to get far end really high, or middle somewhat high?

I built a 40m end fed halfwave antenna and unun, and the wire is about 66 ft long. I have some tall trees nearby I can hang it in, semi-permanently. Which of the following would be better? A) hanging ...
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2answers
75 views

Broadband dipole with no standing waves?

If a diode or directional coupler is fitted at the outer ends of the elements of a dipole, would this stop current reflected from the ends and so result in no standing wave on the antenna ? It can't ...
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1answer
69 views

Does antenna Q cause distortion?

Everyone knows that a 1/2 λ dipole has on the elements a standing wave the voltage and current of which are a bit less than 90° out of phase with each other, and the departure of this phase difference ...
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2answers
128 views

Why do ham radio operators say that a full wave dipole isn't resonant?

Every reputable antenna book that I've read says that dipole antennas are resonant at integer multiples of a half wave length. Wikipedia describes resonance as: the phenomenon of increased amplitude ...
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2answers
38 views

Sealing connection between mobile antenna and mount

I've got a brass mount installed on my car which has a 3/8-24 socket. All the antennas I'm looking at seem to have stainless steel connectors. Is packing the connection between antenna and mount with ...
3
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2answers
186 views

Why does beamforming bring more power to the received desired signal?

Consider a normal array model with $N$ element. The output of the array is given by, $$\mathbf{y}=\mathbf{w}^H\mathbf{x}=\mathbf{w}^H\mathbf{as}$$ where $\mathbf{a}=[a_1,...,a_N]^T=\in\mathbb{C}^{N\...
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2answers
66 views

Does a NVIS antenna have to be exactly below the maximum NVIS frequency to have NVIS characteristics?

For example if the maximum NVIS frequency is 5 MHz in a given region, would a NVIS antenna have to be resonant at less than 5 MHz to have NVIS propagation characteristics or can it be slightly above ...
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1answer
546 views

Antenna relay switch design

I want to build a generic multi-antenna switch using relays. Many projects on the web have done this but the relays have silver contacts. This would be fine if I were to transmit to all antennas so ...
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1answer
108 views

What type of antenna are these?

On top of a mountain in south Salt Lake City, Utah there are many antennas. What are these curly ones?
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2answers
2k views

Ideal antenna type for FM 2 meters?

Clearly, building a Yagi tuned for 2 meters will likely have the best directional performance. Putting that aside, I'm trying to get information on what antenna type will have the best overall ...
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5answers
1k views

How do VHF antennas compensate for change in frequency in Frequency Modulation?

I would like to understand how antennas specifically, compensate for variability in the frequency while receiving FM waves in VHF. The way FM works is that the receiver system - receiver and antenna ...
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2answers
86 views

Why is there so little difference in the gains of Yagi Uda antennas with omnidirectional antennas? Shouldn't the power at the back be at the front?

Consider an omnidirectional antenna with X dBi gain. Intuitively I understand that the power that would have been dispersed in now-dead directions is directed around the antenna. What I don't get is ...

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