Questions tagged [antenna-tuner]

Questions relating to the setup and use of antenna tuners, the virtues and shortcomings of various types of tuners, etc.

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Why do I need to tune an antenna?

I've heard that when an antenna is set up, it needs to be tuned to reduce reflective power back into the radio. Is this always necessary, and if so how would I go about tuning it?
berry120's user avatar
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16 votes
12 answers
19k views

How can I safely transmit without an antenna tuner or SWR meter?

Just what the title says. An Antenna Tuner, henceforth AT, is almost a de facto piece of equipment in a shack; working the bands without one is tantamount to leaping off the diving board into a ...
VU2NHW's user avatar
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13 votes
4 answers
4k views

What is an antenna tuner? Why bother with resonant antennas in the first place?

There are a lot of antenna tuners on the market that have various capabilities in terms of how they can allow random radiators to work with our transceivers. What exactly do they do? My ...
SDsolar's user avatar
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12 votes
3 answers
1k views

What is the best practice when tuning an antenna on air?

I have a magnetic loop antenna that takes a long time to tune and of course, while tuning it, I need to be transmitting. What is the best procedure for tuning on air? I understand I need to check ...
David VK2VXK's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
3k views

What is the actual loss in a feed line with high SWR?

It is well-known that it is unwise to have standing waves on the feed line between one's antenna and one's transmitter, unless it is a very low-loss type (e.g. ladder line), because the transmitted ...
Kevin Reid AG6YO's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
2k views

What types of materials increase the inductance of a coil when inserted inside it?

I'm asking this because of the comments in this answer, that imply that steel (mostly iron) has similar characteristics to ferrite. Specifically, it is implied that inserting solid steel into a ...
Mike Waters's user avatar
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9 votes
2 answers
2k views

Why is the risk of damage to a transmitter due to a mismatched antenna at lower frequencies greater?

A quick follow-up to this answer ... If the impedance mismatch is large, you risk damaging your radio, particularly on the lower frequencies ... I'm sorry to be so dense, but uh why is the risk ...
VU2NHW's user avatar
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8 votes
4 answers
828 views

Tuner at antenna side versus transmitter?

I figure the transmitter has a 50-ohm pure resistive output and that the transmission line is 50-ohm as well. I think it's usually the antenna itself that actually needs to be tuned, yet it sounds ...
pgibbons's user avatar
  • 444
8 votes
4 answers
2k views

Two Antenna Tuners in Series

My radio has an internal antenna tuner that can be activated to rapidly tune for the frequency in use. My antenna has a disgusting SWR for the band I want to use (as measured with an AA-54 antenna ...
Steve's user avatar
  • 103
8 votes
1 answer
1k views

Antenna tuning while receiving

I've built AA5TB's antenna coupler for a 5W 20m transceiver. Tuning was kind of difficult because my transceiver has buttons for sending a dot and a dash, but no tuning mode, so I couldn't have the ...
user avatar
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

Does a tube based HF transmitter need an antenna tuner?

With the adjustments on a transmitter such as a Yaesu FT-101E, is there any purpose for an antenna tuner, or can you accomplish the same thing by adjusting the loading and other controls?
K9KRB's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
353 views

Why does capacitive loose coupling increase selectivity?

There are multiple ways to couple antennas. It is said that an antenna is capacitive loose coupled if a small capacitor is used between the antenna and the parallel resonant circuit (like C2 in the ...
dudekowsky's user avatar
5 votes
6 answers
2k views

Does an antenna pick up signals of all frequencies or only its resonant frequency?

I heard that an antenna picks up signals of all frequencies, and then these signals are filtered by a circuit using an inductor and capacitor, and that this is how a radio is tuned. However, I also ...
Urthona26's user avatar
  • 151
5 votes
5 answers
390 views

Antenna tuner at the transceiver output confusion

I am a bit confused. Let's take a HF transceiver for example. My understanding is that the output impedance of the transmitter is 50 ohms. The impedance of the coaxial cable feedline is 50 ohms, and ...
Engineer999's user avatar
5 votes
5 answers
973 views

How can a tuner pick up a specific frequency?

The point I'm confused about is the antenna. Depending on the environment, there are tons of different frequencies passing through you (FM, AM, 4G, SAT, etc). The electrons in the wire will move as ...
Derpy's user avatar
  • 95
5 votes
2 answers
388 views

Is tuning at all useful for an antenna that is already resonant?

Say you have a resonant antenna that also has a tuner. Does this help at all? Can your antenna be "fine tuned" ?
NonYaBidnezz's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
788 views

Do vacuum variable capacitors have higher Q than air variable capacitors?

Do vacuum variable capacitors have higher Q than air variable capacitors? They are not commonly seen in tuners or crystal sets. But they are mentioned as superior to air variables for resonating ...
Paul's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
1k views

Adapting an antenna coupler

I've built AA5TB's antenna coupler: I left out C2 because I didn't understand why I would need it - why would I? It works fine without. Unfortunately, when I started tuning for a 5W 20m transceiver, ...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
420 views

Does an antenna tuner remove standing waves from a transmission line?

Does an antenna tuner remove standing waves from a transmission line ?
Andrew's user avatar
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4 votes
3 answers
4k views

Do I need an 9:1 UNUN for a half-wave end fed?

I was using a 10-ish meter wire as my HF rx antenna. That's all I can install in my QTH. However I realised that my ~10 m wire can be turned into an end fed dipole for 20 meter band. But there is a ...
Hose Dias's user avatar
  • 195
4 votes
2 answers
398 views

Pi Matching circut for tube PA - what values?

I am working on my 80m and 40m CW transmitter and ran into a problem: I need to match the high impedance of PL504 to 50ohm coax, a Pi match seems to be the best, but I don't know how to calculate ...
thegamebusterpl's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
659 views

Using NanoVNA to tune antenna

I'm extremely new to this, so I'm mostly asking for tutorials and so on. I have tried configuring the device according to one tutorial I found. When I hook up the cheap antennas that came with a ...
Jesse Knott's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
314 views

What dielectric strength is required for a variable capacitors in a 100W T-network antenna tuner?

I would like to build a 100W T-network antenna tuner: I have a 12-pole wafer switch, 12.5 meters of enameled copper wire (d=1.5mm) and a pair of 12-365pF variable capacitors rated 200V DC (dielectric ...
Aleksander Alekseev - R2AUK's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
2k views

Is ladder line necessary when using a non-resonant dipole through a tuner?

I've heard if I have a dipole of some arbitrary length, or a random wire, the SWR can be very bad. An antenna tuner can present a decent match to the transmitter, but the SWR on the feedline will be ...
Phil Frost - W8II's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
7k views

Antenna tuner design

In a related question about a broadband antenna for SDR it was suggested me to build or buy an antenna tuner. Since maybe it was not clear to everybody, I'm designing an antenna tuner for reception, ...
Luca's user avatar
  • 329
4 votes
2 answers
2k views

Where does one find high-voltage variable capacitors and inductors for RF? [closed]

I'm looking to start building various antenna tuning circuits, but I'm limited by my parts inventory. I have pots and mag wire for winding inductors and a nice spectrum of fixed-value capacitors, but ...
wolak's user avatar
  • 141
3 votes
2 answers
216 views

Does a halfwave (or multiple) length of coax duplicate the load impedance of one end at the other end?

Ignoring the possibility of multiple radiators and phasing harness(es), consider the following example: If I have a short inductor-loaded vertical antenna that I have not carefully matched to 50 ohm ...
always_learning's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
785 views

HF Vertical antenna with no radial and loading coil but only ATU for 80m to 10m in a boat

I am new to HF antenna designs. I want to build an antenna for my fishing boat. My question is - if I use an ATU (like the ATU-100) and a 10m aluminium pipe as an antenna and fix it with a mast, will ...
Asif Rahman's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
1k views

Benefit to remote antenna tuner for end-fed non-resonant antenna?

Does addition of a remote feed-point antenna tuner affect the use of the coax braid as a radiator? If it no longer "radiates" in such a setup, what does? Is a shack or remote tuner better for ...
Jeremy Gilbert's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
232 views

Is it worse to use an antenna tuner on an already-loaded short monopole?

If I had a good transmatch and wanted to use a spare CB antenna on the amateur HF bands, would I be better off bypassing its tuning coil completely? One ham pastime is using an antenna tuner to match ...
natevw - AF7TB's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
2k views

SWR of 1.5 -- use internal antenna tuner or not?

My IC-7300 has an internal antenna tuner that can handle a SWR of up to 3:1. The other day I noticed that a frequency I was transmitting on (the 40m FT8 frequency FWIW) has an SWR of 1.5 (was my first ...
QuantumMechanic's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
2k views

Using an HF antenna for VHF scanning

Are there any disadvantages (or advantages) to using a long-wire HF antenna for wide-band VHF reception? Or would feedline losses make that useless compared to a ground level ducky or short whip? (...
hotpaw2's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
121 views

Low power indicated on tuner

Please forgive my extremely basic question, I am brand new on HF and have issues with my setup. I have a Chameleon MPAS antenna in vertical configuration connected to an AT-100 ProII tuner with a 50 ...
kataik's user avatar
  • 133
3 votes
1 answer
368 views

Is there a name for this specific variation of L-match tuner (somewhere between L-match and Π-match) and what would be its advantages over L-match?

So I've been looking at the internals of the Icom AT-141 end-fed antenna tuner which I have, and I've noticed that it has some sort of pre-tuning LC stage before its traditional L-tuner network. ...
AndrejaKo's user avatar
  • 2,893
3 votes
1 answer
473 views

MFJ-939 not working with FT-450 - TUNE blinking

I have recently bought second hand MFJ-939Y for FT-450/950. I have Yaesu FT-450 (plain, without D or AT). Since the tuner did not come with a cable, I have built my own. (I am 33yo IT engineer with ...
Marek Petko's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
3k views

Yaesu FT-891: power drops to 50% when TNR is ON and SWR is 1.5:1

I noticed a weird behavior of my Yaesu FT-891 transceiver. I'm using it with an external autotuner mAT-30 (120W SSB/CW, 30W PSK31), which is compatible with Yaesu FC-50. When I connect a 100W 50 Ohm ...
Aleksander Alekseev - R2AUK's user avatar
3 votes
4 answers
947 views

Help designing a random wire antenna to work with my tuner

I recently picked up an Icom M802 marine HF radio that includes ham bands and an Icom AT-140 antenna tuner. I have a ham license, but have been away from HF for many years and have never used a random ...
Jim Archer's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
2k views

TS-590 Antenna Tuner Protocol

I'm looking for the protocol used by Kenwood's TS-590S antenna tuner port. I've worked as far as I can with Kenwood's tech support. They know what the pins are labeled, but don't have any information ...
Joseph Freivald's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
6k views

Ideal Doublet Size 160-10 Meters

Is there considered an ideal / optimum length for a doublet for use on 160-10 meters when fed with open-wire feedline and a balanced tuner in the shack?
W4QA's user avatar
  • 71
2 votes
1 answer
203 views

Reasons for an antenna tuner at the transmitter other than transmitter protection?

An antenna tuner colocated with the transmitter may be required to prevent transmitting into an SWR higher than the allowed specification for the transmitter, or if the transmitter might overheat or &...
hotpaw2's user avatar
  • 13.3k
2 votes
5 answers
5k views

Balun and tuner configuration for multiband dipole

I'm putting up a multiband dipole in some tall trees. (Perhaps it's more correct to call it a "dipole-doublet"). The situation I'm imagining looks like this: The legs of the antenna are each 100 ...
bcattle's user avatar
  • 255
2 votes
2 answers
368 views

Can anyone tell me how to make a 35 m long wire antenna work on 80, 40, 20, 15 and 10 metres?

I have one straight horizontal wire antenna 35 meters (114.83 feet) long. I want to make it work the best on average for the 80, 40, 20 ,15 and 10 meter amateur bands. Can anyone tell me the best ...
Andrew's user avatar
  • 3,685
2 votes
1 answer
798 views

Tuning an antenna with a SWR meter that relies on output power

In my (new) setup, I will have a solid-state HF radio driving an antenna through an antenna tuner. Both my radio and the antenna tuner have internal SWR meters, of the type that requires you to adjust ...
W5VO's user avatar
  • 1,901
2 votes
2 answers
1k views

Using one of two antenna tuners connected in series

I have: A Kenwood TS-590SG. 2 antennas up, a tri-band beam and a fan dipole. I run both antennas to a MFJ-998 auto tuner. I also have a MFJ versa tuner IV. The auto tuner works good for 80-10 meters ...
Gary ky9b's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
3k views

How do I set up my radio for an antenna tuner?

I recently acquired an MFJ Versa Tuner II model MFJ-949D as well as a Kenwood TS-430S radio. The instructions for the tuner state (in part): For optimum operation of the MFJ-949D, the transmitter ...
Lance's user avatar
  • 941
2 votes
3 answers
4k views

Will an Internal Antenna Tuner work with an external HF amplifier?

I am a new General and don't quite understand how Antenna Tuners work other than changing the impedance ratio between the radio and the antenna. So my question is - Do I need to buy a new tuner if ...
Khris Kramer's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
702 views

Adapting an antenna tuner for use with a panel meter instead of an LED

I'm building NorCal's / W6JJZ's BLT tuner (pdf) for use on 40m/20m with a 5W transmitter. I would like to remove the LED and use a small panel meter instead. I don't have a 1N34A at hand, but I do ...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
379 views

Does an LDG YT-100 automatically trigger a tuning cycle if the SWR is high?

I have a YT-100 connected to my FT-857d in my remote-by-default shack in the attic (i.e. I operate it over a VNC connection from elsewhere in my house). Whenever I change band I have to go up to the ...
MattC's user avatar
  • 87
2 votes
1 answer
942 views

Should I bother with a doublet if I can't go straight to the tuner with open wire?

I have two trees about 135 feet apart and about 55 to 65 feet tall. I have been trying to determine which kind of wire antenna to put up there. Initially I was considering either a fan dipole or ...
Paul's user avatar
  • 781
2 votes
1 answer
709 views

What range of mismatch can the internal tuner on the TS-480SAT accommodate?

A fellow ham recently acquired a TS-480SAT. His working condition is complemented by an inverted-vee for the 20m band around 10m above ground; solid 59+ reports. Trying to tune the same antenna on ...
VU2NHW's user avatar
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