Questions tagged [antenna-theory]

Designing antennas, selecting antennas for specific applications, properties of a given antenna design.

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5
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1answer
395 views

Does the wire/conductor size of all the elements affect antenna bandwidth?

Does the wire diameter of the reflector and the directors of a beam antenna affect the bandwidth or is it only the driven element diameter that has this effect?
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3answers
3k views

Could a weather balloon make a good antenna?

I can't afford a massive tower, but I can get a weather balloon. What kind of set up would work best to get the maximum efficiency out of altitude?
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1answer
526 views

Why does path loss decrease as frequency decreases? [duplicate]

The Friis transmission equation can be given as: Pr = Pt + Gt + Gr + 20 log10 (λ / 4πR) Where the variables represent: ...
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0answers
94 views

Antenna Impedance calculation for low frequency [duplicate]

If I have an end fed long wire in free space, say 100 ft, how do I calculate its $R$ & $X$ at different frequencies?
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1answer
372 views

Dipole Center Spacing

I have a question about dipole construction. I am working with a turnstile, but building dipoles to validate my system with linearly polarized transmission before moving on to circular. My design has ...
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1answer
143 views

Utility pit MW/LW omnidirectional antenna

I am looking at antennas for a rather unusual application: mounted under a utility pit lid (manhole cover). The goal is to receive commercial MW/LW stations. The antenna has to be attached to the ...
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1answer
1k views

Do reflector and director widths (wire size) affect Quagi bandwidth?

A 2m Quad antenna made from 1/2" tubing will have a larger bandwidth than the same Quad built with 14 AWG wire. Would the respective bandwidths be maintained if both Quad loops were made into Quagis ...
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2answers
1k views

Hentenna beam…is it possible?

I did a (Amateur Radio) search for 'hentenna' and got not one hit. So, to boldly go where no man has gone before, I want to explore the strange new world of creating a beam antenna with Hentenna DE, ...
2
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1answer
219 views

Influence of bending and asymetric ground wire on monopole antenna

I'm currently building a rc radio system using the 433mhz RFM69W transceiver, so far everything works fine, but i am not sure about the way i laid out my antenna and how the layout cripples the ...
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2answers
734 views

4NEC2 - Radiat-eff. vs. Radiat-power

In the output from 4NEC2 the input power is 100 W. On the left, in blue text, is Radiat-eff. which equals 15.41%. On the right is Radiat-power which equals 94.88 W. I would expect either the first ...
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3answers
265 views

Wider wire = picks up more energy, yah?

I have seen many discussions re: wire gauge, insulation, velocity factor and K-factor...unfortunately, statements from various sources are not always in agreement, but that is not the issue. The issue ...
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1answer
394 views

Using a loop antenna on a harmonic of the intended antenna frequency

I bought a MFJ 1786 Magnetic Loop Antenna, which is made for 10 thru 30 MHz. It is not meant for use on 40 meters. The antenna has its own built in tuner. I have a Yaesu FT-890AT with built in antenna ...
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3answers
589 views

Why does an “electrically small” antenna have narrow bandwidth?

Reading this interesting piece on magnetic loop antennas, the author explains that a magnetic loop has great efficiency even at small size, but the the price you pay is very narrow bandwidth. Why is ...
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3answers
218 views

How to calculate/estimate the effect of having conductive material nearby an antenna

I have a system with a 1/4 wave whip antenna and above the antenna there is a mess of aluminium they're not connected but are nearby. I would like to figure out what effect this would have on the ...
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1answer
352 views

Loop Vs Whip for MW DX

MW reception is often plauged by man made interference these days. Most man made interference comes from small close sources like say a laptop power supply .Is a loop antenna better than a whip when ...
2
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1answer
527 views

Will adding a balun to a full-wave dipole help?

I have made a dipole for 40 m, no swr to speak of on 7040 kHz, but I've been told that it should also work on 20 m as it is 20 meters long (2× 9,92 m) but there I get SWR in the 7-9 range. Will this ...
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1answer
92 views

Directional antenna overlapping main lobes

In a 2-Rx by 2-Tx directional antenna system, say both transmitters are transmitting concurrently as in Fig. The main lobes from the two transmitters overlap. How does this affect the resultant signal ...
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2answers
244 views

Does antenna array structure effect overall radiation resistance?

If we consider a basic half wave dipole array does the radiation resistance of array depend on distance between two elements and phase we feed?
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1answer
82 views

What parameters are currently possible in a directional antenna less than 5mm long?

I'm curious what kind of directional antennas could fit inside a cell phone, which would require it to be 5mm or less in its longest dimension. I know that the length of a directional antenna is often ...
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3answers
2k views

Can I build a mini passive repeater to improve my WIFI reception at home?

The problem There's a concrete wall between my computer and my router (Linksys E900) which affects my WIFI reception pretty harshly, computer receives signal is at -65 dBm, at this rate i get around ...
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3answers
387 views

Receive directionality of a sub-optimal Yagi

How do I build the best antenna for a given VHF frequency given that an optimal design is too large? I am trying to understand the properties of a directional antenna of sub-optimal design. All the ...
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2answers
4k views

Conductive boom vs non conductive boom: what's the difference on a Yagi?

I designed a Yagi antenna using 4nec2, assuming that I would use a non conductive boom. If I use an aluminum boom but I insulate the elements from the boom, can I keep the same design? How does it ...
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2answers
2k views

Can every antenna be used both for transmit and receive?

Assuming I have an antenna for receiving GPS signals, can I use it also for transmit — to create a repeater in a tunnel (or some place with no reception)?
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2answers
444 views

Antenna gain vs. radiation efficiency in 4nec2

I'm trying to evaluate HF antennas for low angle performance to pick from a list of designs that will fit in my limited space. I'm using 4nec2 to simulate them and compare the patterns. When your ...
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1answer
643 views

Which matters most in a fan dipole: Overall linear length or actual wire length?

I'm in the midst of constructing a fan dipole for 80, 40, 30, 20 and 10 meters. I have everything laid out and am about to start cutting wire. I have an ugly balun (RF choke) wound at the feed point ...
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2answers
578 views

Antenna length in relation to lambda length

I'm pretty new with antenna stuff. I'm not sure how to understand antenna length in relation to lambda with dipole antennas. If a simple dipole antenna is lambda/4, has it a total length of lambda/2 (...
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1answer
673 views

VHF / UHF - Terrestrial Circular Polarized Antenna

I've been doing mostly HF for the last 20 years and just recently installed a 2m/70cm mobile rig in my shack for base station work. I like to work FM simplex and repeaters when the HF bands are not ...
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3answers
2k views

Using inner conductor of a coax feedline as an antenna

Can I use the inside conductor of coax to radiate RF energy? My in-laws have some sort of attic antenna installed many years ago for broadcast reception, which I would love to temporarily co-opt for ...
5
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1answer
582 views

What happens to the “Yo-Yo Tenna” when you coil up its ends for use on higher frequencies?

I have gathered what is basically a Yo-Yo Tenna using some Camco laundry reels and a spool of cheap speaker wire split in half (pretty much exact duplicate of this build as it turns out). I've got a ...
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3answers
163 views

Antenna proximity limit to increasing signal strength via additional receiving antennas?

I have a 900Mhz transmitting antenna that is being received by one receiving antenna at the moment. I want to add a second (and possibly third, fourth, etc) antenna to increase the signal strength. ...
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2answers
321 views

Bandwidth, Q-factor, Radiation Eff calculations

Is it possible to give approximate answers about what an antenna is capable of? There are a lot of formulas out there, but every single one I found is based on actual measurement; input, output, SWR ...
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2answers
1k views

Is it possible to calculate the Q factor for an antenna type, given a frequency?

With only pen and paper, is it possible to calculate the ideal Q-factor for e.g. a dipole antenna, loop etc, given a frequency?
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3answers
4k views

How to produce a NEC antenna file (and what software to use it with)?

So I'm really trying to get to grips with antenna radiation patterns, and more importantly things that are to close to the antenna that might interfere. I've downloaded Qantenna and 4NEC2 to try and ...
5
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1answer
705 views

Minimum thickness of whip antenna

I'm looking at designing a communication system using very low power transmitter (0.1 W) and operating in the 400 Mhz range. For my uses I think a quarter wave whip antenna would work well, so I've ...
4
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1answer
222 views

How far the near-field reactive region extends from the transmitting antenna?

I am doing research on near-field harvesting. In my situation the transmitting antenna is a dipole antenna operating at 2.45 GHz and its length is 14 cm long. I am trying to find how far near-field ...
4
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1answer
639 views

Correct number of elements in 4nec2 antenna simulation

I am designing a 1.25-wavelength dipole antenna with the 4nec2 software. What I noticed is that the input impedance of antenna is changing greatly when I change the number of segments. How many ...
2
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1answer
162 views

Dual Band Antenna Matching

I am building a wideband dual band omni for school. My antenna is about 2m long. The antenna length basically has two sections (divided by ports) - from 0 - 1.8m (This length is for 20-180MHz) and ...
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1answer
128 views

Query about double stacked circular polarized yagis

I have heard that stacking two or more antennas help in increasing the reception gain. Will this be true for transmission? For example, in transmission using double stacked yagis, wouldn't each ...
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2answers
4k views

What is the impedance of a 1.25 λ dipole antenna?

I would like to make a dipole antenna. This particular antenna is used for reception only; no transmission is involved. I would like to receive as much power as possible by this antenna as it is used ...
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2answers
10k views

What is the aperture efficiency of an antenna?

For reflector antennas, I see a number called aperture efficiency. What does it mean?
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1answer
3k views

How does a slot antenna work?

How does a so-called slot antenna work? How can one construct one? What might be the radiation pattern and efficiency compared to a wire antenna? And, if a small slot antenna "works" at mobile ...
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2answers
3k views

How far does an antenna need to be from metal to avoid problems?

Living in an apartment, I'm struggling to get good antennas set up, especially for HF. Worse yet, I'm not allowed external antennas (but am willing to try something low profile on the balcony), my ...
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4answers
2k views

Are antennas circuits?

For an antenna to work, doesn’t charge have to flow through it? A current must be present. To me it indicates it must be a circuit, but how is a dipole a circuit? If they are not circuits, then how ...
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4answers
4k views

What's the difference between “minimum SWR” and “resonance”?

Is the point of minimum SWR equivalent to resonance? Exactly what does resonance mean, anyway?
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1answer
240 views

Is it possible to make a shield that blocks time-varying electric fields, but not time-varying magnetic fields?

Take, for example, a shielded loop antenna. It is often claimed that the antenna is inside the shield, and the shield blocks electric fields from reaching the antenna, while allowing magnetic fields ...
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1answer
85 views

How much distortion would aluminium wire stays for the centre-pole on my inverted-vee cause?

I used nylon rope from the nearest hardware store to stay the centre-mast on my inverted-vee for the 20. The centre-pole is a long long looong bamboo. The trouble is rain here really isn't friendly to ...
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1answer
1k views

How to calculate or estimate surface area of required ground plane for a mobile antenna?

I don't have conditions for installation of a fixed 2 m/70 cm antenna at home, so I'm thinking of using a mobile magnetically mounted antenna on a conductive plate instead. So my question is: What ...
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1answer
1k views

Does a larger Biquad antenna give better results?

Consider a biquad antenna used for receiving, not for sending. They are typically built with each side having a length of $\lambda / 4$. If a biquad antenna was built with a side length of $\lambda / ...
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3answers
2k views

What sort of radiation efficiency can one expect from a folded dipole?

It is pretty well established that folded dipoles have much greater acceptable-SWR bandwidth than ordinary dipoles. Radiation efficiency is simply the quotient of radiated power to the antenna ...
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1answer
358 views

What is the best resonator in Yagi antennas?

As we saw many design for this Yagi feed point. Q1 . Which one would be the best resonator / driven? Gamma match, T-match, delta match, folded dipole, quad, loop? Q2. And what is the reason if ...