Questions tagged [antenna-theory]

Designing antennas, selecting antennas for specific applications, properties of a given antenna design.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
5
votes
2answers
153 views

Can half of a directional antenna (Yagi-Uda, HB9CV) be replaced by a ground plane?

Consider a center-fed dipole antenna. It‘s well understood how the bottom element can be replaced by a ground plane (in practice, generally a few rods but in principle a conducting plate would work as ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

How to calculate of shielded loop antenna correction factor without extra antenna measurements

A lot of article about 60 cm shielded loop antennas and how to measure antenna factor using antennas with already known antenna factor. But for example if I have one shielded loop antenna (...
3
votes
2answers
42 views

Recommendation for hobbyist flight computer radio antenna

I'm a CS college student working on the flight computer of my Rocketry Club's rocket. My flight computer has a 915MHz radio transceiver, and it needs to transmit data to my computer with another radio ...
1
vote
1answer
15 views

What length and number of radials should be used for a dual band vertical whip backpack antenna?

The Situation: Very new Ham I have a 2m/70cm 48" Abree whip antenna, originally designed to be connected directly to an HT I would like to mount this antenna to the side of my hiking backpack, ...
4
votes
2answers
125 views

Heat-shrink as dielectric for bazooka balun?

I'm intending to make a sleeve balun (aka bazooka) for 2m, but rather than keep the lossy coax jacket as a dielectric (I have some RG58), was considering to remove it and replace it with heat shrink ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

How to simulate two antennas in 4nec2

I need to simulate 2 helix antennae placed side by side, and see the resultant radiation pattern. But after adding the second antenna with a separate and when I try to simulate 4nec2, only simulated ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Substitute a car roof with radials?

I have a K40 Plus CB antenna, which is supposed to be attached to a car roof for the ground plane. However, I would like to set this up as a base antenna. Could I instead attach the ground to separate ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

How many turns of wire inside 60 cm shielded loop antenna (9kHz - 30 MHz). How can I find this number without destroying the antenna?

Lots of information about shielded loop antennas is available on the internet. However, antenna manufacturers do not indicate the number of turns. How can I find the number of turns of a manufactured ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Stacked Yagi Gain calculation

I had a quick look at a practice exam for the license in my country and had a question on stacked Yagi antenna. I have been looking around but the only thing I can find is the mention of an additional ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Can I slant-polarize a bay antenna?

I am trying to work a 700mhz LTE signal with a DB2 uhf bowtie television antenna. I find the cellular signal to be horizontally polarized. Can the bowties simply be twisted 45 degrees in both ...
2
votes
2answers
82 views

How does a 40/15m dipole with capacitance hats work?

I followed an article Antenna Here is a Dipole [PDF] by James Hearly, NJ2L to build a dual band 40/15m dipole: The antenna works more or less as expected. My 40m dipole was resonant at 7.030 MHz and ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

60cm 9 kHz 30 MHz Shielded loop antenna behavior as a transmitting antenna

I know how shielded loop antenna work as a receiver antenna. (How behave electric and magnetic field). But I can not understand how shielded loop antenna works as a transmitter. Will it produce only ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

The HPBW of a helical antenna

can someone tell me what are the formulas of HPBW for a helical antenna? I've searched a lot and I saw that there are two different formulas of HPBW for the helical antenna, this one, $$ \mathbf{(HPBW)...
0
votes
3answers
58 views

Loop a long wire antenna or EFHW

For a typical EFHW antenna, let's say we are in a very space-restricted environment, says a hotel room. I am thinking of the idea loop around the wire around the room, maybe even many loops. This is ...
2
votes
4answers
948 views

Are there any antenna that can create disk like lobes?

Are there any antenna that have disk like lobes : Or are there any antenna that have very thin directivity, say lobes be no more wide than few mm.
3
votes
3answers
168 views

Ground-Plane radial sizing, is there such thing as too long?

I'm just trying to make sure I understand the theory correctly. I have some triband VHF/UHF/800MHz antennas, I need to mount on a tower so I plan on using a "mobile to base" conversion kit. ...
2
votes
2answers
513 views

Loop Antenna - configuration?

Due to space limitations, I'm looking at loop antenna designs. I'm starting with receive only, but hope to eventually transmit. I've seen magnetic loops (single turn with a coupled loop) and I'm ...
1
vote
2answers
79 views

What does antenna frequency range mean in practice?

I'm trying to wrap my head around software defined radios and antennas and noticed that lots of antennas are described in terms of a frequency range. For example, this one is described as operating ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Optimising a small magnetic loop with 1:1 SWR but little radiation

I'm trying to build a small magnetic loop for 5W on at least 40m - 20m following ideas of G4ILO's wonder loop. For this, I'm using coax with a ~2mm copper core and ~1mm spacing to the braid (see 1st ...
3
votes
2answers
93 views

How do I use a signal generator + oscilloscope to measure feeder length?

I could relatively easily take the feeder down and use a tape measure but it’s more of a challenge to learn how to measure the length using my oscilloscope -Red Pitaya - but I have to admit I have no ...
2
votes
3answers
80 views

Yagi Antenna - Elements Length

I am currently modeling a yagi antenna using Matlab and after I optimized the antenna, it gave me a director length shorter than the exciter itself (even if the optimization gave me a good gain). From ...
5
votes
3answers
272 views

How far the near-field reactive region extends from the transmitting antenna?

I am doing research on near-field harvesting. In my situation the transmitting antenna is a dipole antenna operating at 2.45 GHz and its length is 14 cm long. I am trying to find how far near-field ...
1
vote
3answers
84 views

Radio Waves propagation (Intuitive Understanding of Wave propagation)

I have few similar questions regarding Radio waves communication particularly FM and AM type of Radio wave communication. Please bear with the naivety of the questions. Questions: Radio waves in FM ...
3
votes
1answer
304 views

Is it possible to make a shield that blocks time-varying electric fields, but not time-varying magnetic fields?

Take, for example, a shielded loop antenna. It is often claimed that the antenna is inside the shield, and the shield blocks electric fields from reaching the antenna, while allowing magnetic fields ...
4
votes
1answer
87 views

How do dual band J poles work?

My understanding is a J pole is a $\frac{1}{2} \lambda$ dipole attached to a $\frac{1}{4} \lambda$ impedance matching element. How does this dual band work? What acts as the impedance matching element ...
15
votes
1answer
2k views

Why do amateur radio operators call an RF choke a balun?

When using a balanced antenna such as a half wave dipole, with an unbalanced feed line such as coax, an RF choke can be used to block RF current emitted by the transmitter from splitting up at the ...
5
votes
1answer
78 views

How does this W6NBC “derivative of the classical slot antenna” work?

Via the https://ham.stackexchange.com/a/9883/1362 answer regarding a slot antenna for a 2m mobile application, I was introduced to this (pdf) interesting antenna design: The designer John Portune (...
1
vote
2answers
78 views

How to match transmitter to Beverage antenna

Beverage antenna consist of pair of transmission lines - one being the "antenna proper", the other ground. The antenna is being fed via open feed line ( approximately 450 Ohms ) - one side ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

Questions about effective isotropic sensitivity(EIS)

Recently, I read something about EIS (effective isotropic sensitivity) and TIS (total isotropic sensitivity). I'm trying to understand the concept, but I find it's quite hard for me. In the book ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Outdoor Terrestial Digital TV Receiver Antenna: 500-700 MHz Band, Can I Make It Work Better?

See the unconventional antenna shown below, The whole antenna is made of two mirror-imaged Alum metal stampings on either side of a 2-cm hollow 31-cm long rectangular plastic boom. The antenna top and ...
5
votes
2answers
127 views

How does this quarter-wave stub balun work?

I was searching for 1:1 balun designs that would be efficient at VHF yet could easily be made from commonly available materials when I came across these two: While the design on the right seems ...
-3
votes
2answers
231 views

How can a half wave dipole which has an impedance of 73 + j43 ohms ever be resonant?

Is it true that for a half wave dipole, cancelling out reactance using for example a gamma match does not make the antenna resonant at all, but rather just cancels out the reactance of what is ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Colocated three orthogonal wire loops for lightning detection network

I'm considering building multi-turn wire loop receive antennas for a blitzortung.org lightning detection receiver. It has three separate channels for H-field antennas, operating simultaneously. ...
7
votes
3answers
669 views

How can the voltage at the center of a resonant half wave dipole be zero if the input impedance is 75 ohms?

If the input impedance of a resonant half wave dipole at the feed point is 75 + j0 ohms, then if an AC sine wave voltage V is applied to the feed point, how can the voltage at the center be zero ? ...
0
votes
4answers
233 views

For a half wave dipole antenna, what's the value of the reactances that cancel out when the antenna is resonant?

According to a few descriptions of antenna fundamentals i've read recently including that in Wikipedia and the ARRL handbook, when a half wave dipole is resonant, the inductive and capacitive ...
2
votes
3answers
101 views

Confusion about dipole standing waves and feed point impedance

The animation below from Wikipedia shows the standing waves of voltage and current on an ideal center fed resonant half wave dipole in free space. The red and blue curves show the change in amplitude ...
0
votes
4answers
110 views

Why is a half wave dipole resonant?

Is the following explanation correct ? RF energy with a wavelength equal to twice the electrical length of the dipole is applied to the feed point at the center of the half wave dipole. To understand ...
4
votes
2answers
114 views

Why do horizontally-polarized RF waves reflect better off ground than vertically-polarized waves?

It's a well-known fact among hams who use HF frequencies that horizontally-polarized RF waves reflect better off of ground than vertically-polarized waves. This explains why ground conductivity is so ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

For a center fed half wave dipole operated at resonance, are the voltage and current in phase only at the feed point?

For a center fed half wave dipole operated at resonance, the voltage and current at the feed point are in phase in time and there is zero reactance present in the impedance seen at the feed point. For ...
2
votes
2answers
126 views

Double Cross antenna: what's wrong with my model?

Important note: After consulting another source, I learned that the article calls for the first pair of opposing dipoles to be fed in phase, with the second pair fed in quadrature to the first pair (...
6
votes
2answers
198 views

For a resonant 1/2 wave dipole, does the reflections being in phase with the applied signal cause the zero reactance seen in the feedpoint impedance?

For a resonant 1/2 wave dipole when used for transmitting, does the fact that the reflected waves on the antenna are in phase with the applied signal result in zero reactance at the feed point, or ...
2
votes
4answers
266 views

Does a resonant antenna work better than a non-resonant antenna?

Some books on antenna fundamentals i've read recently say that, for a half wave resonant dipole when transmitting for example, the traveling wave of movement of charges reflected back from the ends of ...
5
votes
3answers
412 views

Common-mode current and choke placement

Why are chokes usually placed at the feedpoint, can't common-mode currents occur below the choke as well? I understand it's placed at the feedpoint to keep everything balanced by eliminating common-...
18
votes
5answers
14k views

Why do folded dipoles have greater bandwidth than ordinary resonant dipoles?

This is something I've read in passing, but never encountered an explanation of why. For example, Wikipedia says: Another common place one can see dipoles is as antennas for the FM band; these are ...
0
votes
3answers
210 views

How can a vertical Yagi for 10 m be mounted on on a vertical metal mast and be made to work properly? [duplicate]

From a reply to a previous post I've been told that a horizontal tube half a wavelength long mounted right at the junction between the boom on a vertically mounted yagi and a vertical metal pole will ...
0
votes
4answers
102 views

Variable polarization Yagi using two antennas on the same boom, joined together with variable feedpoint phase?

I have been trying for ages to find a way to mount a 10 m vertical Yagi properly, so that the mounting pole doesn't stuff up the impedance and radiation pattern, and have had no luck so far. Apart ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

How do I tune my EFHW 40-10 to have the lowest SWR in the 40, 20 and 15 meter bands?

This is a reading from my RigExpert AA-35 ZOOM of my EFHW 40-10 inverted L with radials, and feedpoint 2 feet above the ground. Any thoughts as to how I can tune or move this antenna to get the ...
10
votes
5answers
1k views

Will electrically joined dipoles of different lengths, at right angles, behave as a multiband antenna?

I haven't seen this done, (which, after more than a century of amateur and professional radio development, is probably a bad sign), but I had an idea the other day for simplifying the setup and feed ...
6
votes
4answers
359 views

Any reason not to choose a discone antenna over a Wide/ MultiBand mobile antenna for TX/RX operations

We are setting up a all-band radio in an emergency com center that's intended most for amateur band use, but since its' for emergency use will also be used in the public safety bands; (150-170)MHz, (...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

On a horizontally setup 20m delta loop I am looking to determine the calculations for the proper length of a feed wire

Base of loop will be about 6 feet above ground. RG-8 or 213 will be used for the feed wire. Ugly balun as well.

1
2 3 4 5
7