Questions tagged [antenna-construction]

Materials and methods for building antennas, and design of supporting (non-conductive) structures. For design of antennas themselves, use [antenna-theory] instead.

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How to build the smallest directional antenna (ISM band)?

What kinds of configurations should I try when trying to make the physically smallest 2.4 GHz (ISM band) antenna that is significantly directional front-to-back. "Smallest" meaning in in cm maximum ...
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3answers
178 views

Ground-Plane radial sizing, is there such thing as too long?

I'm just trying to make sure I understand the theory correctly. I have some triband VHF/UHF/800MHz antennas, I need to mount on a tower so I plan on using a "mobile to base" conversion kit. ...
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1answer
2k views

3 Band (80-40-20 Meter) Fan Dipole Tuning Question

I built a fan dipole according to the basic instructions in the SRI publication describing the theory and basic design. My questions is about next steps in tuning for the various bands. I am ...
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2answers
90 views

Making WiFi access point range shorter on purpose

Not sure if this is the right place to ask, but I'm trying to build a system of multiple WiFi access points that are spread out across a store. Since every smartphone and WiFi enabled device ...
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1answer
463 views

Microstrip Loop Antenna Design

I am trying to design a loop antenna for operation at 2.4 GHz, I would like for it to have above 2.5 dB gain at 2.4 GHz and have relatively good return loss (<-10 dB). I have started my design as ...
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565 views

Suggestions for mounting a mini-whip as high as possible

I've ordered two mini whip antennas from Ebay (Russia) for HF and MW. As power lines cross my city property in a L shape - the only way to get away from them is to go up. So I'm hoping that going 5-...
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775 views

Unexpected Resonance - Dual-Band Dipole

I tried to make a dual-band (2m/70cm) dipole this morning by following the instructions on this page: http://www.amateurradio.bz/2m-70cm_vertical_dipole_antenna.html, with the rather major significant ...
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579 views

WIFI Antenna Design

I have designed a dual band WIFI antenna (2.4-2.5GHz and 5.1-5.7GHz). In 2.4GHz it's completely omnidirectional but with negative gain and in 5.6GHz it's somehow directional but with very good ...
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2answers
568 views

70cm antenna for an apartment

I have a blind friend who can't put anything outside, and is restricted to antennas near the window in his apartment. Luckily he lives closer to the top, which helps with range a little bit. He has a ...
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2answers
60 views

horizontal EFHW antenna attached to gutter

I'm brainstorming methods of mounting an EFHW. Unfortunately, I have no trees, so I'm considering a horizontal gutter mount which would afford me about 70 feet. Is this workable or should I consider a ...
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1answer
124 views

asymmetric shortened dipole

It seems a resonant dipole can be shortened by either loading coils near the center feed point or capacitive "hats" at the ends (and still be resonant). Say I run out of linear physical distance for ...
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2answers
123 views

Running mag loop feedline INSIDE the loop tube

We are building a 4 ft diameter mag loop using 1" copper tube. The coupling loop will be at the top of the loop (we are using a large vacuum cap in a weatherproof box and it is too heavy to be ...
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638 views

How to make a “you're getting warm/cold”/“fox hunting” game based on RF signals

I would like to build a system in which the emitter emits omnidirectional RF signals, and the receiver gets a stronger signal (it does not have to be accurate) with a) closer distance from the emitter ...
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4k views

How do I construct the driven element of a yagi?

I've been poking around the internet on how to make a Yagi for my HT. I understand all the math for cutting directors and reflectors to length and placing them at the correct spacing for 146.52 mHz. ...
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1answer
495 views

Trap dipole tuning up on the wrong band

I'm building a trap dipole for the high HF bands, 10 / 12 / 15 / 17. So far what I've got in the air is: The 10 meter section (4.92 meters, 16.14 feet, resonant at 29Mhz) The 10 meter traps (...
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1answer
2k views

Dual-band yagi on single beam: element positioning

I'm planning to build the WA5JVB Cheap LEO Yagi, which is basically a 2M and a 70cm yagi on the same beam for handheld or tripod use. I'm thinking to do a 3-element 2M and a 5-element 70cm design, ...
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1answer
76 views

Somewhat-directional (cardioid?) antenna for receiving ADS-B?

I recently set up my own RTL-SDR-based ADS-B receiver. I live in a Manhattan high-rise with an eastern view, so I do not get any signals from behind the building (almost: I get the occasional ...
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1answer
227 views

Rhombic Polarization Question, provided radiation maps

I am trying to engineer my first antenna to get on the air. I need to hit a repeater 50 miles away at a lower elevation than me so that I can use its IRLP nodes. Would this mean I am looking for low ...
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2answers
1k views

Where does one find high-voltage variable capacitors and inductors for RF? [closed]

I'm looking to start building various antenna tuning circuits, but I'm limited by my parts inventory. I have pots and mag wire for winding inductors and a nice spectrum of fixed-value capacitors, but ...
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3answers
419 views

Do PCB antennas suit for NOAA and ADS-B?

I saw many designs for creating DIY antennas for NOAA (~137MHz) and ADS-B (~1090MHz) but never seen it in a PCB implementation. So I have a rookie question: why nobody uses PCB antennas for such ...
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3answers
81 views

Yagi Antenna - Elements Length

I am currently modeling a yagi antenna using Matlab and after I optimized the antenna, it gave me a director length shorter than the exciter itself (even if the optimization gave me a good gain). From ...
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2answers
137 views

Antenna experimentation

I want to make a DIY antenna for my Kenwood TH-F6A. Is there any danger of damaging the radio (i.e. by trying an antenna that is unsuitable), or is it safe to experiment?
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729 views

Metal for antenna construction?

What do I need to consider when choosing metal for an antenna? How do I determine what thickness to use?
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2answers
172 views

Magnetic loop antenna : loops vs selectivity

I've built 2-turn magnetic loop RX antenna using 5 meters of 6.5mm copper tube. I was able to tune it with a variable air-spaced capacitor in the range of 1.8-10Mhz, but I noticed that as tuning ...
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2answers
1k views

Hentenna beam…is it possible?

I did a (Amateur Radio) search for 'hentenna' and got not one hit. So, to boldly go where no man has gone before, I want to explore the strange new world of creating a beam antenna with Hentenna DE, ...
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3answers
1k views

How to shorten the length 50 ohm characteritic impedance antenna cable

I have two 50 ohm characteristic impedance cables of which I need to shorten their length to compact my design. (put everything in to a box) The cables I need to shorten are the GPS & GSM antenna ...
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1answer
75 views

Substitute a car roof with radials?

I have a K40 Plus CB antenna, which is supposed to be attached to a car roof for the ground plane. However, I would like to set this up as a base antenna. Could I instead attach the ground to separate ...
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5answers
364 views

Significance of 1/4 wavelength with respect to antennas

I am a new to the radio design field. My question is, 'What is so significant about 1/4 wavelength with respect to antennas.' From the information I have gathered from various sources, it is my ...
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3answers
356 views

High Altitude Balloon Antenna Design

I'm designing a weather balloon with a club at college. We want to build the antenna from scratch to learn more about antennas but are at a loss as to which antenna design would actually work for high ...
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2answers
66 views

Will ferrite rings around a metal pole hide it in an RF sense from my vertical 10 m Yagi?

If i mount my vertical 10 m 4 element yagi directly on a metal pole so that the pole is between the elements and so messes up the radiation pattern and input impedance, if i put lots of type 43 ...
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1answer
398 views

Effect of paint / uv coating on velocity factor of PVC

I own an Ed Fong TBJ-1 antenna, which is like a twin-lead J-Pole with a coax stub and some inductors added. It's enclosed in an unfinished PVC pipe. I'm tempted to paint the PVC with non-conductive ...
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2answers
130 views

Yagi: split or solid driven element?

Short question: What are the advantages and disadvantages of using gamma (solid element) or beta (split element) matching a yagi? Long question: A while ago I built a coil loaded yagi for the 20M ...
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1answer
209 views

When I am told that a dipole must have a determined length, does that include the space between both elements?

I am trying to build an antenna for receiving NOAA satellites and I need to build two 137,5MHz dipoles. When I enter the frequency and width of the wires in a calculator, I obtain that $λ/2=1.09\,\...
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2answers
96 views

Low mass, low frequency transmission line

I'm interested in a low frequency (10 MHz - 100 MHz) radio receiver array, made up of crossed dipole antennas. I'm working on a design project mainly focused on the mechanical engineering side of ...
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1answer
59 views

Wire dipole antenna proving ground / test bench

i am considering building two movable (concrete base with wheels) non metallic poles with hooks every ten centimeters or so, in order to test wire dipoles of various sizes at various heights with an ...
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1answer
143 views

Ferrite Rod Price Differences

We are trying to make a VLF geophysics device for our graduate project and we need two ferrite rod antennas (desired length is 6"). Searching on the internet, we have found two ferrite rod suppliers. ...
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2answers
94 views

Does RF go through thin corrosion better than DC?

I might have a bit of a problem with my groundplane, but I am unsure. I am using a ground screen instead of radials. The problem is the ground screen is made of galvanized metal, but I can see that a ...
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1answer
132 views

Irrigation system for ground plane

Could a aluminum irrigation system over about two acres work as a ground plane? Pros and cons? Shaped like an F but with 4 horizontals rather than 2. Sometimes it has water in it. The two top ...
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2answers
143 views

Thermostat wire for antennas?

While checking out the local hardware store wire section, I came across thermostat wire priced significantly lower than other types. I have been trying to determine the reason but details online are ...
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1answer
734 views

What material is best to design a dipole antenna working at VHF frequency? [duplicate]

I need to design an antenna using the tool FEKO. The antenna is supposed to work in VHF frequency and has a gain of around 2.2 dB. What is the best material to use and what are the specifications of ...
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1answer
805 views

Is it possible to determine if I'm adjusting gamma match in correct direction with an SWR meter and if yes, how?

I've recently obtained a Quad Loop antenna for 2 m and 70 cm that's fed through gamma match, as shown in the picture: The shorter metal bars are connected to the hot side of the BNC, while the longer ...
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2answers
82 views

Magnetic loop antenna: Which side of conductor is the current due to skin effect?

Contemplating a big magnetic loop antenna. Would a wide copper strip be better than a tube with the same conducting surface? Where will all the current be due to the skin effect? Would a flat ring be ...
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1answer
53 views

Antenna Mast near EFHW Inverted L

I have an EFHW 40-10 in inverted L configuration on a fiberglass mast. I'd like to put an aluminum push-up mast nearby for a 6 meter antenna. How close can I get to the EFHW with the push-up mast? ...
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3answers
969 views

Can I build a Yagi antenna for my Baofeng UV-5R?

I would like to build a Yagi antenna for my Baofeng UV-5R, but I'm a total newbie when it comes to amateur radios. The antenna will be for UHF and shouldn't be too long (like 1.5 meters max). So my ...
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1answer
425 views

What does co-phasing of cross-polarized antennas mean?

I was working with the 3GPP release 14.6, and it mentioned that modern communication systems have cross polarized antennas, and in order to perform beam-forming we need to co-phase our pre-coder. Pre-...
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2answers
832 views

Optimal antenna orientation for High altitude balloon?

(First of all, I hope this is the right subform, please correct me if I'm wrong) I am using a 433 Mhz LoRa Radio to communicate with a high altitude balloon and am using an antenna like in this guide ...
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2answers
151 views

Interpretation of NASA design

I'm very interested in replicating a design published by NASA here : https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19670027843.pdf Specifically the arrangement on Page 11. I have a similar ...
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1answer
1k views

Balun and impedance matching suggestions for dipole antenna

I'm a newbie who is attempting to build a half-wave dipole antenna that will be located in the rudder of a sailplane. 123.3 MHz is the most important frequency to me, although it's reasonable to ...
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1answer
241 views

How do I simulate a receiving antenna in EZNEC simulation tool?

I have a situation where I need to find receiving antenna impedance when it’s $\lambda/2$ distance from the transmitting antenna. Both are dipole antennas. Is it possible with EZNEC?
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1answer
587 views

Vertical dipole as a mobile antenna counterpoise?

I have a NMO mount antenna- 1/2 wave on 2 meters. I am going to stick it on top of a PVC pipe which is 5 feet tall. Since this is a bicycle mobile antenna, I do not have the option of large radials ...