Questions tagged [antenna-construction]

Materials and methods for building antennas, and design of supporting (non-conductive) structures. For design of antennas themselves, use [antenna-theory] instead.

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Is copper-clad steel a good material for wire antennas?

There are some people selling steel wire plated with copper for making wire antennas. Perhaps the most well-known brand of this product, Copperweld, makes at least two kinds of copper-clad wire, ...
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3answers
4k views

What type of solder is best suited for radio and electronic use?

Many types of solder are available today, such as acid-core, silver, rosin-core and aluminum solder. What kind should I use for building antennas and radio equipment? Why? From test question: T7D08
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1answer
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Connect Printed Yagi-Uda Dipole Array with Balun to coaxial cable correctly

I am making the Printed Yagi-Uda Dipole Array with Balun (that is the full name). I used Antenna Magus to calculate dimensions. I am not sure how to properly connect it to coaxial cable. Here is what ...
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1answer
208 views

Antenna for receiving 868MHz rocket telemetry: QFH(QHA), Helical, or?

I'm building a radio communication system for an amateur rocket project. We've decided to use LoRa 868MHz system. My question is, which antenna for the ground station will be the best choice? We're ...
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1answer
115 views

Do Loading Coils Supply “Missing Degrees” to Electrically Short Radiators?

References are made on this and other websites to the effect that loading coils can/will supply "missing degrees" to electrically short radiators. But do they?
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2answers
721 views

How to adapt commercial VHF yagi for 2 meter amateur use?

I recently acquired a Decibel 3-element VHF Yagi that was formerly in commercial service. I connected my MFJ-259B antenna analyzer to the antenna and found its minimum SWR at 155 MHz. I have not ...
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1answer
534 views

Does the wire/conductor size of all the elements affect antenna bandwidth?

Does the wire diameter of the reflector and the directors of a beam antenna affect the bandwidth or is it only the driven element diameter that has this effect?
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1answer
846 views

Minimum thickness of whip antenna

I'm looking at designing a communication system using very low power transmitter (0.1 W) and operating in the 400 Mhz range. For my uses I think a quarter wave whip antenna would work well, so I've ...
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1answer
519 views

Necessary spacing for 1 kW Gamma Match on 144 MHz

I'm working on a 144 MHz antenna using a gamma match. The best result (resonance 50+j0 at 144.400 MHz) I reached is a 10 mm diameter gamma rod, 15 cm long and a capacity of 10 pF. I thought to obtain ...
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2answers
4k views

Tuning/trimming a ground plane antenna

I've built a ground plane antenna with a 19.5" vertical and 4 20" radials. Currently, at 147.135 MHz my SWR is 3:1, clearly not ideal (and even bad for the transmitter!). I'm reluctant to start ...
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4answers
905 views

Is string trimmer line suitable for supporting antennas?

In searching for suitable materials for a wire antenna, I found a few mentions of using string trimmer line to hold up each end of the antenna. This would be a nice option as it is readily available ...
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1answer
266 views

How do I design a dual band LPDA antenna?

Im not sure if this is the best place to ask a question like this but its the best place i could find. My goal is to build a dual band antenna similar to this one. That covers ...
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2answers
660 views

Ferrite beads on a wire antenna?

Will putting a ferrite bead or beads near (but not at) the end(s) of a wire antenna electrically lengthen or shorten it? (lower or raise its resonant frequency)?
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6answers
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Tune a very short 3-5m random wire for 40m (around 7.030 MHz) for listening or occasional QRP CW sending

I would like to use a small trx first for listening CW on 7030 kHz and then for transmitting, locally, among friends. My conditions are "prohibitive" as for antennas: a block of flats, 4th floor in ...
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1answer
94 views

Steel Directors with Copper DE

I found old plans for a quagi that uses copper for the Reflector and Driven Element and any 1/8" metal available for the directors. The general recommendation for antennas is: no steel for the DE. Is ...
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2answers
2k views

Ideal antenna type for FM 2 meters?

Clearly, building a Yagi tuned for 2 meters will likely have the best directional performance. Putting that aside, I'm trying to get information on what antenna type will have the best overall ...
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3answers
166 views

Substitute for Dacron rope in antennas

I am building an antenna that specifies the use of Dacron rope to help support the spreaders, but that is not readily available in Trinidad and Tobago. What will be a good replacement with regards to ...
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1answer
473 views

Dipole Center Spacing

I have a question about dipole construction. I am working with a turnstile, but building dipoles to validate my system with linearly polarized transmission before moving on to circular. My design has ...
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2answers
340 views

Recommendations for starting out with HF for an amateur

I'm a beginner who's nearly half a year from receiving my ham license in India. I want to start with HF radio and wish to build my own rig. Currently I have looked and multiple designs using the ...
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2answers
131 views

Heat-shrink as dielectric for bazooka balun?

I'm intending to make a sleeve balun (aka bazooka) for 2m, but rather than keep the lossy coax jacket as a dielectric (I have some RG58), was considering to remove it and replace it with heat shrink ...
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1answer
229 views

Will painting a 4 element 10 m yagi using conductive paint onto the side of a building work?

Will painting a 4 element yagi using conductive paint onto the side of a building work?
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2answers
2k views

Can an HF antenna be put inside a tree?

There are some trees around with branchy tops that seem wider than half of 10M, maybe even half of 20M, and above the nearby rooftops. Can a wire dipole or a vertical be mounted inside a tree? If so,...
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2answers
221 views

100MHz to 1000MHz Antennas for Transmit and Receive

I am building a ground and wall penetrating frequency modulated continuous wave radar. The only components that I have not been able to track down are the antennas. I need two antennas (one for ...
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2answers
879 views

Cross Yagi Antenna Design

What will be the effect if I add the insulation between elements and metallic boom of the cross yagi antenna (where elements from outside of the boom, instead of through boom) and in this case boom ...
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2answers
214 views

Antenna Design for specific directions

I am designing an antenna for a device and was hoping to gain some insight in the correct design direction for the antenna. The Idea: A receiver & antenna that fits in a 6" diameter by 3" deep ...
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1answer
120 views

Commercial Loopstick Antenna Manufacturers?

I am an electrical engineer working on a product that needs a loopstick antenna. I had thought that AM radios were so commoditized that I'd be able to find an off-the-shelf vendor. However the closest ...
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1answer
888 views

What is the difference between “Cross Polarized” vs “Circularly Polarized” Antennas?

What is the difference between cross-polarized yagi antennas and circularly polarized antennas?
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2answers
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Does a receiving antenna need radials?

I am very new to radio and am using two 433MHz 1/4 wavelength monopole antennas to send and receive data. On the transmitting antenna I'm going to add radials (as it is the standard in my application)...
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4answers
495 views

Plastic predator bird props — Are they effective? How to mount them?

Are plastic predator bird props any effective at keeping away real birds from our antennas? Can I mount such a plastic predator bird with screws or does it need to wiggle in the wind to be effective? ...
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3answers
319 views

How do I get my crystal radio to receive?

My 8 year old and I are trying to figure out how to get this crystal radio we made working. It's based off this youtube video. We get clicks when we put the crystal ear piece either side of the ...
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5answers
135 views

2.45GHz: constructing a horn of *thin* steel, what are good ways to join the edges (at least one joint along corner?)

TL/DR: How does someone make a good horn antenna system without using expensively made parts? Welding thin steel for this is not something even pro welders can do (it's a specialty app.) What are DIY ...
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2answers
508 views

How does an E-Z-O Antenna work and why does it appear in Wikipedia's article on quad antennas?

How are the conductors/radiators in the E-Z-O Antenna configured, and why is it described in Wikipedia's article Quad antenna? I see three circles and a spider web of wires inside each, but from an ...
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3answers
1k views

What happens to a vertical Yagi when you mount it on a vertical metal pole?

How much difference does a metal pole make when it's sitting in the middle of all the lower elements of my beautiful new highly optimized to the max YO.EXE 10 m yagi ? I get it that the closeness of ...
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3answers
2k views

Optimising a small magnetic loop with 1:1 SWR but little radiation

I'm trying to build a small magnetic loop for 5W on at least 40m - 20m following ideas of G4ILO's wonder loop. For this, I'm using coax with a ~2mm copper core and ~1mm spacing to the braid (see 1st ...
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2answers
225 views

Antenna design - Ground plane in simulation and in practice

For monopole antennas, the ground plane acts as another arm of an equivalent dipole antenna. I'm wondering how we can expect the behavior of that antenna in practice, because the ground plane is ...
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2answers
147 views

Is the Boom Strictly Necessary in a Vertical Dipole?

I'm planning to build a vertical dipole for 4m and a club member pointed out that my design needs to allow for a boom that should be at least a 1/4 wave long. Why does a vertical dipole need a boom ...
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1answer
618 views

What is the turn spacing on a Helix Antenna?

I want to do some satellite communication so I thought why not build my own helix antenna. I found this page: Helix antenna design and construction details The most things are clear except for the ...
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2answers
319 views

Good Coating for a Radome

My club has a well used Motorola branded StationMaster UHF repeater antenna that needs to be sanded and recoated. Besides the surface, the antenna is in very good working order so we're not ...
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1answer
110 views

UHF cubical quad VNA analysis interpretation

I've designed a two element UHF cubical quad. It was designed to resonate at 385 Mhz. I used 0.1mm thick and 1cm wide copper tape instead of wire to lower the antenna Q. I used PVC electrical conduit ...
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2answers
237 views

House wiring as an antenna on HF and 2 meters?

The apartment I live in is a 1970s type without access to the outdoors. It does have a balcony. A 2m transceiver is the only radio which will enable me to reach the ham world. Would be possible to ...
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2answers
213 views

Shortwave antenna wire — do I care about “corona discharge”?

Just researching an outdoor long run shortwave antenna. I found some cheap wire online but it said it is resistant to corona discharge: Will satisfy a wide number of applications related to medical,...
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2answers
1k views

Stabilization of an antenna pole with anchoring cables

I am mounting my first antenna. It is a TRAM 1481 (about 16' height), which will be placed on a 20' pole, on my home's flat roof (about 25' height). To properly stabilize the pole/antenna: - How far ...
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2answers
1k views

Dipole versus ungrounded end fed for HF RX

I've built a 2 meter ground plane antenna that works pretty well for RX and has a decent SWR on 2 meters with my Alinco. However, I'm experimenting with SDR quite a bit and would really like to build ...
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3answers
63 views

Recommendation for hobbyist flight computer radio antenna

I'm a CS college student working on the flight computer of my Rocketry Club's rocket. My flight computer has a 915MHz radio transceiver, and it needs to transmit data to my computer with another radio ...
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2answers
115 views

Dielectric Constant of Insulation/RF Permeability

I recently purchased a 500-foot roll of military surplus 14 AWG stranded copper wire at a hamfest for next to nothing . It is Prestolite M13486/1-6 (spec sheet). It has very thick chlorinated ...
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2answers
400 views

Will wrapping an antenna around my house next to metal affect it?

My unit is 25' by 25' each side and the front is 22' across. The overhang is about one foot with aluminum and vinyl underneath. If I wrap an OCF dipole (fed with 4:1 balun) around this overhang in ...
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1answer
1k views

Twisting copper wire for a less-flexible DIY antenna

I am making DIY antenna for a home project. The antenna is going to be "V-dipole" with leg length about 53cm. Unfortunately, I didn't find a thick copper wire, but I have a lot of thin core from tv ...
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3answers
793 views

Mounting a J-Pole and Yagi on the same mast

I have two 2-meter antennas, a copper J-Pole and a Hy-Gain VB-25FM. The J-Pole is my all-around antenna, what I use for general 2 meter stuff like connecting to my local repeaters using my main 2-...
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1answer
426 views

Understanding of NFC Reader Antenna matching

I have been designing a 20 x 20 cm square NFC reader antenna which looks like this: In order to make it work and detect NFC tags at certain distance, it needs to be matched. To do that I was trying ...
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1answer
551 views

Is a J-pole an appropriate antenna for mounting to a steel handrail?

Last year, a group of us placed a battery-powered 2m digipeater using a J-pole antenna on a mountaintop. We're planning on doing the same this year except we plan to use a surge arrestor from the feed ...