Questions tagged [antenna-construction]

Materials and methods for building antennas, and design of supporting (non-conductive) structures. For design of antennas themselves, use [antenna-theory] instead.

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6
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2answers
803 views

Dipole Antenna Current Distribution at any Time Instant

Above is a connection of half-wave dipole antenna. The book states that the current profile is same at any given time instant on both the radiators, each of quarter wavelength length. Now my ...
5
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8answers
7k views

How does the length of a metal sleeve around a (shieled) coax cable affect antenna performance?

A post on http://adsbexchange.com/forums/topic/beginners-2-cantenna-easy-diy-antenna-to-improve-rangeplane-count uses a $\frac{\lambda}{4}$ sleeve made of a pop can beneath a $\frac{\lambda}{4}$ wire ...
5
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1answer
395 views

Does the wire/conductor size of all the elements affect antenna bandwidth?

Does the wire diameter of the reflector and the directors of a beam antenna affect the bandwidth or is it only the driven element diameter that has this effect?
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2answers
92 views

Identify these components

First post here yay! I am repairing Shengda sdhf dual band antenna (looks similar to a Comet x50) it showed a SWR of >3 on both UHF and VHF. I opened it up and the only connection I could see ...
2
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2answers
146 views

Interpretation of NASA design

I'm very interested in replicating a design published by NASA here : https://ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19670027843.pdf Specifically the arrangement on Page 11. I have a similar ...
3
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1answer
372 views

Dipole Center Spacing

I have a question about dipole construction. I am working with a turnstile, but building dipoles to validate my system with linearly polarized transmission before moving on to circular. My design has ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Hentenna beam…is it possible?

I did a (Amateur Radio) search for 'hentenna' and got not one hit. So, to boldly go where no man has gone before, I want to explore the strange new world of creating a beam antenna with Hentenna DE, ...
3
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2answers
553 views

How to make a “you're getting warm/cold”/“fox hunting” game based on RF signals

I would like to build a system in which the emitter emits omnidirectional RF signals, and the receiver gets a stronger signal (it does not have to be accurate) with a) closer distance from the emitter ...
7
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3answers
265 views

Wider wire = picks up more energy, yah?

I have seen many discussions re: wire gauge, insulation, velocity factor and K-factor...unfortunately, statements from various sources are not always in agreement, but that is not the issue. The issue ...
8
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2answers
925 views

cubesat turnstile antenna material selection

My cubesat team is working on our design for rolled whip antennas to deploy in a UHF turnstile configuration based on this design: What I would like advice on is the material for the antennas ...
4
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1answer
92 views

Steel Directors with Copper DE

I found old plans for a quagi that uses copper for the Reflector and Driven Element and any 1/8" metal available for the directors. The general recommendation for antennas is: no steel for the DE. Is ...
0
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1answer
261 views

RCA victor 35x tube radio loop antenna replica?

There is this one youtube video I have not been able to find again, where someone with a similar model radio was making replica of the original loop antenna on the back. I am wanting to make a ...
1
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2answers
243 views

Measured forward power less than “usual”

I've just tried making my own J pole antenna. While matching for lowest SWR on the SWR meter, I noticed that my FTM400 didn't show 5 W forward power. I hardly saw the reflected power needle move so I ...
6
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7answers
6k views

What is the attraction of vertical antennas for HF?

I understand that MW broadcast stations use vertical antennas because that polarization works much better for groundwave propagation. But in amateur radio, I would assume the focus for communications ...
2
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1answer
1k views

Balun and impedance matching suggestions for dipole antenna

I'm a newbie who is attempting to build a half-wave dipole antenna that will be located in the rudder of a sailplane. 123.3 MHz is the most important frequency to me, although it's reasonable to ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

What parameters are currently possible in a directional antenna less than 5mm long?

I'm curious what kind of directional antennas could fit inside a cell phone, which would require it to be 5mm or less in its longest dimension. I know that the length of a directional antenna is often ...
3
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4answers
441 views

Plastic predator bird props — Are they effective? How to mount them?

Are plastic predator bird props any effective at keeping away real birds from our antennas? Can I mount such a plastic predator bird with screws or does it need to wiggle in the wind to be effective? ...
1
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3answers
802 views

Better antenna for 433 MHz

I am using a FS1000a Transmitter and a MX-RM-5V Reciever for transmitting Sensor Data inside my flat to an Arduino Device. (13 Chars every 10 Seconds) The same Transmitter type is also used for ...
1
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1answer
174 views

What are the wire lengths of the RadioWavz OCF 40m dipole?

I was recently gifted the RadioWavz DX40 Short sans wire. I have the balun and the wound inductor, but can't find any information as to the proper lengths of wire for this antenna. I can find general ...
3
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3answers
3k views

How do I construct the driven element of a yagi?

I've been poking around the internet on how to make a Yagi for my HT. I understand all the math for cutting directors and reflectors to length and placing them at the correct spacing for 146.52 mHz. ...
1
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2answers
529 views

Airband VHF antenna challenge

I have a very difficult antenna design/installation challenge. I need to install an VHF antenna (118 to 140 MHz) into a nearly all carbon fiber glider. The radio provides 5 watts and 50 ohm, and most ...
5
votes
1answer
486 views

Necessary spacing for 1 kW Gamma Match on 144 MHz

I'm working on a 144 MHz antenna using a gamma match. The best result (resonance 50+j0 at 144.400 MHz) I reached is a 10 mm diameter gamma rod, 15 cm long and a capacity of 10 pF. I thought to obtain ...
1
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2answers
321 views

Bandwidth, Q-factor, Radiation Eff calculations

Is it possible to give approximate answers about what an antenna is capable of? There are a lot of formulas out there, but every single one I found is based on actual measurement; input, output, SWR ...
2
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1answer
216 views

How do I simulate a receiving antenna in EZNEC simulation tool?

I have a situation where I need to find receiving antenna impedance when it’s $\lambda/2$ distance from the transmitting antenna. Both are dipole antennas. Is it possible with EZNEC?
5
votes
1answer
705 views

Minimum thickness of whip antenna

I'm looking at designing a communication system using very low power transmitter (0.1 W) and operating in the 400 Mhz range. For my uses I think a quarter wave whip antenna would work well, so I've ...
7
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2answers
564 views

Simulating two antennas (transmitter and receiver) using 4nec2 tool

I am trying to find near field mutual coupling affects between two antennas - one being transmitter and other being receiver. The receing antenna is fed with very little voltage (I think, if I don't ...
2
votes
1answer
525 views

Is it possible to determine if I'm adjusting gamma match in correct direction with an SWR meter and if yes, how?

I've recently obtained a Quad Loop antenna for 2 m and 70 cm that's fed through gamma match, as shown in the picture: The shorter metal bars are connected to the hot side of the BNC, while the longer ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Tuning/trimming a ground plane antenna

I've built a ground plane antenna with a 19.5" vertical and 4 20" radials. Currently, at 147.135 MHz my SWR is 3:1, clearly not ideal (and even bad for the transmitter!). I'm reluctant to start ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Ideal antenna type for FM 2 meters?

Clearly, building a Yagi tuned for 2 meters will likely have the best directional performance. Putting that aside, I'm trying to get information on what antenna type will have the best overall ...
3
votes
2answers
958 views

Dipole versus ungrounded end fed for HF RX

I've built a 2 meter ground plane antenna that works pretty well for RX and has a decent SWR on 2 meters with my Alinco. However, I'm experimenting with SDR quite a bit and would really like to build ...
3
votes
1answer
206 views

Rhombic Polarization Question, provided radiation maps

I am trying to engineer my first antenna to get on the air. I need to hit a repeater 50 miles away at a lower elevation than me so that I can use its IRLP nodes. Would this mean I am looking for low ...
4
votes
2answers
841 views

Cross Yagi Antenna Design

What will be the effect if I add the insulation between elements and metallic boom of the cross yagi antenna (where elements from outside of the boom, instead of through boom) and in this case boom ...
-1
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2answers
391 views

Choosing a type of array antenna

I want to design a steerable beam array antenna which has 15 dBi directivity using uniform fed infinitesimal dipole elements at 1GHz frequency occupying physical aperture. Considering that phases of ...
3
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3answers
542 views

WIFI Antenna Design

I have designed a dual band WIFI antenna (2.4-2.5GHz and 5.1-5.7GHz). In 2.4GHz it's completely omnidirectional but with negative gain and in 5.6GHz it's somehow directional but with very good ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

How to build the smallest directional antenna (ISM band)?

What kinds of configurations should I try when trying to make the physically smallest 2.4 GHz (ISM band) antenna that is significantly directional front-to-back. "Smallest" meaning in in cm maximum ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

Ferrite Rod Price Differences

We are trying to make a VLF geophysics device for our graduate project and we need two ferrite rod antennas (desired length is 6"). Searching on the internet, we have found two ferrite rod suppliers. ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Where does one find high-voltage variable capacitors and inductors for RF? [closed]

I'm looking to start building various antenna tuning circuits, but I'm limited by my parts inventory. I have pots and mag wire for winding inductors and a nice spectrum of fixed-value capacitors, but ...
3
votes
2answers
521 views

70cm antenna for an apartment

I have a blind friend who can't put anything outside, and is restricted to antennas near the window in his apartment. Luckily he lives closer to the top, which helps with range a little bit. He has a ...
2
votes
1answer
543 views

Vertical dipole as a mobile antenna counterpoise?

I have a NMO mount antenna- 1/2 wave on 2 meters. I am going to stick it on top of a PVC pipe which is 5 feet tall. Since this is a bicycle mobile antenna, I do not have the option of large radials ...
3
votes
1answer
464 views

Trap dipole tuning up on the wrong band

I'm building a trap dipole for the high HF bands, 10 / 12 / 15 / 17. So far what I've got in the air is: The 10 meter section (4.92 meters, 16.14 feet, resonant at 29Mhz) The 10 meter traps (...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Connect Printed Yagi-Uda Dipole Array with Balun to coaxial cable correctly

I am making the Printed Yagi-Uda Dipole Array with Balun (that is the full name). I used Antenna Magus to calculate dimensions. I am not sure how to properly connect it to coaxial cable. Here is what ...
10
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1answer
4k views

How to design a rubber ducky antenna

I am attempting to design an antenna for a 162.4 MHz omni receive only application and am confident it is going to be difficult if not impossible. I have very tight specs on space(6" diameter by 3" ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Dual-band yagi on single beam: element positioning

I'm planning to build the WA5JVB Cheap LEO Yagi, which is basically a 2M and a 70cm yagi on the same beam for handheld or tripod use. I'm thinking to do a 3-element 2M and a 5-element 70cm design, ...
10
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4answers
8k views

Is an antenna analyzer necessary for building antennas?

I'd like to try my hand at building a few antennas for VHF/UHF use. I'm going to be going approximately from established designs, but obviously the final result will require some tuning. I don't ...
5
votes
3answers
6k views

What is the velocity factor of a wire?

This is Belden 9223. It is a 50-ohm coaxial cable, velocity factor 0.56 This is Belden 8524. It is a 22 AWG hookup wire. No velocity factor in the datasheet. Why does the coax datasheet have a ...
12
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3answers
7k views

Protect rig from static charge on antenna

How can I continuously discharge static from my end-fed antenna? My Electraft K2/100's autotuner (schematics) has an SWR bridge using two 1N5711 pin diodes. These diodes get blown if any static ...
3
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1answer
267 views

Recommendations for starting out with HF for an amateur

I'm a beginner who's nearly half a year from receiving my ham license in India. I want to start with HF radio and wish to build my own rig. Currently I have looked and multiple designs using the ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

How to shorten the length 50 ohm characteritic impedance antenna cable

I have two 50 ohm characteristic impedance cables of which I need to shorten their length to compact my design. (put everything in to a box) The cables I need to shorten are the GPS & GSM antenna ...
4
votes
2answers
205 views

Antenna Design for specific directions

I am designing an antenna for a device and was hoping to gain some insight in the correct design direction for the antenna. The Idea: A receiver & antenna that fits in a 6" diameter by 3" deep ...
6
votes
2answers
413 views

How to determine if my antenna is an effective radiator?

So I build an antenna, tune it with the SWR and make it look great for a 50 ohm load. That does not determine if it is good at getting a signal out or not, it could just be a 50 ohm dummy load. ...