Questions tagged [antenna-construction]

Materials and methods for building antennas, and design of supporting (non-conductive) structures. For design of antennas themselves, use [antenna-theory] instead.

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2k views

How to best connect an FM transmitting GPIO pin to an antenna?

I'm trying to use a RaspberryPi3 as a FM transmitter, using pifm and/or PiFmRds to send audio in 88-108 MHz band. The RPi can then use the GPIO-4 pin to transmit between ...
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2answers
98 views

Low mass, low frequency transmission line

I'm interested in a low frequency (10 MHz - 100 MHz) radio receiver array, made up of crossed dipole antennas. I'm working on a design project mainly focused on the mechanical engineering side of ...
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1answer
378 views

How do I use multiple antennas with two or more radios?

I'm building multiple antennas tuned to different amateur bands and would like them connected to my SDR for remote listening and analysis, and a handheld radio for transmission, which I may upgrade or ...
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3answers
4k views

What type of solder is best suited for radio and electronic use?

Many types of solder are available today, such as acid-core, silver, rosin-core and aluminum solder. What kind should I use for building antennas and radio equipment? Why? From test question: T7D08
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Proper magnetic mount placement on roof

I have a Nissan Versa 2012 (hatchback). It comes with one of those default antennas at the back/center of the roof, for listening to AM/FM radio stations. I have a dual band mag-mount (TRAM 1185), ...
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3answers
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What happens to a vertical Yagi when you mount it on a vertical metal pole?

How much difference does a metal pole make when it's sitting in the middle of all the lower elements of my beautiful new highly optimized to the max YO.EXE 10 m yagi ? I get it that the closeness of ...
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3answers
1k views

antenna in the rain

What kind of changes can be expected in the behavior (resonance, SWR, etc.) of a mobile vertical HF antenna between dry conditions and wet rainy weather? (assume a coax feed-line and low SWR in dry ...
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2answers
227 views

Shortwave antenna wire — do I care about “corona discharge”?

Just researching an outdoor long run shortwave antenna. I found some cheap wire online but it said it is resistant to corona discharge: Will satisfy a wide number of applications related to medical,...
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4answers
508 views

Plastic predator bird props — Are they effective? How to mount them?

Are plastic predator bird props any effective at keeping away real birds from our antennas? Can I mount such a plastic predator bird with screws or does it need to wiggle in the wind to be effective? ...
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4answers
3k views

Capacitive hats on wire dipoles?

Capacitive hats seem to be advertised as an option for mobile vertical antennas. One mentioned advantage is the they can widen the SWR bandwidth, making the antenna easier to tune. What might be the ...
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1answer
3k views

Homebrew 2 meter Yagi construction

Here is what I have • A Baofeng Uv-82 transceiver • A 1/2 inch 10 foot PVC pipe • 3 1/4 inch x 36 inch Aluminum rods • 2 1/4 inch x 48 inch Steel rods (I know they'll rust, it's just temporary to ...
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1answer
159 views

asymmetric shortened dipole

It seems a resonant dipole can be shortened by either loading coils near the center feed point or capacitive "hats" at the ends (and still be resonant). Say I run out of linear physical distance for ...
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1k views

Simple Longwire/Dipole Antenna design

In a couple of days I am going to a mountain cabin and I were thinking about making myself a semi broadband antenna for LF/HF (300KHz - 20MHz or so) for receiving only. I was thinking about creating ...
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3answers
466 views

Can I use a helical ground plane radial in the same way that a loading coil works?

I'm working out the science behind mounting an antenna on a vehicle, and I came across the concept of ground planes. This answer says that longer is better but don't worry about it too much, but this ...
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1answer
262 views

Antenna for receiving 868MHz rocket telemetry: QFH(QHA), Helical, or?

I'm building a radio communication system for an amateur rocket project. We've decided to use LoRa 868MHz system. My question is, which antenna for the ground station will be the best choice? We're ...
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1answer
139 views

Irrigation system for ground plane

Could a aluminum irrigation system over about two acres work as a ground plane? Pros and cons? Shaped like an F but with 4 horizontals rather than 2. Sometimes it has water in it. The two top ...
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1answer
65 views

Effect of small amount of metal on twin-lead

I have a G5RV Jr. antenna on a fiberglass mast at 10m height. The only metal on the mast is a 1/8" thick steel guy ring with stainless steel snap links, plus a few small metal screws. Hanging freely,...
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2answers
546 views

Will wrapping an antenna around my house next to metal affect it?

My unit is 25' by 25' each side and the front is 22' across. The overhang is about one foot with aluminum and vinyl underneath. If I wrap an OCF dipole (fed with 4:1 balun) around this overhang in ...
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1answer
563 views

How to make a ferrite bar antenna for RTL-SDR?

I bought a RTL-SDR (blue one with little MCX antenna). I modified its Q branch, and can receive short wave radio with Degen 31MS antenna now. For MW, Degen 31MS antenna has a ferrite bar antenna ...
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2answers
730 views

RF Antenna - V pole - Should one leg go to ground and the other to signal?

I'm attempting to follow this white paper in order to build an antenna. This is my first antenna and as such I have a rather simple question. DIY 137 MHz APT Weather satellite antenna by Adam-9A4QV ...
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1answer
104 views

Antenna Type of a Chinese Antenna

Recently, I have received an antenna from one of the Chinese manufacturer and they haven't disclosed the detailed specification with us. Below is the picture of my antenna (please ignore the ...
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3answers
1k views

Size of ground plane disk for vertical antennas?

I’m looking for information about the diameter of a ground plane disk that I can use with a regular car radio and car type antennas in my home. DIY would be best, or any other ideas for a antenna that ...
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5answers
2k views

Wire antenna slightly too long

Say I have a wire antenna that is slightly (a few percent) too long for the desired frequency (of resonance or lowest SWR). What are the options, other than cutting the wire(s) and very likely ending ...
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2answers
139 views

Running mag loop feedline INSIDE the loop tube

We are building a 4 ft diameter mag loop using 1" copper tube. The coupling loop will be at the top of the loop (we are using a large vacuum cap in a weatherproof box and it is too heavy to be ...
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2answers
266 views

100MHz to 1000MHz Antennas for Transmit and Receive

I am building a ground and wall penetrating frequency modulated continuous wave radar. The only components that I have not been able to track down are the antennas. I need two antennas (one for ...
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1answer
128 views

Do Loading Coils Supply “Missing Degrees” to Electrically Short Radiators?

References are made on this and other websites to the effect that loading coils can/will supply "missing degrees" to electrically short radiators. But do they?
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1answer
507 views

What does co-phasing of cross-polarized antennas mean?

I was working with the 3GPP release 14.6, and it mentioned that modern communication systems have cross polarized antennas, and in order to perform beam-forming we need to co-phase our pre-coder. Pre-...
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1answer
61 views

Wire dipole antenna proving ground / test bench

i am considering building two movable (concrete base with wheels) non metallic poles with hooks every ten centimeters or so, in order to test wire dipoles of various sizes at various heights with an ...
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3answers
266 views

Will an iron chimney work well as an antenna?

There is an iron chimney near my house that is not used anymore. It is ~15 meters in length and ~0.5 meter in diameter. How good will it be as an antenna for rtl-sdr?
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1answer
1k views

Twisting copper wire for a less-flexible DIY antenna

I am making DIY antenna for a home project. The antenna is going to be "V-dipole" with leg length about 53cm. Unfortunately, I didn't find a thick copper wire, but I have a lot of thin core from tv ...
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3answers
517 views

Do PCB antennas suit for NOAA and ADS-B?

I saw many designs for creating DIY antennas for NOAA (~137MHz) and ADS-B (~1090MHz) but never seen it in a PCB implementation. So I have a rookie question: why nobody uses PCB antennas for such ...
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3answers
1k views

Mounting a J-Pole and Yagi on the same mast

I have two 2-meter antennas, a copper J-Pole and a Hy-Gain VB-25FM. The J-Pole is my all-around antenna, what I use for general 2 meter stuff like connecting to my local repeaters using my main 2-...
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2answers
7k views

Can I use a CB antenna with a ham radio?

I just passed General and purchased a FT-450D with an internal antenna tuner. While my ultimate plan is to use a G5RV, it will be a while before I can get it up. What modifications would I need to ...
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1answer
862 views

How does aluminum siding on a house affect an inverted-vee antenna next to it?

My two-storey house is wood with alumninum siding. I had wanted to install an inverted-vee antenna with its midpoint hanging from the eave, and endpoints near the ground, but this would place the ...
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2answers
2k views

Ideal antenna type for FM 2 meters?

Clearly, building a Yagi tuned for 2 meters will likely have the best directional performance. Putting that aside, I'm trying to get information on what antenna type will have the best overall ...
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2answers
275 views

Antenna design - Ground plane in simulation and in practice

For monopole antennas, the ground plane acts as another arm of an equivalent dipole antenna. I'm wondering how we can expect the behavior of that antenna in practice, because the ground plane is ...
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5answers
1k views

How important is the impedance and resonance of a receive antenna?

I'm very new to shortwave radio, as evidenced here: Can an antenna be too powerful for certain receivers? I want to build a longwire receive-only antenna for the HF frequencies. I've been using ...
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1answer
510 views

Understanding of NFC Reader Antenna matching

I have been designing a 20 x 20 cm square NFC reader antenna which looks like this: In order to make it work and detect NFC tags at certain distance, it needs to be matched. To do that I was trying ...
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1answer
249 views

NFC coil matching - Q factor improvement

I have been trying to match my NFC reader coil of size 20*20 cm with a three element circuit - one capacitor in series, another in parallel and one resistor in parallel. I have been using Texas ...
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1answer
661 views

Is a J-pole an appropriate antenna for mounting to a steel handrail?

Last year, a group of us placed a battery-powered 2m digipeater using a J-pole antenna on a mountaintop. We're planning on doing the same this year except we plan to use a surge arrestor from the feed ...
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1answer
177 views

Will stainless steel bolts work with my copper antenna?

My antenna is copper, elements and the beam. I would like to bolt them together where they cross. Would stainless bolts work? Just sweating them together lets them twist and move some in high winds.
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2answers
162 views

Thermostat wire for antennas?

While checking out the local hardware store wire section, I came across thermostat wire priced significantly lower than other types. I have been trying to determine the reason but details online are ...
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2answers
90 views

Making WiFi access point range shorter on purpose

Not sure if this is the right place to ask, but I'm trying to build a system of multiple WiFi access points that are spread out across a store. Since every smartphone and WiFi enabled device ...
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2answers
1k views

Dipole antennas: Will paracord hold up well enough in the sun? Is there a better alternative?

Tower is up and pre-stretched multi-strand 14 Ga wires are cut & terminated for a multiband fan-style dipole antenna system. Location is the desert southwest of the USA. Stringing up parts of it ...
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1answer
509 views

Microstrip Loop Antenna Design

I am trying to design a loop antenna for operation at 2.4 GHz, I would like for it to have above 2.5 dB gain at 2.4 GHz and have relatively good return loss (<-10 dB). I have started my design as ...
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1answer
727 views

What is the turn spacing on a Helix Antenna?

I want to do some satellite communication so I thought why not build my own helix antenna. I found this page: Helix antenna design and construction details The most things are clear except for the ...
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1answer
225 views

Yagi elements connected to boom?

I'm considering building this yagi for some local contests: http://www.i1wqrlinkradio.com/antype/ch90/chiave3.htm. The question is should the elements be electrically connected to the boom or not? I ...
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2answers
171 views

Is a “shorted” coax feedline ok for a G5RV type antenna?

I have "inherited" what I believe to be a G5RV antenna with two 51 foot wire centerfed radiators. If I remember correctly from measuring 2 months ago, there is about 31 feet of 450 ohm ladderline ...
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3answers
418 views

How do I get my crystal radio to receive?

My 8 year old and I are trying to figure out how to get this crystal radio we made working. It's based off this youtube video. We get clicks when we put the crystal ear piece either side of the ...
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1answer
102 views

RF inert adhesive for building antennas in the UHF to low GHz region

I want to experiment with different mechanical designs for some Yagi antennas for 440 MHz through perhaps 2.3 GHz. I am looking for some adhesives and/or potting-like materials that would be ...