Linked Questions

1
vote
0answers
55 views

Interpreting the Friis transmission equation [duplicate]

In the Friis transmission equation, can you please explain the significance of the factor $$\left(\frac{\lambda}{4\pi R}\right)$$ and what it helps us achieve? Specifically in terms of path loss.
25
votes
4answers
3k views

What is a link budget, and how do I make one?

Like the question title says, what is a radio link budget? For what is it useful, and how do I make one?
6
votes
6answers
5k views

Why is antenna aperture a function of wavelength?

Wikipedia says: It can be shown that the aperture of a lossless isotropic antenna, which by definition has unity gain, is: $$ A_{\mathit{eff}} = \frac {\lambda^2}{4 \pi}$$ We also see this ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Moon->Earth 433MHz link achievable digital bandwidth

Let's assume we have the following situation: Transmitter on moon orbit (distance from earth ~400'000km), around 433Mhz. Transmitter power 1W, antenna gain 10dB, circular polarization. Steered to ...
6
votes
5answers
9k views

Wifi passive repeater (antenna to antenna connection)

I have two buildings. Building A has wifi (2.4GHz) infrastructure, Building B doesn't. One side of building B can pick up the wifi signal from building A. I want to passively extend the signal through ...
1
vote
5answers
295 views

How to learn about the physics behind propagation?

What are good sources for information about the propagation of RF that details the equations behind the curtain? I've been able to find some simple stuff on wikipedia but nothing fancy that I'm sure ...
1
vote
2answers
275 views

What is the optimal antenna for a high altitude weather balloon?

I was thinking of creating a 2.4 GHz WiFi wireless link with a directional, circular polarized antenna but I am not sure if that would work for such a long distance. The antenna cant weigh more than 1 ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Field Strength calculations with known antennas

I can receive a calibrated decibel milliwatt signal level from the output of any antenna at a given frequency. With a given antenna gain (dbi) in the direction I want to receive the signal (...
1
vote
1answer
325 views

Where can I find a very long distance Wifi antenna with a range of 50-100 km? Or is it a DIY project?

I'd like to increase personal security by receiving Wifi connections 50-100 km away from physical device location, with high decibel to milliwatts (dbm) reading to overcome path attenuation by foliage ...
4
votes
1answer
315 views

What is the average fade margin required for proper operation at 2.4 GHz?

I have two radios. Sensitivity is -84 dBm and transmitting EIRP is +30 dBm. How much distance should I expect? I want it to be somewhere near about 2-3 km. Is it possible?
1
vote
1answer
205 views

building a relay for 5.8Ghz?

I'm interested in building a relay for analog video sent from an R/C aircaft. The idea is to get around obstacles like hills and increase distance a bit. Rather than just applying more power, I ...
2
votes
3answers
239 views

Is 2.4Ghz good for an UAV?

I'm designing a drone(UAV) as a hobbyist, and radio communications is not my strong point. I will be transmitting waypoints from a portable control station and receiving video(a low frame rate is ok). ...
2
votes
1answer
263 views

Find RF transmission distance

I guess my question is as follows: if I find FSPL (there will be no buildings or anything blocking/diffracting), can I figure out how far the signal can be transmitted if the receiver gain, loss and ...
0
votes
1answer
335 views

What are the signal loss mechanisms between a ground station antenna and a satellite receiver?

What are ALL the potential signal loss mechanisms between the output of the earth station antenna and the input of the satellite receiver. With a bit of explanation for each if possible please.
3
votes
1answer
150 views

How much RF power should I expect to receive from a satellite?

I am trying to receive beacon from the analog satellites and observe its power on signal analyzer.I am using a 15dB gain and LNA with a 40dB gain. I am trying satellites like Ho-68(-81.64 dB at 56 deg ...

15 30 50 per page