I am looking for RTTY AFSK specifications. I am a little confused when coding the Baudot code; not the normal characters, but the symbols and numbers.
The 5-bit Baudot code only has 32 combinations, so a special trick is used to encode 52 different letters, numbers and special symbols.
The key concept is that the receiver can be in one of two different states or modes, and two of the 32 codes are reserved for putting it into one state or the other.
11111 puts it into "letters" mode, while
11011 puts it into "figures" mode.
There are a few control codes that do the same thing regardless of which mode the receiver is in:
00010is line feed
01000is carriage return
The remaining 26 codes are interpreted according to the current mode of the receiver. In "letters" mode, they represent the letters of the alphabet. In "figures" mode, they represent the digits and various special characters.
As an example, to transmit "N3AOA", you would send the following string of codes:
11111 01100 11011 00001 11111 00011 11000 00011 LTRS N FIGS 3 LTRS A O A
Does this address your confusion?