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We live full time in our RV. We are at an RV park for the winter. They just knocked on my door and asked what kind of antenna I have on top of my RV. I told them it's a small ham radio antenna that I use only for monitoring at this time. I was told that it has to come down because the Internet people couldn't figure out what is wrong with the service and decided it has to be my antenna. It is 1.2GHz and the internet company is at 3.2GHz. Could the antenna interfere with the Wi-Fi?

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  • $\begingroup$ Hi pris, welcome to Amateur Radio Stack Exchange. It would be very useful to clarify whether you are transmitting with that antenna, or only receiving. If you are only using it to receive signals, then interference should not be possible. $\endgroup$ – mtrberzi Nov 11 '14 at 1:48
  • $\begingroup$ @mtrberzi pris does say that it is an "antenna that I use only for monitoring at this time". $\endgroup$ – a CVn Nov 11 '14 at 15:03
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    $\begingroup$ Soon after I raised up a Hexbeam antenna on the roof of my house, a neighbor from down the street came over to complain about interference. I asked her "When was this interference, date and time?". She gave me a time and I said, "Not me, I was not on the air at that time". It seems that a visible antenna will bring complaints out of the woodwork to satisfy somebody's ill-operating equipment. If it is a TX problem, always ask for the time of the problem and check with your log. $\endgroup$ – K7PEH Nov 11 '14 at 16:01
  • $\begingroup$ @K7PEH Either that, or leave it up for a while before connecting it to anything (even a cable at the antenna feedpoint). "Here's a pair of binoculars. Do you see any cable attached to that antenna?" (Phrased appropriately diplomatically, obviously.) $\endgroup$ – a CVn Nov 12 '14 at 8:31
  • $\begingroup$ Heh. Sounds like someone doesn't like you having an antenna up.. Their is no way it could mess with the WIFI if you are not TXing. Give whoever told you to take the antenna down a book on basic electronics. $\endgroup$ – Matt Nov 13 '14 at 19:34
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A receiving antenna as you describe it couldn't be a source of interference. You should ask the internet company to provide concrete data on the suspected interference to hopefully pinpoint the time and place the offending device is emanating the interfering signal. Good luck on solving the interference!

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    $\begingroup$ On "solving the interference", I read in QST one month how it is difficult to know whether to be a good neighbor or keep to oneself. A ham neighbor's TV was receiving interference when the ham used his amplifier, and so the ham offered to attach RFI suppression toroids on various lines, like exposed speaker lines, to reduce the interference. This solved the problem. But many years later, the TV tube burned out, as they do sometimes from age. The neighbor then decided that the toroids must have shortened the life span, and demanded compensation. $\endgroup$ – Paul Nov 16 '14 at 10:24
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  1. A receiving antenna will not cause interference to the Internet company's antenna. It may block some of the Internet company antenna signal if is placed too close, but to cause interference your antenna would have to be emitting RF. Maybe its not your 1.2 GHz receiving antenna. Maybe its all the broadcast antennas on the other vehicles parked in the RV park. Doubtful, but just as ludicrous as the explanation given to "They" by the Internet people.

  2. If the Internet company is claiming your antenna is causing interference they must show you, here I am presuming that you are a licensed ham, through instrumentation that your receiving antenna is the cause of the company's antenna interference problem.

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  • $\begingroup$ "but to cause interference your antenna would have to be emitting RF." If that's true, how do passive RFID tags work? Surely, with no batteries or other internal power sources, they can't transmit...or can they? $\endgroup$ – Phil Frost - W8II Nov 25 '14 at 16:30
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    $\begingroup$ The RFID tag is powered by RF from the scanner, through a process called electrodynamic induction. It receives just enough juice to transmit the ID back. $\endgroup$ – cdegroot VA3CGR Nov 25 '14 at 16:54
  • $\begingroup$ @cdegrootVA3CGR yes, it was a rhetorical question. An RFID tag can "transmit" despite having no power source, and if what it transmitted were not intentional, we'd call it "interference". $\endgroup$ – Phil Frost - W8II Nov 25 '14 at 21:45
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Maybe, but it's pretty unlikely. Usually, interference is caused by transmissions, but you aren't transmitting. A receiving-only antenna has the possibility of absorbing or phase-shifting other transmissions which happen to pass by.

As an extreme example of this, consider a Yagi-Uda antenna:

yagi antenna

Such an antenna has only driven element. We could consider it as one transmitting antenna carefully placed around some number of receiving antennas which absorb and re-emit the transmitted signal in a specific way to create a directional antenna.

As another extreme example, consider chaff used to interfere with radar transmissions. It is nothing more than a bunch of antennas blown into the air, yet they can really ruin your day if you are trying to make an airplane explode.

Now, we don't know the exact geometry of your antenna relative to the ISP's antenna, but we do know that your antenna is for 1.2 GHz while the ISP is at 3.2 GHz. As 3.2 GHz is very near the third harmonic of 1.2 GHz, and center-fed dipoles or monopoles are also resonant on all their odd harmonics, your antenna is resonant at the ISP's frequency which means it will interact more strongly with the ISP's signal than some random object like an RV.

If your antenna is very close to the ISP's, then you could accidentally have a Yagi-Uda antenna, with the two antennas interacting very strongly and giving some directionality to the ISP's antenna that isn't intended. If your antenna is less close, then the effects would be milder, with the effects largely limited to paths that pass through or near your antenna.

Given the very small wavelength at these frequencies, and the size of an RV park, it's reasonable to assume your antenna falls in the "less close" category, which is why I'm very doubtful there's actually a problem. If the conclusion that your antenna was the problem was reached by some technician with 4 hours of training that did nothing more than plug a black box into the ISP's equipment and observe a red light on the thing, then it's almost surely an ignorant attempt to reassign blame. Most techs have very little knowledge of how to fix anything, so all they really can do is assign blame. Sometimes their test black box finds a problem at the ISP so they blame someone internally who fixes the problem. In all other cases they tend to blame the customer so they can leave.

However, if the ISP sends out a real RF engineer, and he can make a creditable conclusion that your antenna is problematic, you shouldn't rule it out as an impossibility. Incidentally, this real RF engineer should also be quite capable of working with you to resolve the problem to your mutual satisfaction, which probably involves nothing more than a couple minor modifications to your station. After all, getting many antennas to work together (even with many of them transmitting!) is something RF engineers do all the time:

antenna tower

Radio Antenna Towerby sarixe

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    $\begingroup$ Also, but unlikely, superhet receivers do emit RF radiation because of their local oscillator. It's very very minor, but a high gain antenna will work both ways, and with RF, I think you just never know. But I agree - the ISP should send out a guy instead of making assertions. $\endgroup$ – cdegroot VA3CGR Nov 25 '14 at 17:04
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Your microwave antenna isn't affecting WiFi in any way, since the frequencies are differentiated enough to be irrelevant.

An early contributor pointed out "NIMBY" and your conspicuous tall antenna is the latest source of blame for problems. The rest of the RV park residents are unable or even too lazy to figure out the real problem, and superstitiously blaming the new guy makes them feel better.

Did "their issues stop occurring when you shut down your radio shack"? You already answered "no".

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