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What is the longest possible range on the 40-meter band by ground wave?

A reference said we can achieve 150 miles at 8 MHz with only a 100 watt transmitter. It also says on 160 meters, the ground wave may extend to more than 900 kilometers. Is this really possible?

http://www.ips.gov.au/Category/Educational/Other%20Topics/Radio%20Communication/Intro%20to%20HF%20Radio.pdf

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The longest achievable groundwave range is about 40,075 km, or in other words, the circumference of the Earth. There is no longer possible path over the ground.

In other words, there is no upper limit to how far radio waves can propagate, though there is a limit on distance imposed by the geometry of the earth. This holds for any mode of propagation, including ground wave. It also holds for any frequency, including the 40m band.

All electromagnetic radiation becomes progressively weaker with distance according to the inverse square law. At some point it becomes too weak to be detected, but this can always be compensated by using a more sensitive detection method, or increasing the transmitter power. As such, there is no limit without defining additional constraints.

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If you read the document again you will see they were referencing nautical miles over water. Distance over land is greatly reduced.

So to answer your question, yes this is true.

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    $\begingroup$ even if it is reduced over land it will be 40% the distance over sea wich mean over 350 km ! $\endgroup$ – abduoman11 Oct 25 '14 at 21:08

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