# How do I determine the necessary isolation and antenna spacing between TX and RX antenna for repeater

Here's the situation. I'm going to be installing a couple of VHF repeaters at a site and am now choosing antenna placement on the tower. My understanding is that to determine the separation of TX/RX antenna, there should be enough isolation/attenuation so that the TX signal is less than Receive Sensitivity plus the Adjacent Channel Rejection at the RX input. So referring to the Quantar specs, (here), where:

Receive Sensitivity = .25uV ~ -119dBm

Requirement for TX to RX isolation = -119dBm + 80dB = -39dBm

So referring to the antenna separation curves, (here), the best I can achieve is 50dB of isolation with a vertical separation of 45 feet. So, (assuming no cable loss) if the repeater is transmitting at 50dBm (100 Watts), with the 50dB antenna separation/isolation the TX signal at the receiver is 0dBm, so I'd need to add another > 40dB attenuation with an external pre-select filter.

So is my understanding of how to deal with this situation correct? How does the 4 MHz pre-selct filter factor in to this? Do I only have to protect against signals that fall within the 4 MHz window, including other transmitters? Does the situation change if the TX frequency on the repeater pair is outside of the 4MHz window of what the RX frequency is? It of course makes sense to me that it would, but the specs don't give a figure for what the roll-off of the Rf front end is.

• Hi @Frank, good question but I think it's a duplicate of one you posted a duplicate of shortly after? ham.stackexchange.com/questions/21175/… I'm voting to close this one so that answers/discussion doesn't get split between the two copies. Aug 15, 2022 at 18:27
• @tomnexus According to your answer to the duplicate question... Two more specifications you need to consider - spurious emissions of the transmitter, at the receive frequency, might be stronger than the rejection calculation you do. And if the transmit is < 4 MHz from the receive, then there is desensitisation of the front end if the received signal is over maybe - 10 dBm. – Aug 15, 2022 at 20:13
• @natevw-AF7TB Yes. This was a dup. Don't know why but it posted twice. The other was closed, so I deleted it and left this one open. Aug 15, 2022 at 20:15
• "40 dBM" is not an attenuation, but a power (40 decibel-Megawatt, i.e., 10 Gigawatt, same order of magnitude as the world's largest power power plants). I think you just mean 40 dB! Remember what Decibel actually are :) Aug 16, 2022 at 8:55
• @MarcusMüller Yep, you're right. Just a typo on my part. Aug 16, 2022 at 17:15