On a recent trip to China I photographed a number of "antennas" that I do not recognize. Are they even antennas? 1st antenna

2nd antenna

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    $\begingroup$ Hello and welcome to ham.stackexchange.com! $\endgroup$
    – rclocher3
    Jul 30 '20 at 13:58
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    $\begingroup$ Lightning rods? Or lightning-repelling rods (there's no such thing but people try)? $\endgroup$
    – tomnexus
    Jul 30 '20 at 20:31
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    $\begingroup$ @tomnexus Lightning rod, yes; and nope, we can't repel lightning and make it retreat back up into the cloud. :-) $\endgroup$
    – Mike Waters
    Jul 31 '20 at 2:05
  • $\begingroup$ It could help to know precisely where these pictures were taken. $\endgroup$ Jul 31 '20 at 17:52
  • $\begingroup$ Both devices were seen in Kunming, Yunnan. I can't be more precise than that. $\endgroup$
    – VE3LNY
    Aug 3 '20 at 22:05

A possibility for their use is suggested by the small "globes" at the free ends of the conductors in the 2nd photo. If this array of conductors was intended for lightning protection, they better would have very sharp tips in order to reduce the flashover voltage appearing at the ends of the conductors. Also, ~vertical conductors would be better for lightning protection, as they would better protect the structure to which they are attached.

Instead those conductors might be co-driven radiators of a semi-wideband, ~directional antenna system.

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    $\begingroup$ Those free-end "globes" look more like a few sharp "probes" to me. Exactly as you suggest, for corona discharge. $\endgroup$
    – glen_geek
    Jul 31 '20 at 14:39
  • $\begingroup$ Nice answer. If you click on the bottom photo to enlarge it, those globes appear to be where the short fine wires -hopefully with very sharp ends- are attached. $\endgroup$
    – Mike Waters
    Jul 31 '20 at 17:25

Those are not antennas, but intended to be lightning dissipators. Basically, they are a type of lightning rod.

A lightning rod or lightning conductor (UK) is a metal rod mounted on a structure and intended to protect the structure from a lightning strike. If lightning hits the structure, it will preferentially strike the rod and be conducted to ground through a wire, instead of passing through the structure, where it could start a fire or cause electrocution.

The following related questions and answers go into more detail:

Lightning Dissipators

The lightning dissipator consists of many small spikes and prevents a strike by slowly discharging through each little spike.

Do lightning rods attract or do they help prevent lightning?


How does a higher antenna reduce rain static on a lower antenna?

In summary, several answers support that they can prevent a lightning strike under some circumstances. Others disagree and vehemently declare that they are of no value whatsoever. I strongly believe that the truth lies somewhere in the middle.

On top of this corona-discharge negative ion generator is an effective (if fragile) ion emitter, which appearance and function is very similar to those photos in the question. There were actually eight of those .005" diameter stainless steel wires.

Tabletop negative ion generator with plug-in ion emitter

(No longer manufactured)

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    $\begingroup$ But but all of the articles you link to say there's no way to divert lightning or reduce the chance of a strike. I also wrote an answer about it. I do agree that's what these things in the picture are. $\endgroup$
    – tomnexus
    Jul 31 '20 at 3:37
  • $\begingroup$ "In summary, the consensus is that they can prevent a lightning strike, under some circumstances." The only article you linked which seems to support that consensus is one you wrote. $\endgroup$ Jul 31 '20 at 4:41
  • $\begingroup$ After prolonged thought: I upvoted it for answering OP's question, but I had to leave this comment: The conditions under which these prevent lightning strikes is that lightning strikes suddenly become sentient and pity the fool who spent so much money on these things. $\endgroup$ Jul 31 '20 at 7:11
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    $\begingroup$ May I suggest sorting this out by adjusting the answer to claim only that they are intended to be lightning dissipators, without claiming they are effective (or not)? That is all that is relevant to answering the question asked. $\endgroup$
    – Kevin Reid AG6YO
    Jul 31 '20 at 18:27
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    $\begingroup$ @KevinReidAG6YO If you don't mind, let's not move these comments to a new chat at this time. Some folks that may have something else to contribute here may not be inclined to visit it. $\endgroup$
    – Mike Waters
    Jul 31 '20 at 20:21

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