I'm a beginner trying to use one of my two CB radios as a "base station." The problem is that the power cable is just two wires (no connectors/12v car plug) and a 2A fuse along one. Is it possible/safe to splice these to one of my million extra AC converters (pic below) and plug it into the wall? I know that the CB runs off of 12v, not sure about current. The adapter has a DC output of 12v 0.3a. This stuff is probably really obvious but I just want to be extra careful not to fry things. Thanks!
CB radio service transmitters are limited to 4 watts output power. Figure that that output circuit is only 50% efficient at most, and in round numbers you'll need probably at least a 10W input if not more.
For DC circuits the power (watts) is equal to the voltage times the current (amps). Your 12V, 0.3A adapter is therefore rated to supply 3.6 watts which is not nearly enough. When you try to transmit, the voltage into the radio will likely drop and cause the radio to "brown out". (This probably won't permanently damage anything except maybe the power supply, but the radio won't "work" while it's happening either and might need a power cycle to clear any lingering control circuit glitches…)
The 2A fuse on your radio is a clue that you'll probably want at least a 1A power supply for it. Is there a sticker somewhere on the radio that gives a specific current expectation?
Galaxy, there are a number of things to watch out for when connecting power to your Cobra 29LTD AM only CB radio.
The power supply must be a regulated DC power supply, which outputs between 12 and 14 V DC. An adapter which outputs AC is no good. Note that many adapters like the one in your picture are not regulated, and when nothing is connected to them they can output a few volts higher than what they have printed on them. Any DC output voltage in excess of 15 V will damage the radio.
The power supply must be at least 2.5 A. That radio draws about 0.5 A on receive and about 2.5 A when transmitting. If you power it with say a 500 mA plug pack, it will receive ok, but when you try to transmit the lights on the radio will all go dim and TX won't work.
Do not connect the plus and minus power wires around the wrong way. If you do the fuse will blow, or if the fuse is the wrong one and rated too high, there is a reverse polarity protection diode inside the radio that will go short circuit and it will need to be replaced.
CB radios need a special matched CB antenna. If you transmit while using the wrong antenna or one that is not tuned properly the radio will get hot and you risk damaging the main RF output transistor in the radio. Any antenna can be used if you are only receiving without any risk to the radio.
Hope that helps.