A key characteristic of antennas is that they are reciprocal.
That means it does not matter if you consider them in receive or transmit mode because both have the same characteristics. Changing that view often helps when wrapping your head around antenna topics.
That also means you can use any (passive) antenna for both, receiving and transmitting.
Some boundary conditions to keep in mind:
- At circular polarized antennas when they are used in the receive as well as the transmit path that the polarization is aligned (otherwise there are considerable losses), see e.g. answer from jcoppens
When one of them is linear polarized you get the advantage of not bothering with orientation.
- "Some receive antennas can't be used for transmit because they can't handle the power or their SWR is poor (which is not as important for receiving)." - contributed by user10489 in the comments.
- High gain antennas may yield to exceed the allowed EIRP in transmit mode (when the amplification is not aligned accordingly), whereas at receiving they can be used legally.